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Search Categories

Explanation of the Search Categories used in Recommended Literature: Pre-K-12.

Author/Title/Illustrator/Translator

The information for each selection includes the name of the author(s) and the title of the book. If applicable, the illustrator(s), and translator(s) of the book are also noted.

Annotation

Annotations are searched by typing in a keyword. Annotations are provided for each title and include a synopsis summarizing the book's subject, content, story line, and characters. Annotations may also suggest a link to a particular standard, or mention sensitive subject matter. California authors, illustrators, and settings are noted, if known.

Grade Level Span

One of five grade level designations is listed indicating the appropriate audience for a particular title. Grade levels are determined by factors such as interest level, curriculum connections, readability level, and links to the English-Language Arts Content Standards for those grades. Titles have been divided into the following grade-level spans:

Language

This category indicates if the title is written in a language other than English or if the title is bilingual (written in both English and another language). The list includes titles in the six languages most commonly spoken by students in California: English, Spanish, Hmong, Vietnamese, Chinese, and Filipino.

Culture

The list includes quality literature that reflects a rich cultural diversity. Cultural designations include: African, Australian, Black/African American, Cambodian/Cambodian American, Chinese/Chinese American, East Indian/East Indian American, Eastern European, Filipino/Filipino American, Hmong/Hmong American, Italian/Italian American, Japanese/Japanese American, Jewish/Jewish American, Korean/Korean American, Latino/Latino American, Middle Eastern, Native American, Pacific Islander, Russian/Russian American, South Asian, Vietnamese/Vietnamese American, Western European, and Multicultural.

Genre

The genre for each title is provided in the CDE Recommended Literature: Pre-K-12 Literary Genres Web page. Genres include: biography/autobiography, drama, essay, fable, fairy tale, fantasy, fiction, fiction in verse, folklore, historical fiction, horror, humor, legend, mystery, mythology, narrative nonfiction, nonfiction, poetry, realistic fiction, science fiction, short story, speech, and tall tale.

Classification

The classification category, as seen on the CDE Recommended Literature: Pre-K-12 Classifications Web page, indicates the following types of books: alphabet book, classic, concept book, counting book, early chapter book, easy reader, graphic novel, photo essay, picture book, read aloud, and wordless book.

Curriculum Connections

Strong curricular connections are noted in the areas of vocabulary, writing, literary elements, history/social science, literacy/motivation, mathematics, science, visual and performing arts, and physical education.

Awards

This category, as seen on the CDE Recommended Literature: Pre-K-12 Awards Web page, lists the special awards won by the author and/or illustrator for this title. Awards include, but are not limited to: Caldecott Medal, California Young Reader Medal, Coretta Scott King Author Award, Coretta Scott King Illustrator Award, National Book Award, Newbery Medal, etc.

Discipline

This category specifies the academic discipline or area with which a title is most closely associated. The disciplines listed include: English-Language Arts/General, English-Language Arts/Literary Elements, English-Language Arts/Vocabulary, English-Language Arts/Writing, Health, History/Social Science, Literacy/Motivation, Mathematics, Physical Education, Science, Visual and Performing Arts, and World Language.

Topic

The topics listed in this category provide areas of focus within the academic disciplines included in the search categories. Samples of the topics listed, but are not limited to, include: Algebra (Functions, I, II, Linear), Dance, Earth Science, Geography, Immigration/Migration, Lifestyles Around the World, Motor Skills/Movement Patterns, Psychology/Sociology, Theater, and Women’s Studies.

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Questions: Roxane Fidler | rfidler@cde.ca.gov | 916-323-4861 
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