Skip to content
Printer-friendly version

ELA/ELD Curriculum Framework Revision Guidelines

Curriculum Framework and Evaluation Criteria Committee Guidelines for the 2014 Revision of the English Language Arts/English Language Development Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten through Grade Twelve.
 

The State Board of Education (SBE) approved the guidelines on November 7, 2012. The guidelines will direct the work of the English Language Arts/English Language Development Curriculum Framework and Evaluation Criteria Committee (ELA/ELD CFCC).

The following guidelines are based on statutory requirements, oral comments from the four focus group meetings held in May and June 2012, and written comments received in May and June 2012.

  1. In general, the revised English Language Arts/English Language Development Framework for California Public Schools, Kindergarten through Grade Twelve (ELA/ELD Framework), shall:
  1. Be aligned to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects (CCSS), developed and published by the Common Core State Standards Initiative in June 2010, and subsequently adopted by the SBE in August 2010.
     
  2. Include the English language development (ELD) standards, pursuant to EC Section 60207(c), scheduled for adoption by the SBE in 2012.
     
  3. Provide guidance from Appendices A, B, and C of the CCSS developed and published by the Common Core State Standards Initiative in June 2010 and any subsequent updates.
     
  4. Support implementation of the California additions that are consistent with the overall design and progression of the CCSS.
     
  5. Include and be consistent with, and supportive of, the progression and organization of the standards outlined in the Career and College Readiness (CCR) Anchor Standards, which serve to identify the focus, coherence, rigor, interrelationship, and depth of the CCSS.
     
  6. Clearly state the basic overarching purpose and goals of the ELA/ELD Framework.
     
  7. Provide a clear and concise narrative that serves the needs of teachers, educators, curriculum leaders, family members, and students and that reflects current and confirmed research in reading, writing, literacy development, English language arts skills, and English language development.
     
  8. Support a progression of learning from transitional kindergarten through high school that aligns with the CCR Anchor Standards to ensure all students can achieve college and career readiness.
     
  9. When appropriate, utilize work done by education stakeholders, including other states, state and national organizations, county and district offices, and the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC) and Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) assessment consortia, to support the implementation of the CCSS.

  10. Support standards-based curriculum and instruction as follows:  
     
    • Provide guidance on standards-based sample instructional practices, exemplars, or models, within the grade-level or grade-span chapters/sections.

    • Provide guidance on instruction and learning of the four content strands and key features of the standards: (1) Reading, including text complexity and the growth of comprehension; (2), Writing, such as text types, responding to reading, and research; (3) Speaking and Listening, including flexible communication and collaboration;  and (4) Language, such as conventions, effective use, and vocabulary.

    • Identify the major shifts in instruction for California, which include, but are not limited to: (1) complexity (regular practice with complex text and its academic language); (2) evidence (reading, writing, speaking, and listening grounded in evidence from text, literary and informational); and (3) knowledge (building knowledge through content rich nonfiction).

    • Provide guidance and identify exemplars on the shared responsibility of all K–12 teachers, including content area teachers and specialists/special education, to work collaboratively to promote academic literacy across all content areas.

    • Identify learning progressions and foundations that prepare students for college and career readiness, as defined in the CCR Anchor Standards.

    • Provide guidance on transitional kindergarten instruction, including connection to the preschool foundational skills and reference to the California Preschool Learning Foundations (from the California Preschool Curriculum Framework) and the CDE’s Transitional Kindergarten Implementation Guide.  

    • Provide guidance on the manner in which content can be delivered to build the skills of creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, collaboration, communication, and construction and new understandings of knowledge, pursuant to Education Code Section 60207(d).  
       
  11. When appropriate, follow the organization and design of other standards-based frameworks and be of approximately the same length.
     
  12. Feature a glossary of relevant English language arts, English language development, CCSS, and technology terms.
     
  13. Feature an appendix with current ELA and ELD resources including links to online resources.
     
  14. Be a living document with annotated links that include an explanation to implementation tools, research-based instructional practices, model/sample exemplars, and high-quality research.
  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will address instructional strategies and support, including the following:

  1. Research on English language arts, English language development, literacy education, and instructional strategies. (e.g., learning theories, brain research, how to teach reading, backwards mapping, gradual release of responsibility, scaffolded instruction).

  2. Provide guidance to support instruction of the content strands and literacy development in:

    • Reading, including but not limited to: comprehension, foundational skills, selection, use, and evaluation of complex texts, text-based questioning strategies, support of wide-reading, independent reading, close reading of text, and reading texts aloud to students.

    • Writing, including but not limited to: argumentative and informational/explanatory writing types, the reading/writing connection using evidence from literary and informational texts.

    • Speaking and Listening, including but not limited to: collaborative conversations in social and academic contexts and oral language development.

    • Language, including but not limited to: academic and content specific vocabulary development.

    • History/Social Studies, Science and Technical Subjects, including but not limited to: literacy skills and links to well-developed model curriculum (e.g., Education and the Environment Initiative).

  3. Explanations and examples of strategies that develop students’ critical thinking, foster conceptual understandings, and recognize the importance of study and time management skills.

  4. Instruction that integrates the standards for English language arts with other content standards and is interrelated with English language development.

  5. Instruction that integrates the Model School Library Standards and develops independent readers in a text-rich environment.

  6. In addition to the above, teachers will use technology, real world applications, project-based learning, and performance tasks to develop students’ literary understandings.

  7. Connections between classroom instruction and extended learning programs and activities.

  8. Planning instruction and designing lessons using multiple texts and resources for conceptual development.

  9. Instruction that utilizes reading, writing, speaking and listening, and language to develop the knowledge, skills, and dispositions for all students to become actively engaged citizens in the 21st century.
  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will include the ELD Standards pursuant to EC Section 60207(b) and address the following:

  2. Provide a clear and concise narrative that serves the needs of teachers, educators, curriculum leaders, family members, and students and that reflects current and confirmed research in English language development and literacy for English learners.

  3. Provide guidance on standards-based curriculum and instruction by including:

    • Designated time and instruction of ELD that is aligned and corresponds with the CCSS in reading, writing, speaking and listening, and language.  Focus on the development and proficiency of English language and content understanding in academic contexts and address the language proficiency levels of English learners with appropriate expectations.

    • Instruction that incorporates the ELD standards and proficiency level continuum, addressing the critical principles for everyday and academic language development and cognition.

    • Research-based instructional  strategies, including the use of technology, that are consistent with the ELD standards for students at multiple levels of language proficiency, including long-term English learners, identification of gifted and special needs English learners, with specific reference to Improving Education for English Learners: Research-Based Approaches.

    • Research-based instructional models, including alternative, Two-Way Immersion, and bilingual programs.

    • Instruction that cultivates shared responsibility to address English language development across all content areas and grade levels.

    • Standards-based sample instructional practices, exemplars, models, or examples within grade-levels and at different language proficiency levels.

  4. Research to expand teachers’ English language development content knowledge (e.g., differences between ELD instruction and Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE) instruction, writing language objectives, and instruction of grammatical forms and functions).

  5. Universal design for learning, addressing the needs of English learners.

  6. Differentiated instruction for English learners, including scaffolding and critical thinking questioning strategies for different language proficiency levels.

  7. Strategies for sheltering the content, including but not limited to SDAIE and sheltered instruction.

  8. Include instructions to publishers and producers of instructional materials to incorporate strategies for English learners that are consistent with the ELD standards pursuant to EC Section 60204(b)(1).
  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will address professional learning and include the following:

  1. Support for the understanding and implementation of the CCSS and the ELD standards and the shifts in instruction, including guidance on preplanned and temporary scaffolding, information on the importance of teachers’ English language arts content and ELD knowledge and pedagogy, and the incorporation of Assembly Bill 250 professional learning modules.

  2. Research on how students background experience, home support, language, and culture influence the acquisition of ELD and learning of ELA, in addition to support for developing cultural proficiency and culturally relevant teaching to address California’s diversity.

  3. Support for instruction that is focused on critical grade level content and learning progressions with the goal of college and career readiness, consistent with the strategies and language in Section 2.

  4. Discussions and examples on effective models of professional learning.

  5. Professional resources and references, including guidance for all grade levels, early and adolescent literacy, and intervention.

  6. Resources for administrators and support for parents/families and other stakeholders, including guidance for collaboration between school and home.

  7. Development of professional learning communities to promote ongoing professional growth and development and to inform effective instructional practice.

  8. Differentiated instruction for English learners, long term English learners, nonstandard English speakers, native English speakers with literacy needs, students who use African American vernacular English, struggling readers, advanced learners, and students with special needs.

  9. Support for the use of different types of assessments, consistent with the strategies and language used in Section 5.

  10. Support to develop understanding of the ELA and ELD standards by other content teachers with specific exemplars of practice.


  11. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will address the topic of assessment and include the following:  
                   
  12. Clarification on the purposes of various types of assessment (e.g., entry-level, diagnostic, ongoing formative, computer-adaptive, performance-based, interim, and summative) that progress through all strands and align to the ELA/ELD standards.

  13. Guidance on the use of assessment results to monitor, plan, and adjust instruction and improve achievement for all students in a variety of program models.

  14. Current information on California’s assessment of English language arts and English language development standards.

  15. Guidance on developing and using formative and summative assessment tools, such as rubrics, technology, portfolios, exemplars, anchor papers, collaborative conversations, teacher observations, and authentic writing for students to demonstrate grade-level proficiency.

  16. Guidance to teachers on how to develop students’ abilities to take responsibility for their own assessments, growth, and goals and how to help organize ongoing information to the students for self-assessment.

  17. Guidance on how to assess reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language skills and support student learning taking into consideration English language proficiency.

  18. Guidance for all teachers on how to formally and informally assess language proficiency growth across the various ELD levels.

  19. Consistency with assessment specifications and support materials produced by the SBAC.

  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will incorporate a clear definition of universal access and support teachers in providing standards-aligned instruction to all learners. The framework will include:

  1. Guidance on making academic language and content-specific vocabulary accessible to all students.

  2. Specific examples of differentiated instruction, including scaffolding and critical-thinking questioning strategies.

  3. Research-based instructional strategies, including the use of technology, to meet the needs of all students, including:

    • English learners.

    • Long-term English learners.

    • Advanced learners.

    • Students with disabilities.

    • Students who use African American vernacular English.

    • Students who use nonstandard English.

    • Students who are falling behind in English language arts.

    • Students with reading skills below grade level.

  4. Examples of effective instructional strategies at various grade levels that include pre-teaching, a focus on good first instruction, rigor, high expectations for all students, and highlight the learning progressions.

  5. Information on early and tiered intervention (e.g., RtI2).

  6. Universal design for learning, addressing the needs of students with disabilities.
  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will address technology and tools for teaching and learning and include the following:

  2. Clarification on the role of technology as an instructional tool and strategy to support critical thinking, collaboration, creativity and communication as well as reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language use.

  3. Identification of the strengths and limitations of various technological tools and media and the selection and use of the tool(s) and strategies best suited for communication and for supporting the standards noted in 7.A. for authentic purposes.

  4. Support the strategic use of technology in the classroom at different grade levels and for different purposes, considering equity and access issues throughout the state.

  5. Information regarding the use of technology to deliver assessments, analyze the results, and provide targeted information to increase student learning and intervention.

  6. References and links to technology-based tools and strategies for instruction and learning (e.g., performance tasks, project-based learning, research, and integration, production, distribution, and presentation of knowledge and ideas).

  7. Information on the role of technology in professional learning and resources for online professional learning.

  8. Discussion on the role of technology in supporting universal access.

  9. Guidance to help prepare students to use technology and demonstrate sufficient command of computer skills (e.g., keyboarding skills, maintaining files).
  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will include a chapter on instructional materials that incorporates the criteria for evaluating K–8 instructional materials and general information.

    The criteria for evaluating K–8 instructional materials will:

  2. Require alignment to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects developed by the Common Core State Standards Initiative and published in June 2010 and the English Language Development Standards scheduled for adoption in 2012.

  3. Request that publishers and producers of instructional materials provide assessment practices (e.g., entry-level, diagnostic, formative, interim, performance-based, and summative) at each grade level necessary to prepare all students for success in higher level English language arts.

  4. Request that publishers and producers of instructional materials provide embedded assessments and guidance on their use in the classroom.

  5. Require instructional materials to be consistent with the revised ELA/ELD framework and standards.

  6. Include instructions to publishers and producers of instructional materials to incorporate strategies for English learners that are consistent with the ELD  standards scheduled for adoption by the SBE in 2012, pursuant to EC Section 60204(b)(1).

  7. Include strategies that are consistent with the ELD standards to develop high levels of English proficiency.

  8. Include strategies that are consistent with the ELA standards to support student achievement in mastering the grade-level standards.

  9. Include instructions to publishers and producers of instructional materials to incorporate instructional strategies to address the needs of students with disabilities in both lessons and teacher’s editions, as appropriate, at every grade level pursuant to EC Section 60204(b)(2).

  10. Include specific criteria for technology-based instructional materials and online curriculum.

  11. Be consistent with criteria developed by collaborative intra-state organizations, recognizing the unique needs of California.

  12. Call for basic K–8 grade level instructional materials that include intervention strategies and support materials that are incorporated into the basic program.

  13. Align to the content standards in history, social studies, science, and technical subjects.

The criteria for evaluating grades 9–12 instructional materials will:

  1.  Include guidance assisting local education agencies to determine the extent instructional materials align with the ELA/ELD standards, recognizing that not all standards may be taught in a particular course and a combination of materials may be used to teach all grade-level standards.

  2. Be consistent with criteria developed by collaborative intra-state organizations and focus on the close connection between comprehension of text and acquisition of knowledge through text selection, questions and tasks, academic vocabulary, writing to sources and research, and student reading, writing, listening, and speaking (e.g., Revised Publishers’ Criteria for the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts and Literacy, Grades 3–12).

The general information section of the chapter will include guidance on selecting:

  1. Specialized instructional materials (e.g., instructional materials in primary languages and alternate formats).

  2. Supplemental instructional materials.

  3. Transitional kindergarten instructional materials.
  1. The revised ELA/ELD Framework will satisfy statutory requirements.

The revised framework must reflect changes in statute affecting the English language arts curriculum and instructional materials that have been enacted since the last revision of the Reading/Language Arts Framework, or additional relevant pending legislation. This includes but is not necessarily limited to the following:

  1. Requirements for the content of the curriculum framework as set forth in EC Section 60207 (AB 250, Chapter 608, Statutes of 2011):

    • Aligned to the CCSS for English language arts, pursuant to EC Section 60207(a).

    • Inclusion of the English language development standards, pursuant to EC Section 60207(c).

    • Strategies to address the needs of students with disabilities, pursuant to EC Section 60207(d).

    • Descriptions of the manner in which content can be delivered to build the skills of creativity and innovation, critical thinking and problem solving, collaboration, communication, and construction and new understandings of knowledge into and across the four core content areas, pursuant to EC Section 60207(e).

  2. Integrating the ELD standards into the state public education system as set forth in EC Section 60811.3(e).

  3. Discussion of how the framework can support English language arts and English language development instruction in transitional kindergarten programs established pursuant to EC Section 48000 and EC Section 60207.

Note: Updated January 2013 to reflect technical changes to EC citations.

Questions:   Curriculum Frameworks and Instructional Resources Division | CFIRD@cde.ca.gov| 916-319-0881
Download Free Readers