Title I Part A Dollar Amount Per Low-income Student
A local educational agency (LEA) is not required to allocate the same per-pupil amount to each school. The LEA may allocate higher per-pupil amounts to higher poverty rate schools with higher concentrations of poverty than to lower poverty rate schools.
The following points summarize the requirements of Title I for allocating funds to participating schools:
- The "Final Adjusted Allocation" is based on the requirement that the LEA must set aside Title I Part A funds specifically required for homeless children, children in locally operated institutions for neglected children, parental involvement, choice-related transportation and supplemental educational services, and professional development as required by law and must account for the Title I funds it spends on those activities. The LEA must then allocate the remaining funds to schools in accordance with Section 1113 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) and Section 200.78 of the Title I regulations.
- An LEA must allocate Title I funds to participating schools in rank order, based on the percentage (not the number) of low-income children counted.
- The LEA must serve, in rank order of poverty, all schools with a poverty rate above 75 percent of the students across all grade spans. The LEA may skip a school that has a poverty rate of more than 75 percent only if supplemental state and local funds are allocated to that school in an amount equal to or greater than funding the school would have received from Title I Part A funds.
- Only after the LEA has served schools with a poverty rate above 75 percent may the LEA serve lower-ranked schools. The LEA has the option to (1) rank remaining schools by grade span groupings, or (2) proceed with districtwide ranking. If an LEA elects to allocate funds to schools by grade span, the LEA must fund schools in rank order within each grade span. For example, the LEA may fund only a specific grade span, all grade spans, or the highest poverty schools within some or all grade spans. The same poverty measure must be used consistently for all schools for either option (1) or (2) above.
- If the LEA has an average poverty percentage below 35 percent, the LEA may serve only schools at or above that LEA average. If an LEA serves any school with a poverty rate of less than 35 percent, the LEA must allocate to each of its participating schools an amount for each low-income child in each participating school that is at least 125 percent of the LEA's allocation per low-income child. The LEA must calculate the 125 percent allocation per low-income child before the LEA reserves any funds. The allocation per low-income child is the total LEA Title I Part A allocation divided by the total number of low-income children in the LEA. The LEA then multiples this per-child amount by 125 percent.
- An LEA with an enrollment of less than 1,000 students or with only one school per grade span, is not required:
- to identify eligible school attendance areas;
- to determine the ranking of each area;
- to determine allocations to schools;
- to apply the 125 percent rule in cases where a school district serves a school with a poverty rate below 35 percent.
a - Meets 35 percent Low Income Requirement: The LEA may elect to provide funding to school's with a low income percentage below the district or grade span average and above the minimum 35 percent requirement as long as schools with higher percentages are funded first.
c - Funded by Other Allowable Sources: The school will be served by state or local programs that meet Title I Part A requirements. LEA affirms that funds are equal to or greater than the allocation that would have been made under Title I Part A and services are of the same type as schools funded by Title I Part A.
d - Desegregation Waiver on File: The school or district is operating a state or court ordered desegregation program that allows the district to serve eligible schools with a percent low income equal to or greater than 25 percent.
e - Grandfather Provision: The LEA is designating a school that is not eligible under current ranking but was served in the preceding fiscal year.
f - Feeder Pattern: The LEA may project the number of low-income children in a middle school or high school on the basis of average poverty rate of the elementary school attendance areas that feed into that school.
g - Local Funded Chart Opted Out: Locally funded charters can elect not to participate in Title I, Part A. If this is true the LEA must be able to not fund the school then fund the next school in rank order.
h - Local Funded Chart Opt In: Locally funded charters can choose to participate in Title I, Part A. If this is true the LEA must be able to skip higher ranked schools in order to fund the locally funded charter.
i - California Office to Reform Education (CORE) Waiver Eligible High School: the CORE Waiver identified high school with a graduation rate below 60 percent. The LEA can skip higher ranked schools in order to fund these schools.
A school that received a Title I allocation and Parent Involvement funds in the previous year must expend any remaining funds before the end of the federal fiscal year.
In distributing the amount of funds the LEA reserves for schools to carry out the parental involvement provisions of ESEA Section 1118, an LEA may use the same formula it uses to determine the per-pupil allocations for those schools or it may distribute those funds in another manner. An LEA may use one or a combination of factors. for example, it may choose to allocate funds to schools in improvement status, base its allocation on the results of the LEA’s annual evaluation of parental involvement activities, or make use of the state education agency’s annual adequate yearly progress review of how its LEAs are carrying out their responsibilities for activities under ESEA Section 1118.The LEA must involve parents of Title I Part A participating children in decisions about how it allots to schools the funds the LEA has reserved for parental involvement activities. The involvement of parents should be in a manner consistent with the definition of parental involvement. In terms of process and representation, an LEA may choose to use its district-wide parent advisory council (if it has chosen to establish one) to provide advice on this and other matters relating to Title I Part A programs (ESEA sections 1118[a][B] and 1118[e]).
Allocating Title I Part A Funds for Instructional Services for Participating Private Schools
Once the participating public school attendance areas have been established, under ESEA Section 1113(c) of Title I, an LEA calculates the per-pupil allocation for each participating public school attendance area. Then, based on the total number of children from low-income families residing in each attendance area attending both public and private schools, the LEA calculates the total amount of funds for each area. From this amount, the LEA reserves an amount of funds for the private school children (equal to the per pupil allocation multiplied by the number of low-income private school students in the area) to provide equitable services to eligible private school participants.
Questions and Answers
Q. Can a school that is ineligible for Title I Part A allocation in the current year still use its Title I carryover funds from the previous year?
A. Yes. A school that received a Title I Part A allocation in the previous year may spend its Title I funds through September 30 of the current year.
Q. If a school is still eligible for Title I Part A allocation in the current year (but the LEA decides not to fund the school), can the school still use its carryover funds from the previous year?
A. Yes. A school that received a Title I Part A allocation in the fiscal year must expend the funds by the end of the federal fiscal year, September 30.
Q. How does an LEA determine the per pupil allocation?
A. LEAs have significant flexibility in determining the per pupil allocation for each Title I school. The Title I per-pupil allocation amount must be large enough to provide a reasonable assurance that the funded school can operate a Title I program of sufficient quality to enable children to make adequate progress toward meeting the State's challenging performance standards. In addition, a school with a higher poverty concentration cannot receive a per pupil allocation that is lower than a lower ranked school.
Q. When an LEA elects not to serve an eligible public school attendance area, as permitted under ESEA Title I Part A Section 1113(b)(1)(D), what are the procedures for serving the private school children who reside in that attendance area?
A. An LEA may elect not to serve ("skip") an eligible public school attendance area or school that has a higher percentage of children from low-income families than other schools it elects to serve if (1) the school meets the comparability requirements, (2) the school is receiving supplemental funds from other State or local sources that are spent according to the requirements of either ESEA sections 1114 or 1115, and (3) the funds expended from such other sources equal or exceed the amount that would be provided under Part A.