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Child Welfare & Attendance

A specialized student support service that combines counseling and legal remedies to resolve complicated or persistent student attendance or behavior problems.

Child Welfare and Attendance is a specialized student support service that covers compliance with compulsory education laws, student admission and enrollment procedures, student discipline procedures, transfers to alternative programs, and school climate and safety. Child welfare and attendance combines the knowledge and skill of counseling with knowledge of education and the law to resolve complicated situations involving school choice, student discipline, campus safety, and programs for high-risk youth.

California Definition of Chronic Absentee

A "chronic absentee" has been defined in California Education Code (EC) Section 60901(c)(1) as "a pupil who is absent on 10 percent or more of the school days in the school year when the total number of days a pupil is absent is divided by the total number of days the pupil is enrolled and school was actually taught in the regular day schools of the district, exclusive of Saturdays and Sundays."

California Definition of Chronic Absenteeism Rate

The “chronic absenteeism rate” has been defined in California Code of Regulations Title 5, Section 157497.5 appendix:
(a) “Chronic absenteeism rate” shall be calculated as follows:
(1) The number of pupils with a primary, secondary, or short-term enrollment during the academic year (July 1 – June 30) who are chronically absent where “chronic absentee” means a pupil who is absent 10 percent or more of the school days in the school year when the total number of days a pupil is absent is divided by the total number of days the pupil is enrolled and school was actually taught in the total number of days the pupil is enrolled and school was actually taught in the regular day schools of the district, exclusive of Saturdays and Sundays.
(2) The unduplicated count of pupils with a primary, secondary, or short-term enrollment during the academic year (July 1 – June 30).
(3) Divide (1) by (2).

The above definition is used in California for Local Control and Accountability Plans and differs from the chronic absenteeism rate definition used in accordance with the data collection conducted pursuant to section 203(c)(1) of the Department of Education Organization Act (20 U.S.C. 3413(c)(1)) for Title I schools. The federal definition for chronic absenteeism counts students who have missed 15 days of school for any reason during one school year rather than students who have been absent 10 percent or more of the school days.

Publications

Every Student, Every Day: A Community Toolkit to Address and Eliminate Chronic Absenteeism External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
Offers information, suggested action steps, and lists of existing tools and resources—including evidence-based resources—for individuals, leaders, and systems to begin or enhance the work of effective, coordinated community action to address and eliminate chronic absenteeism.

Make Everyday Count Toolkit External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
Communicates the importance of regular school attendance to parents and students.

Present, Engaged, and Accounted For External link opens in new window or tab.
Focuses on the critical importance of addressing chronic absence in the early grades.

School Attendance Improvement Handbook (PDF)
Provides strategies to improve school attendance.

Resources

Attendance Works External link opens in new window or tab.
A national and state initiative that promotes awareness of the important role that school attendance plays in achieving academic success starting with school entry.

Every Student, Every Day: A National Initiative to Address and Eliminate Chronic Absenteeism External link opens in new window or tab.
Supports coordinated community action that addresses the underlying causes of local chronic absenteeism affecting millions of children in our public schools each year.

Reporting Requirements for Severance of Attendance
Information on EC Section 48203, which requires the superintendent of a school district or the principal of a private school to report the severance of attendance of children with exceptional needs or handicapped children.

School Attendance Improvement Strategies
Selected school attendance practices identified as having a positive effect in encouraging students to regularly attend all their high school classes.

Sample Forms

Sample forms are taken from Appendix A of the School Attendance Review Boards Handbook. Appreciation is extended to staff members of the San Juan Unified School District who permitted the California Department of Education to adapt and translate their Chronic Illness Verification Form for statewide use.

Chronic Illness Verification Sample Form (English) (DOC)
Available Translations of Chronic Illness Verification Sample Form
The Chronic Illness Verification Sample Form allows parents to excuse absences due to a specific medical condition with the same authority as a medical professional.

Questions:   Educational Options, Student Support, and American Indian Education Office | CWA@cde.ca.gov | 916-323-2183
Last Reviewed: Monday, March 7, 2016

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