The Law, Qualified Zone Academy Bond Program
SEC. 1397E. CREDIT TO HOLDERS OF QUALIFIED ZONE ACADEMY BONDS.
(a) ALLOWANCE OF CREDIT- In the case of an eligible taxpayer
who holds a qualified zone academy bond on the credit allowance
date of such bond which occurs during the taxable year, there
shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by this chapter
for such taxable year the amount determined under subsection (b).
(b) AMOUNT OF CREDIT-
(1) IN GENERAL- The amount of the credit determined under this subsection with respect to any qualified zone academy bond is the amount equal to the product of--
(A) the credit rate determined by the Secretary under paragraph
(2) for the month in which such bond was issued, multiplied by
(B) the face amount of the bond held by the taxpayer on the credit allowance date.
(2) DETERMINATION- During each calendar month, the Secretary shall determine a credit rate which shall apply to bonds issued during the following calendar month. The credit rate for any month is the percentage which the Secretary estimates will permit the issuance of qualified zone academy bonds without discount and without interest cost to the issuer.
(c) LIMITATION BASED ON AMOUNT OF TAX- The credit allowed under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall not exceed the excess of--
(1) the sum of the regular tax liability
(as defined in section 26(b)) plus the tax imposed by section
(2) the sum of the credits allowable under part IV of subchapter A (other than subpart C thereof, relating to refundable credits).
(d) QUALIFIED ZONE ACADEMY BOND- For purposes of this section--
(1) IN GENERAL- The term "qualified zone academy bond" means any bond issued as part of an issue if--
(A) 95 percent or more of the proceeds
of such issue are to be used for a qualified purpose with respect
to a qualified zone academy established by an eligible local education
(B) the bond is issued by a State or local government within the jurisdiction of which such academy is located,
(C) the issuer--
(i) designates such
bond for purposes of this section,
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(ii) certifies that it has written assurances that the private business contribution requirement of paragraph (2) will be met with respect to such academy, and
(iii) certifies that it has the written approval of the
eligible local education agency for such bond issuance, and
(D) the term of each
bond which is part of such issue does not exceed the maximum term
permitted under paragraph (3).
(2) PRIVATE BUSINESS CONTRIBUTION REQUIREMENT-
(A) IN GENERAL- For purposes of paragraph
(1), the private business contribution requirement of this paragraph
is met with respect to any issue if the eligible local education
agency that established the qualified zone academy has written
commitments from private entities to make qualified contributions
having a present value (as of the date of issuance of the issue)
of not less than 10 percent of the proceeds of the issue.
(B) QUALIFIED CONTRIBUTIONS- For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term "qualified contribution" means any contribution (of a type and quality acceptable to the eligible local education agency of--
(i) equipment for use in the qualified zone academy (including state-of-the-art technology and vocational equipment),
(ii) technical assistance in developing curriculum or in training
teachers in order to promote appropriate market driven technology
in the classroom,
(iii) services of employees as volunteer mentors,
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(iv) internships, field trips, or other educational opportunities
outside the academy for students, or
(v) any other property or service specified by the eligible local education agency.
(3) TERM REQUIREMENT- During each calendar
month, the Secretary shall determine the maximum term permitted
under this paragraph for bonds issued during the following calendar
month. Such maximum term shall be the term which the Secretary
estimates will result in the present value of the obligation to
repay the principal on the bond being equal to 50 percent of the
face amount of the bond. Such present value shall be determined
using as a discount rate the average annual interest rate of tax-exempt
obligations having a term of 10 years or more which are issued
during the month. If the term as so determined is not a multiple
of a whole year, such term shall be rounded to the next highest
(4) QUALIFIED ZONE ACADEMY-
(A) IN GENERAL- The term "qualified
zone academy" means any public school (or academic program
within a public school) which is established by and operated under
the supervision of an eligible local education agency to provide
education or training below the postsecondary level if--
(i) such public school
or program (as the case may be) is designed in cooperation with
business to enhance the academic curriculum, increase graduation
and employment rates, and better prepare students for the rigors
of college and the increasingly complex workforce,
(ii) students in such public school or program (as the case may be) will be subject to the same academic standards and assessments as other students educated by the eligible local education agency,
(iii) the comprehensive education plan of such public school
or program is approved by the eligible local education agency,
(iv)(I) such public school is located in an empowerment zone or enterprise community (including any such zone or community designated after the date of the enactment of this section), or
(II) there is a reasonable expectation (as of the date of issuance of the bonds) that at least 35 percent of the students attending such school or participating in such program (as the case may be) will be eligible for free or reduced-cost lunches under the school lunch program established under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act.
(B) ELIGIBLE LOCAL EDUCATION
AGENCY- The term "eligible local education agency" means
any local education agency as defined in section 14101 of the
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
(5) QUALIFIED PURPOSE- The term "qualified purpose" means, with respect to any qualified zone academy--
(A) rehabilitating or repairing the
public school facility in which the academy is established,
(B) providing equipment for use at such academy,
(C) developing course materials for education to be provided at such academy, and
(D) training teachers and other school personnel in such academy.
(6) ELIGIBLE TAXPAYER - The term "eligible taxpayer" means--
(A) a bank (within the meaning of section
(B) an insurance company to which subchapter L applies, and
(C) a corporation actively engaged in the business of lending money.
(e) LIMITATION ON AMOUNT OF BONDS DESIGNATED-
(1) NATIONAL LIMITATION - There is a national zone academy bond
limitation for each calendar year. Such limitation is $400,000,000
for 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, and 2013 and, except as provided in paragraph
(4), zero thereafter.
(2) ALLOCATION OF LIMITATION- The national zone academy bond limitation for a calendar year shall be allocated by the Secretary among the States on the basis of their respective populations of individuals below the poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget). The limitation amount allocated to a State under the preceding sentence shall be allocated by the State education agency to qualified zone academies within such State .
(3) DESIGNATION SUBJECT TO LIMITATION
AMOUNT- The maximum aggregate face amount of bonds issued during
any calendar year which may be designated under subsection (d)(1)
with respect to any qualified zone academy shall not exceed the
limitation amount allocated to such academy under paragraph (2)
for such calendar year.
(4) CARRYOVER OF UNUSED LIMITATION- If for any calendar year--
(A) the limitation amount for any State, exceeds
(B) the amount of bonds issued during such year which are designated under subsection (d)(1) with respect to qualified zone academies within such State, the limitation amount for such State for the following calendar year shall be increased by the amount of such excess. Any carryforward of a limitation amount may be carried only to the first 2 years (3 years for carryforwards from 1998 or 1999) following the unused limitation year. For purposes of the preceding sentence, a limitation amount shall be treated as used on a first-in first-out basis.
(f) Special rules relating to expenditures
(1) In general an issue shall be treated as meeting the requirements of this subsection if, as of the date of issuance, the issuer reasonably expects --
(A) at least 95 percent of the proceeds from the sale of the issue are to be spent for 1 or more qualified purposes with respect to qualified zone academies within the 5-year period beginning on the date of issuance of the qualified zone academy bond,
(B) a binding commitment with a third party to spend at least 10 percent of the proceeds from the sale of the issue will be incurred within the 6-month period beginning on the date of issuance of the qualified zone academy bond, and
(C) such purposes will be completed with due diligence and the proceeds from the sale of the issue will be spent with due diligence.
(2) Extension of period
Upon submission of a request prior to the expiration of the period described in paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary may extend such period if the issuer establishes that the failure to satisfy the 5-year requirement is due to reasonable cause and the related purposes will continue to proceed with due diligence.
(3) Failure to spend required amount of bond proceeds within 5 years
To the extent that less than 95 percent of the proceeds of such issue are expanded by the close of the 5-year period beginning on the date of issuance (or if an extension has been obtained under paragraph (2), by the close of the extended period), the issuer shall redeem all of the nonqualified bonds within 90 days after the end of such period. For purposes of this paragraph, the amount of the nonqualified bonds required to be redeemed shall be determined in the same manner as under section 142.
(g) Special rules relating to arbitrage
An issue shall be treated as meeting the requirements of this subsection if the issuer satisfies the arbitrage requirements of section 148 with respect to proceeds of the issue.
Issuers of qualified academy zone bonds shall submit reports similar to the reports required under section 149(e).
(i) Other definitions
For purposes of this section --
(1) Credit allowance date
The term "credit allowance date" means, with respect to any issue, the last day of the 1-year period beginning on the date of issuance of such issue and the last day of each successive 1-year period thereafter.
(2) Bond- The term "bond" includes any obligation.
(3) State- The term "State" includes the District of Columbia and any possession of the United States.
(j) Credit Included in Gross Income- Gross income includes the amount of the credit allowed to the taxpayer under this section (determined without regard to subsection (c)).
(h) Credit treated as nonrefundable bondholder credit - For purposes of this title, the credit allowed by this section shall be treated as a credit allowable under subpart H of Part IV of subchapter A of this chapter.
(i) S Corporations - In the case of a qualified zone academy bond held by an S corporation which is an eligible taxpayer-
(1) each shareholder shall take into account such shareholder's pro rata share of the credit, and
(2) no basis adjustments to the stock of the corporation shall be made under section 1367 on account of this section.