Science-based programs are those programs for which scientifically-based research has provided evidence to indicate that the program will reduce violence and illegal drug use.
Recipients of Title IV, Part A - Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities (SDFSC) or Tobacco-Use Prevention Education (TUPE) entitlement funding must implement programs in accordance with the Principles of Effectiveness (POE). For a program or activity to meet the POE, such program or activity shall be based on scientifically-based research that provides evidence that the program to be used will reduce violence and illegal drug use (20 USC, Section 7115 (C)).
Scientifically-Based Research Definition
The definition for "scientifically-based research" is found in the No Child Left Behind Act (20 USC, Section 9101(37)).
Science-Based Program List
The California Department of Education (CDE) provides a list of science-based programs that meet these standards and have demonstrated effectiveness in preventing youth drug use, violence, or disruptive behavior. The Local Education Agency Plan requires SDFSC and TUPE grantees to implement at least one of the science-based programs listed.
Criteria for Identifying Science-Based Programs
Prevention programs that meet the following criteria are included on the Science-Based Program List:
- Prevent alcohol, tobacco, or drug use; disruptive behavior or violence; and
- Target students in one or more grades K-12; and
- Are designated as:
- A Research-Validated program by the California Healthy Kids Resource Center (CHKRC) ; or
- A Blueprint Model program by University of Colorado, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence (CSPV) ; or
- Are included in:
- The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) and meet the CDE’s minimum standards for NREPP ratings.
The CDE’s minimum standards for NREPP ratings and individual program analysis can be found at the California Healthy Kids Resource Center (CHKRC) .
Former Model Programs Pending NREPP Review
SAMHSA has decided that the programs formerly labeled as Model under the previous system will undergo a re-review and have updated summaries posted on the new NREPP Web site. These Model programs do not currently meet the criteria to be called science-based. The CDE will add these programs back on the Science-Based Program List as NREPP completes the re-review process and the criteria for inclusion are met. Until then, grantees may continue to use SDFSC or TUPE entitlement funds to implement the Model programs for a three year period ending June 30, 2010. After June 30, 2010, SDFSC or TUPE funds may only be used for programs listed as science-based.