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California Department of Education News Release
Release: #11-37
May 10, 2011
Contact: Pam Slater
E-mail: communications@cde.ca.gov
Phone: 916-319-0818

State Schools Chief Tom Torlakson Releases Results of
201011 California English Language Development Test

SACRAMENTO—State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson today released the results of the 2010-11 California English Language Development Test (CELDT) that shows a modest decline in the percentage of English-learner students at the advanced and early advanced performance levels this year over last, but still higher than in the 2006–07 school year.

"These results demonstrate that the valiant efforts of teachers and school administrators to help our students become fluent in English are being undermined by budget cuts that are crowding classes and shortening the school year," Torlakson said.

"For years we've been asking our schools to do more with less, and somehow they have managed to deliver. That cannot go on forever. The only way to achieve and sustain the excellence we want for English learners and all students is to invest in our schools again," he said.

Torlakson also announced California is partnering with the Council of Chief State School Officers to compete for additional funds available from the U.S. Department of Education to create a new English-language proficiency assessment system aligned to the new college and career ready standards.

"As the state that is home to one of every three English learners in the nation and, as such, we are in a unique position to lead this effort, and I am very optimistic that our efforts will be successful," he said.

The new English-language proficiency assessment would replace the current CELDT for English learners. Applications are due to the U.S. Department of Education by June 3, 2011 with awards scheduled to be announced in the early fall.

The CELDT assesses the English-language proficiency of students in kindergarten through grade twelve. These results are used to calculate Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives (AMAOs) for federal accountability requirements.

Compared to the rest of the nation, California has the greatest number of students whose primary language is not English. More than 100 languages are spoken by the state's English learners, of which approximately 85 percent speak Spanish.

The overall annual assessment results for 2010–11 show that more than 37 percent of the 1,253,583 English learners who took the CELDT in California's public schools scored at the early advanced (29.4 percent) and advanced (8 percent) performance levels (see Table 1). Between 2006–07 and 2010–11, the percentage of English learners scoring at the early advanced or advanced performance levels increased more than 5 percent (see Table 1).

To satisfy the CELDT criterion for English-language proficiency, a student in grade two through twelve must have an overall scale score of early advanced or advanced, plus a score of intermediate or above for each of the domains tested (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). English proficient for K–1 is an overall scale score of early advanced or advanced, and the performance level domain scores of listening and speaking must be at the intermediate level or above. [The domains of reading and writing do not have to be at the intermediate level.]

The CELDT criterion is synonymous with AMAO 2, the percentage of English learners attaining English proficiency on the CELDT, for federal accountability under Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

The CELDT is one of four criteria in state law to be used by schools in determining whether or not an English learner should be reclassified as fluent English proficient. Other criteria include comparison of performance in basic skills (e.g., the California Standards Test in English-language arts, which is part of the Standardized Testing and Reporting Program), teacher evaluation, and input from parents. Each school district establishes its own local reclassification procedures using these criteria.

Results of the 2010–11 CELDT show that 34.5 percent1 of English learners met the CELDT criterion for possible reclassification with the greatest percentage in grades six to eight (see Table 2). Although there was a slight decline in percentage this year compared to last year, there had been steady growth in English-language proficiency performance on the CELDT since 2006–07.

School, district, county, and state results of the 2010–11 CELDT Annual Assessment are available on the CDE Web page at CELDT Reports.

1 Weighted average across the grade spans within the school year.

Table 1: Percentage of English Learners Tested for CELDT
Annual Assessment by Overall Performance Level

Overall Performance Level

2006–07*

2007–08

2008–09

2009–10

2010–11

Change From Previous Year

Change From 2006–07

Beginning

10.4

8.9

8.1

7.4

8.0

0.6

-2.4

Early
Intermediate

18.0

16.6

15.4

14.7

15.3

0.6

-2.7

Intermediate

39.4

38.6

37.3

38.1

39.3

1.2

-0.1

Early
Advanced

25.3

28.2

29.7

30.7

29.4

-1.3

4.1

Advanced

7.0

7.6

9.5

9.1

8.0

-1.1

1.0

*Beginning in 2006–07, CELDT results are reported on a new common scale.

Table 2: Percentage of English Learners Who Met CELDT
Criterion for Possible Reclassification by Grade Span

Grade Span

2006–07

2007–08

2008–09

2009–10*

2010–11

Change From Previous Year

Change From 2006–07

K–2

20.0

23.6

26.6

28.0

27.6

-0.4

7.6

3–5

27.3

31.5

35.9

34.9

33.0

-1.9

5.7

6–8

37.4

42.4

44.8

47.0

45.2

-1.8

7.8

9–12

34.3

36.8

40.4

41.0

36.2

-4.8

1.9

All Grades**

29.1

32.8

36.2

36.7

34.5

-2.2

5.4

* Prior to 2009–10, the calculation of the CELDT Criterion for kindergarten and grade one (K–1) only includes listening and speaking scale scores.

** Weighted average across the grade spans within the school year.

The percentage of English Learners Reclassified that is reported by districts on the CDE Language

Census R–30 Web page will be available by this summer.

# # # #

Tom Torlakson — State Superintendent of Public Instruction
Communications Division, Room 5206, 916-319-0818, Fax 916-319-0100

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