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Frequent Questions -- Supplemental Instruction

Note: Please refer to the Fiscal Issues Relating to Budget Reductions and Flexibility Provisions guidance letter for information on provisions that apply to all programs. The letter covers such matters as the public hearing requirement, base year funding provisions, and how funding reductions will be calculated.

For specific questions related to funding, please contact Judy Gonzalez at

Program Characteristics Prior to SBX3 4:

Unique Characteristics of Pupil Promotion and Retention (PPR)-Related and Other Supplemental Instruction Programs

(Not applicable while SBX3 4 is in effect.)

Program Description and Targeted Students

Education Code

Mandatory or Voluntary

Grade Span Served

Enrollment and Reimbursement Caps

SI for pupils recommended for retention or retained



Grades 2-9

Uncapped re: Number of students served and number of hours per student

SI for pupils identified as at risk of retention or deficient in math, reading, or written expression based on STAR scores



Grades 2-6

5% of grade span (7% if funds allow), 120 hours per student max.

SI for pupils not demonstrating sufficient progress toward passing the CAHSEE



Grades 7-12

Uncapped re: Number of students served and number of hours per student

SI in core academic subjects (for all students), (commonly referred to as "summer school")



All grades offered (K-12)

5% of grade span (10% if funds allow), 120 hours per student max.

SI for pupils who failed one or both parts of CAHSEE



Grades 10-12

Uncapped re: Number of students served and number of hours per student

Frequently Asked Questions and Responses

  1. My child was retained, but the school is not providing adequate intervention. What can I do so that my child receives adequate supplemental instruction?

The California Education Code (EC) Section 48070.5 requires that a school district's PPR policy must provide opportunities for remedial instruction for pupils at risk of or recommended for retention. Furthermore, it also requires school districts to provide "programs of direct, systematic, and intensive supplemental instruction to pupils enrolled in grades two through nine who have been recommended for retention or who have been retained" (EC sections 37252.2 and 37252.5). Inquire at the school site or at the district level, if necessary, to obtain access to the supplemental instruction that should be available to pupils under these statutes. Inform the district staff person in charge of PPR-related SI that you were not informed of, and/or your child was not provided with, this service in a timely manner.

  1. When are school districts required to provide supplemental instruction (SI) to a student?

School districts are required to provide SI to students a) when they are in grades two through nine and are recommended for retention or retained in grade, and b) when they are in grades seven through twelve and do not demonstrate sufficient progress toward passing the California High School Exit Exam.

  1. How long does the obligation to provide supplemental instruction to retained students last?

The obligation pertains to the school year in which a student is actually retained (i.e., the school year in which the student is repeating the same grade).

  1. What kinds of classes may be offered for the core academic "summer school" program (pursuant to Education Code Section 37253)?

"Core academic" refers to classes in the "adopted course of study" for grades one through six and for grades seven through twelve, pursuant to EC sections 51210 and 51220, respectively. These include the following areas of study

Grades 1-6 Grades 7-12



Mathematics Mathematics
Social Studies Social Studies
Science Science
Visual & performing arts Visual & performing arts
Health Foreign languages
Physical education Visual & performing arts
Career technical education
Applied arts
Physical education
Automobile driver education

Other areas of study, prescribed by the governing board, may be included in the "adopted course of study."

  1. How does Independent Study relate to the supplemental instruction programs?

Because students in Independent Study programs may have an instructional day that does not conform to the regular instructional day of the school district of attendance, the emphasis should be on providing supplemental instruction to qualifying students. That is, the SI program should supplement and not supplant, replace, or be included as part of the student's academic work under Independent Study. All other SI program requirements pertain to students in Independent Study as they do to all other students.

  1. May charter schools offer supplemental instruction programs and receive reimbursement from the state?

Yes, charter schools may offer, but are not required to offer, SI programs to qualifying students. Direct-funded charter schools are reimbursed for SI services on the same basis as school districts (i.e., as local educational agencies).

Questions: Phyllis Hallam | | 916-323-4630 
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