- Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Title I, including
the One Stop system, focuses on employment. WIA Title II, the
Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, focuses on adult education.
What is the relationship between literacy and the One Stop system?
WIA Title II literacy providers help adults who cannot read, write, speak effectively, solve problems, get along with other people, or have difficulty in finding stable employment. In other words, they help people acquire the literacy skills they need for employment. The One Stop system helps find employment for these people once they have acquired employment skills.
- What is the role of each partner?
Title II agencies are mandated partners in the One Stop system and are required to be a part of the local Workforce Investment Board (WIB). The local WIB coordinates local planning, while the One Stop system provides direct services to job seekers and employers. WIA Title II agencies provide direct services to adults with literacy deficits.
- How should the Title II agency work with the local
It is recommended that local WIBs meet with local WIA Title II agencies to identify the literacy problems facing both employers and job seekers in communities and develop a joint "plan of action" to address local needs.
- What type of One Stop participant might need literacy
Adults who need literacy services include those who do not have a high school diploma or passed the General Educational Development (GED) test, adults who do not speak, read, or write English; and adults who may have completed high school but whose literacy deficits prevent them from successfully participating in employment or vocational training.
- What kinds of literacy services do One Stop participants
Classes in English as a Second Language (ESL), high school diploma programs, GED preparation, and adult basic education (content levels below the eighth grade.)
- Where, in the continuum of One Stop services, do WIA
Title II agencies fit?
WIA Title II services are included in the core and intensive services available through the One Stop system and should be advertised as part of the core services offered. Intensive services offered by WIA Title II providers include educational assessments and availability of no-cost literacy classes for adults or youth over 18.
- What kind of participant services does the One Stop
The One Stop system provides core services, including job search information, referrals, and assessments; intensive services, including referrals for literacy programs; and referrals for vocational training services.
Local Literacy Partners
- Why is WIA Title II a partner in the One Stop system?
Federal legislation requires WIA Title II to be a partner in the One Stop system. As a partner, WIA Title II funded agencies should be involved in workforce development planning for the region and in the delivery of services.
- Who are the local WIA Title II literacy providers?
WIA Title II agencies include adult schools, community colleges, community- based organizations (CBOs), faith-based organizations (FBOs), library literacy programs, and volunteer literacy programs. Not all of these agencies are a required partner; only agencies funded by Title II are required partners.
- Is there a list of WIA Title II providers?
The California Department of Education's Adult Education Office administers WIA Title II funds. Grants are announced every summer.
- Where should WIA Title II adult education programs
There are many different models. Some agencies provide literacy services on site at the local One Stop. Examples of on-site services most frequently include educational assessments and testing, but can also include tutoring or literacy classes. This is an especially valuable model for small agencies or those with limited classroom or tutoring space.
Many large agencies provide services in their own buildings or campuses and find that co-location of classroom facilities in a One Stop is unnecessary. In these instances, agencies should coordinate referrals with the local One Stop and should consider locating some of each partner's services at each site. Examples include providing educational assessments and testing at the One Stop and providing One Stop case management or information services at the education site.
Local Workforce Investment Boards
- Are WIA Title II literacy providers supposed to be
represented on the local Board?
Yes. WIA Section 117(b) specifies that Board composition must include representatives of each of the One Stop partners, while Section 121 specifies that adult education and literacy programs authorized under Title II of WIA are required partners in the One Stop system.
- What is the role of WIA Title II literacy providers
on the Board?
The role of WIA Title II literacy providers should be similar to any other member of the Board. These agencies should participate in evaluating the needs of the community or region, developing plans to meet those needs, and evaluating the success of the system.
Memorandum of Understanding
- Should there be a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)
with the literacy provider(s)?
There should be an MOU between the local Board and the WIA Title II literacy provider(s) in the region. Section 121c specifies that MOUs must contain the following provisions:
- Services provided through the One Stop system
- How the cost of services and the operating costs of the system will be funded
- Methods for referral of individuals between the One Stop operator and the One Stop partners
- Duration of the MOU and procedures for amending the memorandum
- Other provisions as appropriate
- Are literacy providers required to pay a share of
costs for maintenance of the One Stop?
WIA requires partners to participate in establishing the One Stop system but does not specify whether contributions to the system must be cash or in-kind services. Interpretation from the U.S. Department of Education (Program Memorandum 99-14) states that the WIA Title II agency must ensure that a portion of the funds made available under Title II is used "by providing services or through other means, to create and maintain the One Stop delivery system."
- How do you determine what the cost should be?
Costs should be determined based on the actual usage of the system. Program Memorandum 99-14 provides additional guidance on the concept of proportionality.
- Where can I get more information on the One Stop system?
The Employment Development Department provides information on the One Stop system. Specific information can be found at California One-Stop Career Centers (PDF).
- Where can I get more information on WIA Title II?
The Adult Education Office provides additional information on WIA Title II. For questions related to specific areas of the state, contact the Adult Education Office at (916) 322-2175 and ask for the regional consultant for your area.
- Is there any guidance on writing an MOU between the
local Board and the Title II provider?
The U.S. Department of Education Program Memorandum 99-14 includes policy information on developing MOUs. The document is located at Adult Education Program Memorandum .
Cliff Moss, Consultant