Skip to main content
California Department of Education Logo

Title III Immigrant Student Demographics


The ESEA, sections 3301(1) and (6) defines immigrant children and youth as individuals who

  • are aged 3 through 21,
  • not born in any state, and
  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years. Section 3301(14) of the ESEA defines State as each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

The California Department of Education conducts an annual data collection of immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools. The data collection is conducted primarily as part of the requirements of Title III of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA).

The California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS) is used to collect the number of immigrant students in local educational agencies (LEAs). Private schools provide their number of immigrant students on the Student National Origin Report (SNOR).

Table I: Title III Funding for Immigrant Students in California 2008-09 to 2015-16
Year No. of Students Per Student Allocation Total Subgrants
2015-16 98,867 $87.31 $8,632,078
2014-15 65,611 $92.98 $6,100,479
2013-14 57,086 $93.32 $5,327,237
2012-13 48,857 $100.00 $4,885,700
2011-12 64,438 $100.00 $6,443,800
2010-11 75,596 $105.00 $7,937,580
2009-10 88,566 $95.00 $8,413,770
2008-09 103,778 $95.00 $9,858,910
Table II: Immigrant Students Ranked by Country of Origin, Fall 2015
Rank Country of Origin Number of Students
1 Mexico 33,873
2 China 13,385
3 Philippines 10,279
4 El Salvador 9,220
5 India 9,062
6 Vietnam 6,130
7 Guatemala 6,007
8 Korea, Republic of 4,100
9 Japan 3,519
10 Honduras 2,856
11 Iraq 2,845
12 Canada 2,287
13 Iran, Islamic Republic of 2,150
14 United Kingdom 1,920
15 Egypt 1,716
16 Russian Federation 1,502
17 Germany 1,458
18 Afghanistan 1,376
19 Armenia 1,359
20 Pakistan 1,307
21 Yemen 1,107
22 Israel 1,070
23 Taiwan Province of China 1,013

Subtotal: 119,541 (82.34%)
All other countries: 25,639 (17.66%)
Grand total: 145,180 (100.00%)

Table III: Immigrant Students Ranked by LEA, Fall 2015
Rank Local Educational Agency Number of Students
1 Los Angeles Unified 15,605
2 San Diego Unified 3,798
3 Irvine Unified 3,750
4 San Francisco Unified 3,535
5 Glendale Unified 2,549
6 Cupertino Union 2,499
7 Oakland Unified 2,480
8 Fremont Unified 2,233
9 Garden Grove Unified 1,949
10 San Juan Unified 1,758
11 Cajon Valley Unified 1,743
12 West Contra Costa Unified 1,280
13 Alhambra Unified 1,208
14 Walnut Valley Unified 1,202
15 Elk Grove Unified 1,071
16 Torrance Unified 1,057
17 Mt. Diablo Unified 1,034
18 Santa Ana Unified 1,031
19 Poway Unified 1,009

Student subtotal: 50,791 (34.98%)
All other LEAs: 94,389 (65.02%)
Grand total: 145,180 (100.00%)

Table IV: Immigrant Students Ranked by County, Fall 2015
Rank County Number of Students
1 Los Angeles 38,014
2 San Diego 14,794
3 Orange 13,776
4 Santa Clara 12,083
5 Alameda 9,554
6 Sacramento 5,320
7 Riverside 5,275
8 San Bernardino 5,227
9 Contra Costa 4,617
10 San Mateo 4,337
11 San Francisco 3,654
12 Fresno 2,818
13 Kern 2,632
14 Ventura 2,270
15 San Joaquin 2,208
16 Monterey 2,014
17 Imperial 1,675
18 Stanislaus 1,558
19 Tulare 1,431
20 Marin 1,282
21 Santa Barbara 1,269
22 Sonoma 1,224
23 Solano 1,073

Student subtotal: 138,105 (95.13%)
All other counties: 7,075 (4.87%)
Grand total: 145,180 (100.00%)

Questions: Geoffrey Ndirangu | gndirang@cde.ca.gov | 916-323-5831 
Last Reviewed: Thursday, August 11, 2016
Related Content
  • Title III Immigrant Education Program
    Information and resources from the California Department of Education about the education of Immigrant students through the Title III federal program.
Recently Posted in English Learners