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Title III Immigrant Student Demographics


The Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), sections 3201(1) and (5) defines immigrant children and youth as individuals who

  • are aged 3 through 21,
  • were not born in any state, and
  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years. Section 3201(13) of the ESSA defines State as each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

The California Department of Education conducts an annual data collection of immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools. The data collection is conducted primarily as part of the requirements of Title III of the ESSA.

The California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS) is used to collect the number of immigrant students in local educational agencies (LEAs). Private schools provide their number of immigrant students on the Student National Origin Report (SNOR).

Table I: Title III Funding for Immigrant Students in California 2008-09 to 2016-17
Year No. of Students Per Student Allocation Total Subgrants
2016-17 117,386 $86.45 $10,148,028
2015-16 98,867 $87.31 $8,632,078
2014-15 65,609 $92.95 $6,100,293
2013-14 57,086 $93.32 $5,327,237
2012-13 48,857 $100.00 $4,885,700
2011-12 64,438 $100.00 $6,443,800
2010-11 75,596 $105.00 $7,937,580
2009-10 88,566 $95.00 $8,413,770
2008-09 103,778 $95.00 $9,858,910
Table II: Immigrant Students Ranked by Country of Origin, Fall 2016
Rank Country of Origin Number of Students
1 Mexico 36,913
2 China 14,651
3 El Salvador 12,827
4 India 10,789
5 Philippines 10,342
6 Guatemala 8,150
7 Viet Nam 6,746
8 Korea, Republic of 3,880
9 Japan 3,605
10 Honduras 3,429
11 Iraq 2,476
12 Afghanistan 2,434
13 Canada 2,359
14 United Kingdom 2,045
15 Iran, Islamic Republic of 2,020
16 Russian Federation 1,674
17 Egypt 1,581
18 Armenia 1,527
19 Germany 1,472
20 Yemen 1,453
21 Pakistan 1,414
22 Syrian Arab Republic 1,393
23 Israel 1,241
24 Brazil 1,230
25 Taiwan, Province of China 1,113
26 Ukraine 1,030
27 France 1,000

Subtotal: 138,794 (85.44%)
All other countries: 23,647 (14.56%)
Grand total: 162,441 (100.00%)

Table III: Immigrant Students Ranked by LEA, Fall 2016
Rank Local Educational Agency Number of Students
1 Los Angeles Unified 18,839
2 Irvine Unified 4,264
3 San Diego Unified 4,164
4 San Francisco Unified 3,746
5 Cupertino Union 2,704
6 Fremont Unified 2,691
7 Oakland Unified 2,609
8 Garden Grove Unified 2,154
9 San Juan Unified 2,122
10 Glendale Unified 2,023
11 Cajon Valley Unified 1,713
12 West Contra Costa Unified 1,621
13 Santa Clara Unified 1,366
14 Elk Grove Unified 1,292
15 Alhambra Unified 1,252
16 Santa Ana Unified 1,216
17 Mt. Diablo Unified 1,160
18 Torrance Unified 1.138
19 Capistrano Unified 1,134
20 Sweetwater Union High 1,114
21 Riverside Unified 1,027
22 Walnut Valley Unified 1,020

Student subtotal: 60,369 (37.16%)
All other LEAs: 102,072 (62.84%)
Grand total: 162,441 (100.00%)

Table IV: Immigrant Students Ranked by County, Fall 2016
Rank County Number of Students
1 Los Angeles 42,942
2 San Diego 15,806
3 Orange 15,447
4 Santa Clara 13,649
5 Alameda 11,126
6 Sacramento 6,821
7 Riverside 6,174
8 San Bernardino 5,561
9 Contra Costa 5,367
10 San Mateo 4,460
11 San Francisco 3,875
12 Fresno 3,371
13 San Joaquin 2,488
14 Ventura 2,443
15 Kern 2,327
16 Stanislaus 1,974
17 Monterey 1,964
18 Santa Barbara 1,615
19 Tulare 1,610
20 Imperial 1.596
21 Marin 1,348
22 Sonoma 1,326
23 Solano 1,200
24 Merced 1,029

Student subtotal: 155,519 (95.74%)
All other counties: 6,922 (4.26%)
Grand total: 162,441 (100.00%)

Questions: Geoffrey Ndirangu | gndirang@cde.ca.gov | 916-323-5831 
Last Reviewed: Wednesday, July 26, 2017
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