Organization of the Glossary
The glossary is divided into three sections that correspond to each sub-report of the 2004–05 Academic Performance Index (API) Growth Report. Terms in each section are listed in the order in which they appear on the sub-report for a school or local educational agency (LEA). An LEA is a school district or county office of education.
Detailed information about the calculation of the API is located in the 2004–05 Academic Performance Index Growth Report Information Guide.
The API is the centerpiece of the state academic accountability system in California public education. The Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA) of 1999 (Chapter 3, Statutes of 1999) requires that the California Department of Education (CDE) annually calculate APIs for California public schools, including charter schools, and publish school rankings based on these APIs. The PSAA requires the establishment of a minimum 5 percent annual API growth target for each school as well as an overall statewide API performance target for all schools.
The API is also used in federal academic accountability requirements as an additional indicator for measuring Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) under Title I of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001. As a result, LEAs also receive API reports. To demonstrate progress on the API in 2005 for NCLB purposes, an LEA or school must have a 2005 API Growth score of at least 590 or make at least one point of growth from the 2004 API Base score.
Each annual API reporting cycle includes two reports: a base report, which appears after the first of the calendar year, and a growth report, which appears after school starts in the fall. This pair of reports is based on APIs calculated in exactly the same fashion with the same indicators but using test results from two different years. The 2004 API Base Report and 2004–05 API Growth Report comprise the sixth API reporting cycle.