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2006–07 APR Glossary-Growth API

Glossary of terms for the Growth API section of the 2007 Growth API Report.

This glossary defines key terms shown on the school, local educational agency (LEA), or state Growth API section of the 2007 Growth Academic Performance Index (API) Report, which is part of the 2006–07 Accountability Progress Reporting (APR) system. Terms described below are listed in the order in which they appear in the headings on the 2007 Growth API Report. More detailed information may be found in the 2007 Growth Academic Performance Index Report Information Guide.

State Accountability: Academic Performance Index (API)

State legislation, the Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA) of 1999 (Chapter 3, Statutes of 1999), established the Academic Performance Index (API), which summarizes a school's or local educational agency's (LEA) academic performance and progress on statewide assessments. The API also is used as an additional indicator for federal Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements. (An LEA is a school district or county office of education.)

The reports for the state, for LEAs, and for schools in the Alternative Schools Accountability Model (ASAM) do not currently have growth or target information.

Number of Students Included in the 2007 Growth API

This is the number of students with valid scores that contribute to the school's, an LEA's, or state's 2007 Growth API. It is possible for a student to have test results contributing to the component score in one content area and not another. For example, if a student did not receive a test score in English-language arts (ELA), but did receive a score in mathematics, the student's mathematics results can still be included in the API score.

API

2007 Growth API

The 2007 Growth API summarizes a school's, an LEA's, or the state's performance on the 2007 Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Program and 2007 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE) tests. The API is on a scale of 200 to 1000. The 2007 Growth API is based on the performance of individual students on the following tests administered in spring 2007:

  • California English-Language Arts and Mathematics Standards Tests (CSTs in ELA and mathematics), grades two through eleven
  • California Science Standards Test (CST in science), grades five, eight, and nine through eleven
  • California Life Science Standards Test (CST in life science), grade ten
  • California History-Social Science Standards Test (CST in history-social science), grades eight, ten, and eleven
  • California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA) in English-language arts (ELA) and mathematics for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities, grades two through eleven
  • California Achievement Tests, Sixth Edition Survey (CAT/6 Survey), in reading, language, spelling, and mathematics, grades three and seven
  • California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE), in ELA and mathematics, grade ten (and grades eleven and twelve if the student retook either part of the CAHSEE and passed that part) 

In addition, APIs also are calculated for numerically significant student subgroups at a school to ascertain whether the school meets the "comparable improvement" criterion.

The 2007 Growth API was calculated in the same manner as the 2006 Base API.

2006 Base API

The 2006 Base API score summarizes a school's, an LEA's, or the state's performance on the 2006 STAR Program tests and on the 2006 CAHSEE.

2006–07 Growth Target

This item is for school reports only. The state PSAA growth target requirements are shown in the following table:

School or
Subgroup
2006 Base API
2006-07 Growth Target
200 - 690
5 percent of the difference between the Base API and the statewide performance target of 800
691 - 795
gain of 5 points
796
gain of 4 points
797
gain of 3 points
798
gain of 2 points
799
gain of 1 point
800 or more
must maintain an API of at least 800
2006–07 Growth

The 2006–07 API Growth is calculated by subtracting the 2006 Base API from the 2007 Growth API.

Met Growth Target

Schoolwide

This item is for school reports only. A school met its schoolwide growth target if its 2006–07 Growth is at or above its 2006–07 Growth Target. LEAs and ASAM schools do not have growth targets.

Comparable Improvement (CI)

This item is for school reports only. Schools met the Comparable Improvement target if all numerically significant subgroups at the school met their API subgroup targets. The growth target for a subgroup is calculated in the same way as the target for a school. LEAs and ASAM schools do not have targets for meeting comparable improvement requirements. For a full description of targets, see the section on "2006–07 Growth Target."

Both Schoolwide and Comparable Improvement (CI)

This item is for school reports only. This item indicates whether or not the school met both its schoolwide growth target and its comparable improvement growth target (i.e., each numerically significant subgroup met its subgroup growth target).

Met Subgroup Growth Target

This item is for school reports only. This item indicates whether or not the numerically significant subgroup met its growth target.

Similar Schools

Similar Schools

The similar schools rank indicates the decile rank of a school's API compared with the APIs of 100 other schools with similar demographic characteristics. The similar schools ranks allow schools to look at their academic performance compared to other schools with some of the same opportunities and challenges.

Median API

This item is for school reports only. The median values for the 2007 Growth API and 2006 Base API were calculated using all 100 schools in this school's 2006 similar schools group. This comparison group was based on the following characteristics:

  • Pupil mobility
  • Pupil ethnicity
  • Pupil socioeconomic status
  • Percentage of teachers who are fully credentialed
  • Percentage of teachers who hold emergency credentials
  • Percentage of pupils who are English learners
  • Average class size per grade level
  • Whether the schools operate multitrack year-round educational programs
  • Grade span enrollments (grades two, six, seven to eight, and nine to eleven)
  • Students in Gifted and Talented Education program
  • Students with disabilities
  • Reclassified fluent-English-proficient (RFEP) students
  • Migrant education students

To derive a complete listing of the 100 similar schools for a school, click on the Median API score headings (either "2007 Growth" or "2006 Base").

Subgroups

Number of Students Included in the 2007 API

This is the number of students with valid STAR Program scores that contribute to the subgroup's 2007 Growth API. It is possible for a student to have test results contributing to the component score in one content area and not another. For example, if a student did not receive a test score in ELA, but did receive a score in mathematics, the student's mathematics results can still be included in the API score.

Numerically Significant Subgroups

A numerically significant subgroup for the API is defined as:

  • 100 or more students with valid STAR Program scores

    OR
  • 50 or more students with valid STAR Program scores who make up at least 15 percent of the total valid STAR Program scores
Subgroup Definitions

Ethnic/racial subgroups include:

  • African American (not of Hispanic origin)
  • American Indian or Alaska Native
  • Asian
  • Filipino
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Pacific Islander
  • White (not of Hispanic origin)

"Socioeconomically disadvantaged" is defined as:

  • A student whose parents both have not received a high school diploma

    OR
  • A student who participates in the free or reduced-price lunch program, also known as the National School Lunch Program (NSLP)

"English Learners" are defined as:

  • English learners (ELs)

    OR
  • Reclassified fluent-English-proficient (RFEP) students who have not scored at the proficient level or above on the CST in ELA for three years after being reclassified

A "student with disabilities" is defined as:

  • A student who receives special education services and has a valid disability code on the student answer document

These data are based on the results of the spring 2007 STAR Program administration student answer document. A student who is a member of the socioeconomically disadvantaged, English learner, and/or disability subgroup is also a member of one of the racial/ethnic subgroups. Therefore, it is possible that the total percentage of students in all numerically significant subgroups at a school, LEA, or the state may exceed 100.

Subgroup API

2007 Growth

The 2007 Growth API summarizes a subgroup's performance on the spring 2007 STAR Program and 2007 CAHSEE.

2006 Base

The 2006 Base API summarizes a subgroup's performance on the spring 2006 STAR Program and 2006 CAHSEE. It serves as the baseline score, or starting point, of performance of that subgroup.

2006–07 Growth Target (Comparable Improvement for Subgroups)

This item is for school reports only. In May 2006, the SBE revised the API growth targets for subgroups beginning with the 2006 Base API reports. The state PSAA growth target requirements are shown in the following table:

School or
Subgroup
2006 Base API
2006–07 Growth Target
200 - 690
5 percent of the difference between the Base API and the statewide performance target of 800
691 - 795
gain of 5 points
796
gain of 4 points
797
gain of 3 points
798
gain of 2 points
799
gain of 1 point
800 or more
must maintain an API of at least 800
2006–07 Growth

This item is for school reports only. The subgroup's 2006–07 Growth is calculated by subtracting its 2006 Base API from its 2007 Growth API.

Met Subgroup Growth Target

This item is for school reports only. A subgroup met its growth target if its 2006–07 Growth is at or above its 2006–07 Growth Target.

Questions: Academic Accountability Team | aau@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0863 
Last Reviewed: Thursday, May 5, 2016

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