This glossary defines key terms shown on the Summary Report, which is the overview page of the 2006–07 Accountability Progress Reporting (APR) system. Terms described below are listed in the order in which they appear on the Summary Report.
State legislation, the Public Schools Accountability Act (PSAA) of 1999 (Chapter 3, Statutes of 1999), established the Academic Performance Index (API), which summarizes a school's or local educational agency's (LEA) academic performance and progress on statewide assessments. The API also is used as an additional indicator for federal Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) requirements. (An LEA is a school district or county office of education.)
The 2006 Base API summarizes a school's, an LEA's, or the state's performance on the spring 2006 Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Program testing and 2006 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE). It serves as the baseline score, or starting point, of performance.
The 2007 Growth API summarizes a school's, an LEA's, or the state's performance on the spring 2007 STAR Program testing and 2007 CAHSEE. It is compared to the 2006 Base API to determine growth in the API from 2006 to 2007.
The 2006 Base API is subtracted from the 2007 Growth API to determine how much the school or LEA grew between 2006 and 2007 testing. This number is also referred to as 2006–07 API Growth, included in the 2007 Growth API Report.
This item is for school reports only. This item shows whether the school met the state API growth targets schoolwide, met comparable improvement targets, and met both schoolwide targets and comparable improvement targets. Meeting comparable improvement targets means that the school met the API growth targets for all numerically significant subgroups at the school.
A "Yes" means that the school met its 2006–07 API growth target, and a "No" means it did not. An "N/A" means that the growth and growth target could not be determined because (1) the school did not have a valid 2006 Base API, (2) the school had significant demographic changes between testing years, (3) the school was in the Alternative Schools Accountability Model (ASAM), or (4) the API was considered to be invalid for other reasons or was not calculated due to missing data. LEAs and ASAM schools do not have growth targets and will not have these items on their reports.
The state PSAA growth target requirements are shown in the following table:
|School or Subgroup
2006 Base API
|2006–07 Growth Target|
200 - 690
|5 percent of the difference between the Base API and the statewide performance target of 800|
691 - 795
|gain of 5 points|
|gain of 4 points|
|gain of 3 points|
|gain of 2 points|
|gain of 1 point|
800 or more
|must maintain an API of at least 800|
The API is used in both state and federal academic accountability targets. The state PSAA targets for the API, shown in the previous table, differ from the federal targets. The NCLB federal targets for the API are described in API - Additional Indicator for AYP under "Federal Accountability: Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)."
Note: On the statewide Summary Report, the state's API is calculated in the same way as the API for a school or LEA except that the mobility exclusion does not apply. All students taking the 2006 or 2007 assessments, therefore, are included in the state's API, with the exception of English learners who were first enrolled in U.S. schools for less than a year.
The federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 requires that California determine whether or not each public school and LEA is making Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP).
This item indicates whether the school or LEA made AYP for 2007. The possible values are "Yes" or "No." The report for a school or an LEA displays a "Yes" only if the school or LEA met all of its AYP criteria for 2007, including requirements for numerically significant subgroups. "No" means results for at least one or more criteria were below the 2007 targets.
AYP criteria encompass four areas: participation rate, percent proficient (also referred to as Annual Measurable Objectives or AMOs), API as an additional indicator for AYP, and graduation rate. Each of these four areas has specific requirements. Participation rate and percent proficient criteria must be met in both English-language arts (ELA) and in mathematics.
"Yes" in a column means that all criteria for the area were met. "No" in a column means one or more criteria for the area were not met. "Yes by Appeal" in a column means the school or LEA met the criteria based on approval of its appeal. If Graduation Rate shows "N/A," it means the school or LEA did not have students enrolled in grades nine through twelve.
The Participation Rate is the rate at which students participated in the assessments used to determine the percentage of students at or above the proficient level in ELA and mathematics. The assessments used were the 2007 California Standards Tests (CSTs), grades two through eight; 2007 California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA), grades two through eight and ten; and the 2007 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE), grade ten. The participation rate target is 95 percent.
Schools, LEAs, and numerically significant subgroups must meet percent proficient targets (or AMOs) in ELA and mathematics on the assessments used in AYP calculations. The assessments used were the 2007 California Standards Tests (CSTs), grades two through eight; 2007 California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA), grades two through eight and ten; and the 2007 California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE), grade ten.
The API is used to meet part of the federal AYP requirements under NCLB. The federal API requirements differ from the state API requirements. Under federal requirements, a school or LEA must have a minimum 2007 Growth API of 590 OR have at least one point growth in the API from 2006 to 2007 in addition to meeting the other federal AYP targets (participation rate, percent proficient, and graduation rate) in order to make AYP for 2007.
The Graduation Rate calculation corresponds to the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES) four-year completion rate. This rate includes information on high school graduates and high school dropouts aggregated over a four-year period. To meet the 2007 graduation rate criteria for AYP, a school or LEA must have a graduation rate of at least 82.9 percent, OR improvement in the graduation rate of at least 0.1 from the previous year, OR improvement in the graduation rate of at least 0.2 in the average two-year rate. Graduation rates are calculated and displayed on the 2007 AYP Report with as few as one student in grades nine through twelve.
The federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 requires schools and LEAs receiving Title I funds to be identified for PI if AYP criteria are not met for two consecutive years.
PI is a formal designation for Title I-funded schools and LEAs that do not make AYP for two consecutive years. A Title I school becomes PI if it does not make AYP for two consecutive years in the same content area (ELA or mathematics) or on the same indicator (API or graduation rate). An LEA becomes PI if it does not make AYP in the same content area (ELA or mathematics) and does not meet AYP criteria in the same content area in each grade span (grades two through five, grades six through eight, and grade ten) or it does not make AYP on the same indicator (API or graduation rate). A "Yes" in this column indicates that the school or LEA is Title I-funded and identified for PI. A "No" in this column indicates the school or LEA is Title I-funded but not identified for PI. "Not Receiving Title I Funds" means the school or LEA does not receive Title I funds and would not have a PI Report.