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2011–12 APR Glossary-AYP Report

Glossary of terms of the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Report section of the 2012 AYP Report.

This glossary defines key terms shown on the school, local educational agency (LEA), or state AYP Report section of the 2012 Adequate Yearly Progress Report, which is part of the 2011–12 Accountability Progress Reporting (APR) system. Terms described below are listed in the order in which they appear on this section of the 2012 AYP Report. The 2011–12 APR results are based on the 2011–12 assessment, except where noted. More detailed information may be found in the 2012 Adequate Yearly Progress Report Information Guide.

Federal Accountability: Adequate Yearly Progress

The federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) requires that California determine whether or not each public school and LEA is making Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP). (An LEA is a school district or county office of education [COE].)

Made AYP

This item indicates whether a school, an LEA, or the state made AYP. The possible values are "Yes," or "No." The report displays a "Yes" only if the school, LEA, or state met all of its AYP criteria, including requirements for numerically significant student groups. "No" means results for at least one or more criteria were below the targets.

Met ___ of its ___ AYP Criteria

This item indicates how many of the AYP criteria were met. Depending on the number of numerically significant student groups, a school or an LEA may be required to meet up to 50 AYP criteria (24 for participation rate, 24 for percent proficient, 1 for API, and 1 for graduation rate). An "N/A" or "--" is not counted as one of the AYP criteria.

California Alternate Performance Assessment

This item is for LEA and state reports only. The California Alternate Performance Assessment (CAPA) is a standards-based test for students with significant cognitive disabilities who are unable to take the California Standards Tests (CSTs), even with modifications. An LEA or state receiving Title I funds must meet federal regulations limiting the percentage to 1.0 percent of students whose alternate assessment scores on the CAPA can be counted as proficient or above in English-language arts (ELA) and mathematics in AYP calculations.

The Percent Proficient and Above column displays the percentage for determining if the LEA or the state is above the CAPA 1.0 percent cap. A "Yes" in the "Above 1.0" column indicates above the 1.0 percent cap, and a "No" indicates not above the cap. The following possible values may occur under the "Exception Approved" column:

California Modified Assessment

This item is for LEA and state reports only. The California Modified Assessment (CMA) is a standards-based test for students with disabilities who have an individualized education program (IEP) and meet the eligibility criteria adopted by the State Board of Education. An LEA or state receiving Title I funds has a limit, under federal regulations, on the percentage of students whose assessment scores on the CMA can be counted as proficient or above in ELA and mathematics for AYP calculations.

The "Percent Proficient and Above" column displays the percentage for determining if the LEA or the state is above the CMA percent cap. The "Cap" column indicates the CMA percent cap, which may exceed 2.0 percent depending on the percent proficient and above on CAPA. The following possible values may occur under the "Above Cap" column:

Participation Rate

The participation rate is the rate at which students participated in the assessments used to determine the percentage of students at or above the proficient level in ELA and mathematics. The assessments used were the CSTs, grades two through eight; CMA, grades three through eight; CAPA, grades two through eight and ten; and the California High School Exit Examination (CAHSEE), grade ten. The participation rate target is 95 percent.

Met all Participation Rate Criteria

"Yes" means all participation rate criteria (schoolwide, LEA-wide, or statewide as well as for all numerically significant student groups) were met for a content area (ELA or mathematics). "Yes by Appeal" means all participation rate criteria were met for a content area based on the approval of an appeal. "No" means one or more criteria were not met.

Student Groups

Under ESEA, not only schools, LEAs, and the state as a whole must meet AYP requirements but also numerically significant student groups within those schools, LEAs, and the state.   

A student group is defined as numerically significant for participation rate if it has 100 or more students enrolled or 50 or more students enrolled who make up at least 15 percent of the total enrollment on the first day of testing. 

A student group is defined as numerically significant for percent proficient if it has 100 or more students with valid scores or 50 or more students with valid scores who make up at least 15 percent of the total valid scores.

A school or an LEA with fewer than 100 students enrolled on the first day of testing or fewer than 100 valid scores has no numerically significant student groups for that indicator for AYP purposes.

The student groups for AYP include:

A student who is a member of the socioeconomically disadvantaged, EL, and/or disability group is also a member of one of the race and ethnicity groups. Therefore, it is possible that the total percentage of students in all numerically significant student groups at a school may exceed 100.

Enrollment First Day of Testing

This item is the total number of students enrolled in grades two through eight and grade ten for a content area (ELA and mathematics). These data are based on demographic data gathered from the Standardized Testing and Reporting (STAR) Program and CAHSEE administrations.

Number of Students Tested

This item is the number of students in grades two through eight and grade ten who took the statewide assessments for a content area (ELA and mathematics). The Number of Students Tested is used in determining the participation rate.

Participation Rate

This item refers to the Participation Rate, which is the Number of Students Tested divided by the Enrollment First Day of Testing for a content area (ELA and mathematics). 

Met 2012 AYP Criteria

For the participation rate in a content area (ELA and mathematics), the possible values are:

Yes = Met the criterion
No   = Did not meet criterion
—    = Not applicable

The criteria are applied schoolwide, LEA-wide, statewide, and to student groups.

Note: LEA Grade Span reports were provided for 2011 and for 2012. The 2011 LEA Grade Span reports show whether 2011 AYP criteria were met, and the 2012 LEA Grade Span reports show whether 2012 AYP criteria were met.

Alternative Method

This item indicates that AYP results were not calculated using the standard methodology. Most schools, LEAs, the state, and student groups have a blank in this column, which indicates the use of a standard methodology. Only alternative methods are indicated in the column. These methods were applied in cases of limited test results or demographic data in the grade levels tested.

The original data for the school, an LEA, the state, or student groups are shown on the AYP Report, even though the alternative method is used as the criterion, unless the school, LEA, state, or student groups had no results for enrollment, valid scores, and/or graduation rate. In those cases, the alternative data are shown on the report.

Percent Proficient – Annual Measurable Objectives

Schools, LEAs, the state, and numerically significant student groups must meet percent proficient targets (or Annual Measurable Objectives [AMOs]) in ELA and mathematics on the assessments used in AYP calculations. The assessments used were the CSTs, grades two through eight; CMA, grades three through eight; CAPA, grades two through eight and ten; and CAHSEE, grade ten.

Met All Percent Proficient Criteria

"Yes" means all percent proficient criteria (schoolwide, LEA-wide, statewide, as well as for all numerically significant student groups) were met for a content area (ELA and mathematics).  "Yes by Appeal" means all percent proficient criteria were met for a content area based on approval of an appeal.  "No" means one or more criteria were not met. 

Groups

Same as "Student Groups" that are described above.

Valid Scores

This item is the number of students with test results who have been continuously enrolled in the school, LEA, state, or student group for a content area (ELA and mathematics). Continuous enrollment is when a student is enrolled at the same school from October 2011 California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS) Fall Census Day through the first day of STAR/CAHSEE testing without a break in enrollment of more than 30 consecutive calendar days. Enrollment data are taken from CALPADS and the first day of STAR Program testing data are taken from the 2012 STAR Program student answer documents.

Number At or Above Proficient

This item is the number of students with valid scores at or above the proficient level of performance for a content area (ELA and mathematics).

Percent At or Above Proficient

This item is the Number At or Above Proficient divided by Valid Scores.

Met 2012 AYP Criteria

For the percent proficient in a content area (ELA and mathematics), the possible values are:

Yes = Met the criterion
No   = Did not meet criterion
—    = Not applicable

The criteria are applied schoolwide, LEA-wide, statewide, and to numerically significant student groups. Because of concerns for student confidentiality, the number and percentage of students at or above proficient are not shown for a school, an LEA, or student group if the number of valid scores is less than 11.

Note: LEA Grade Span reports were provided for the prior and current year. The Grade Span reports show whether AYP criteria were met the prior and current year.

Alternative Method

Same as "Alternative Method" that is described above.

Academic Performance Index – Additional Indicator for AYP

This item shows whether the school, an LEA, or state met the federal target for the API. The API is used to meet part of the federal AYP requirements under ESEA. A school, an LEA, or the state must have a minimum API of 740 or have at least one point growth in the API in addition to meeting the other federal AYP targets (participation rate, percent proficient, and graduation rate) in order to make AYP for 2012. The federal API requirements differ from the state API requirements.

2011 Base API

The 2011 Base API summarizes a school's, an LEA's, or the state's performance on the spring 2011 STAR Program and 2011 CAHSEE. It serves as the baseline score, or starting point, of performance.

2012 Growth API

The 2012 Growth API summarizes a school's, an LEA's, or the state's performance on the spring 2012 STAR Program and 2012 CAHSEE. It is compared to the 2011 Base API to determine growth in the API.

2011–12 API Growth

The 2011 Base API is subtracted from the 2012 Growth API to determine how much the API grew between 2011 testing and 2012 testing, also referred to as 2011–12 API growth.

Met 2012 API Criteria

"Yes" in this column means that API criteria for AYP were met. "Yes by Appeal" in this column means that the criteria were met based on an approved appeal. "No" in this column means that the criteria were not met. "N/A" means the data were not applicable, i.e., the school or LEA had fewer than 50 valid scores.

Alternative Method

Same as "Alternative Method" that is described above.

Graduation Rate Goal: 90 Percent

A school or an LEA with grade twelve enrollment and at least one graduate in the cohort must meet one of three graduation rate targets to make AYP: (1) a graduation rate of at least 90.00, (2) a fixed growth target rate, or (3) a variable growth target rate. The fixed and variable growth target rates are unique to each school and LEA rather than a standard target rate for all, as was required in the past. The AYP targets for graduation rate increase until 2019 if the school or LEA has a graduation rate below 90 percent. The AYP report for a school or LEA displays a single minimum target graduation rate, which is the lower of the two rates (fixed or variable).

Based on federal regulations, all states are required to use a four-year cohort graduation rate beginning in 2012 to make AYP determinations. All LEAs, schools, and numerically significant student groups are required to meet their 2012 graduation rate targets in order to make AYP. For 2012 AYP, the graduation rate target was established by subtracting the 2009–10 four-year cohort rate from the 90 percent goal and dividing that number by eight (the number of years remaining before the 2019 AYP).

2011 Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate (Class of 2009–10)

This item is the four-year cohort graduation rate for 2011 AYP, which is based on data from the Class of 2009–10.

2012 Four-Year Cohort Graduation Rate (Class of 2010–11)

This item is the four-year cohort graduation rate for 2012 AYP, which is based on data from the Class of 2010–11.

2012 Target Graduation Rate

The 2012 target graduation rate is 90 percent for a school or an LEA that had a 2011 graduation rate of 90 percent or more. The 2012 target graduation rate for all other schools and LEAs is determined after calculating their fixed and variable growth targets. A school's or LEA's 2012 fixed or variable growth target is added to its 2011 graduation rate to obtain its 2012 target graduation rate. For the 2012 AYP, the fixed and variable target rates are the same. Further explanation of targets is described under the "Graduation Rate Criteria."

2012 Graduation Rate Criteria Met

"Yes" in this column means that graduation rate criteria for AYP were met. "Yes Met on Appeal" (YMA) in this column means that the criteria were met based on an approved appeal. "No" in this column means that the criteria were not met. "N/A" means that the school or LEA is not required to meet the graduation rate criteria because it either (1) did not have grade twelve enrollment, graduation, or dropout data or (2) had fewer than 50 students in the graduation rate denominator (graduates plus dropouts).(See also "Alternative Method.")

2013 Target (Class of 2011–12)

The graduation rate target is unique for each LEA, school, and student group. The 2013 target graduation rate is determined after calculating the fixed and variable growth targets. An LEA's, school's, or student group's 2013 fixed or variable growth target is added to its 2010–11 cohort graduation rate to obtain its 2013 target graduation rate. The AYP report displays the minimum 2013 target graduation rate, which is the lower of the two rates (fixed or variable). For 2013, the fixed and growth targets are the same.

Alternative Method and Special Condition Codes for Exclusion

An alternative method or special condition code for graduation rate indicates one of the following:

CA = County-wide average was used

DA = District average was used

NG12 = Graduation rate was not calculated because the school or LEA with grade twelve students did not have grade twelve enrollment, graduation, or dropout data in one or both years; the "Graduation Rate Criteria Met" column shows an "N/A" to indicate that graduation rate is not applicable for the school or LEA

U50 = Graduation rate was not calculated because the school or LEA with grade twelve students had fewer then 50 students in the graduation rate denominator (graduates plus dropouts) in one or both years; the "Graduation Rate Criteria Met" column shows an "N/A" to indicate that graduation rate is not applicable for the school or LEA

Number of Students in Cohort

The number of students who entered grade nine for the first time in 2007–08 from the cohort for the graduating class of 2010–11, plus students who transfer in to the cohort, minus the students who transferred to another school that offers a high school diploma, emigrated to another county, or died during the years covered by the cohort rate.

Numerically Significant

The student group must have 50 or more students in the graduation rate denominator (graduates plus dropouts).

Number of Graduates

The number of students that graduated within four years of entering their four-year cohort with a regular high school diploma.

Cohort Rate (Class of 2010–11)

This is the graduation rate for the 2011 AYP. Number of first-time grade nine students in the class of 2007–08 plus students that transferred into the cohort, minus students who transferred out, emigrate, or died during the four-year cohort period (2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11).

Alternative Method and Special Condition Codes for Exclusion

An alternative method or special condition code for graduation rate indicates one of the following:

CA = County-wide average was used

DA = District average was used

NC = Data not certified through California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System and given a graduation rate of zero

NG12 = Graduation rate was not calculated because the school or LEA did not have grade twelve enrollment, graduation, or dropout data in one or both years; the "Graduation Rate Criteria Met" column shows an "N/A" to indicate that graduation rate is not applicable for the school or LEA

U50 = Graduation rate was not calculated because the school or LEA with grade twelve students had fewer than 50 students in the graduation rate denominator (graduates plus dropouts) in one or both years; the "Graduation Rate Criteria Met" column shows an "N/A" to indicate that graduation rate is not applicable for the school or LEA

Graduation Rate Criteria

The graduation rate goal for all schools and LEAs is 90 percent. The growth target structure requires all schools and LEAs to meet the 90 percent goal by 2019 AYP. To do this, a school or an LEA with grade twelve enrollment and at least on graduate in the cohort must meet one of three graduation rate targets to make AYP: (1) a graduation rate of at least 90.0, (2) a fixed growth target rate, or (3) a variable growth target rate. The fixed and variable growth target rates are unique to each school and LEA and are determined after calculating a fixed growth target and a variable growth target. Beginning with the 2012 AYP determination, federal regulations require states to use a four-year cohort graduation rate. The 2009–10 four-year cohort graduation rate provides the new baseline for the AYP graduation rate growth targets beginning with the 2012 AYP determinations. For the 2012 AYP, the fixed growth target is the same as the variable growth target.

The fixed growth target is the difference between the school's or LEA's AYP baseline graduation rate (i.e., 2009 graduation rate) and the 90 percent goal divided by the number of years remaining before the 2019 AYP (i.e., 10 years). This difference was used to establish a schedule of ten equal graduation rate targets. The schedule of targets was developed in 2010 to determine the fixed targets for the 2010 and 2011 AYP determination.

The AYP report for a school or an LEA displays a single minimum target graduation rate, which is the lower of the two rates (fixed or variable). More information about the graduation rate criteria for AYP is located on pages 36 through 42 in the 2011 Adequate Yearly Progress Report Information Guide (PDF).

Questions: Academic Accountability Team | aau@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0863 
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