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Federally Reimbursable Snack and Meal Programs

This convenient chart highlights key components of the federally reimbursable snack and meal programs to assist out of school time programs in deciding which meal program is the best fit.

Out of School Time Snack Facts: Federally Reimbursable Snack and Meal Programs

*Refer to Glossary for definition and additional details.

**Additional meals (breakfast, lunch, and/or supper) can be served under the CACFP At-Risk, the CACFP, and the SFSP. For more information, contact the program specialist.

#For more information, visit Child Nutrition Reimbursement Rates.

Criteria NSLP After-School* CACFP "At-Risk"* CACFP* SFSP
Eligible Organization
  • Public or Private Schools/County Offices of Education
  • District in partnership with non-profit CBO*
  • Public or Private Schools/County Offices of Education
  • Non-profit CBO with school partnership
  • Non-profit CBO
  • Governmental Agency
  • For-profit CBO
  • Public or Private Schools/County Offices of Education
  • Non-profit CBO with school partnership
  • Non-profit CBO
  • Governmental Agency
  • For-profit CBO
  • Public or Private Schools/County Offices of Education
  • Non-profit CBO
  • Governmental Agency
  • Tribal Agency
  • Migrant Agency
Ages School-age children age 18 and younger School-age children age 18 and younger School-age children age 12 and younger School-age children age 18 and younger
Food Available Snack Snack/Meal** Snack/Meal** Snack/Meal**
Eligibility* Individual or Site Site Individual Site
Time Period After school After school, weekends, and school holidays After school When school is not in session
Days of Service School days only Generally during school year 365 days per year but generally during school year Generally during summer
Can program contract with vendor?* Yes Yes, especially if no kitchen facilities are available on-site Yes, especially if no kitchen facilities are available on-site Yes
Nutrition Standards
  • Meet snack meal pattern, and
  • Meet EC nutrition standards* (ASES & 21st Century grantees only)
  • Meet snack or supper meal pattern, and
  • Meet EC nutrition standards* (ASES & 21st Century grantees only)
  • Meet snack or supper meal pattern, and
  • Meet EC nutrition standards* (ASES & 21st Century grantees only)
  • Meet snack or meal pattern
    and
  • Meet EC nutrition standards* (ASES & 21st Century grantees only)
Snack Reimbursement Rate (2019-20)# $0.94
(if site is area-eligible)
$0.94 (Snack)
$3.41 (Supper)
3 reimbursement rates (Snack)
3 reimbursement rates (Supper)
$0.9325 - $0.9525 (Snack)
$3.9675 - $4.0325 (Meals)
Monitoring Oversight by Local Program 2 times per year for each site; first review must occur by the fourth week in operation 3 times per year if a sponsoring organization* 3 times per year if a sponsoring organization* 1st week, then by 4th week, then by March 1, and then one in summer
Training Requirement* Annual Annual Annual Annual
Pros/Cons (from ASP* perspective)
  • Less administrative work
  • Less control over snack program
  • More administrative work
  • Meals can be served in addition to snacks
  • More control over snack program
  • More administrative work
  • Meals can be served in addition to snacks
  • More control over snack program
  • Reduced paperwork if operates during summer since snack program can stay the same
  • Meals can be served during school vacation periods of 15 days or more.
Application and Assistance
Nutrition Services Division
800-952-5609

Mia Bertacchi
Child Nutrition Assistant, Northern School Nutrition Programs Unit
mbertacchi@cde.ca.gov

Lori Porter
Child Nutrition Consultant, Southern School Nutrition Programs Unit
lporter@cde.ca.gov

Shakshi Sharma
Program Specialist ShaSharma@cde.ca.gov

Janet Abdelsayed
Program Specialist
jabdelsayed@cde.ca.gov

Barbara Hedges
Child Nutrition Consultant
bhedges@cde.ca.gov

Web Sites

Glossary

Term Definition
ASES After School Education and Safety Programs receive state funding for ASPs (Visit Before and After School [http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/ba/]).
ASP After School Program.
CACFP Child and Adult Care Food Program.
CBO Community Based Organization.
CCNSP Community Child Nutrition Snack Project.
Component

A reimbursable snack must contain full servings of any two of the following four food components. A reimbursable meal must contain full servings of all four components:

  • Fluid Milk - 8 ounces
  • Grain or Bread Product - 1 slice bread (for example)
  • Meat or Meat Alternate - 1 ounce meat (snack); 2 ounces (meal)
  • Fruit, Vegetable, and/or 100% Juice - 3/4 cup (for a meal, at least two different items must be served, totaling 3/4 cup)

For snack, these components may be served in any combination, except that juice may not be served when milk is the only other component. Portion sizes for various age groups can be found in the USDA Food Buying Guide introduction at the USDA Resource Library [https://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/food-buying-guide-for-child-nutrition-programs] External link opens in new window or tab. page.

EC Nutrition Standards Education Code, Chapter 9 of Part 27, Article 2.5, beginning with Section 49430 (ASES &21st Century only): Refer to Education Code 49430-49434 [http://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displaySection.xhtml?sectionNum=49430.&lawCode=EDC] External link opens in new window or tab. for details.
Eligibility Refers to how the after school program qualifies for funding and is reimbursed for the NSLP snack or meal program. Sites that are “area eligible” qualify by being located in a low-income area (50% Free/Reduced-price National School Lunch Program) and receive the highest rate of reimbursement for all snacks/meals served. Snacks served by sites that are not area-eligible are reimbursed based on an individual child’s household income (reference Meal Supplements (Snacks) Under the NSLP [http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/nu/sn/snack.asp]).
For Profit CBO Must be operating an existing CACFP child care center to add an at-risk site. For more information, refer to USDA's At-Risk Afterschool Meals Handbook [https://fns-prod.azureedge.net/sites/default/files/cacfp/atriskguide2016.pdf ] External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
FRAC Afterschool Nutrition Programs Food Research & Action Center is a national nonprofit organization working to eradicate poverty-related hunger and undernutrition in the United States. Visit their Afterschool Nutrition Programs [http://www.frac.org/programs/afterschool-nutrition-programs] External link opens in new window or tab. web page to access resources, including Afterschool Nutrition Standards of Excellence [http://frac.org/wp-content/uploads/afstandards.pdf] External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
POS Point of Service.
NSLP

National School Lunch Program.

SFSP Summer Food Service Program.
Sponsor Local agency that administers a USDA reimbursable meal program.
Training Requirement Sponsor attends annual Nutrition Services Division training.
21st CCLC 21st Century Community Learning Centers receive federal funding for ASPs (reference Before and After School [http://www.cde.ca.gov/ls/ba/]).
Vendors If kitchen facilities are not available on-site, programs usually contract with a vendor. Potential vendors include district school food service departments, community kitchens, food banks, hospitals, other nonprofit organizations, and for-profit companies.

Note: Nutrition standards are "minimum" standards. All ASPs are encouraged to ensure that students receive a variety of foods over the course of a menu planning cycle, especially fresh fruits and vegetables. ASPs may need to budget additional monies above the amounts provided by "reimbursable" programs to meet the quantity needs of their students, particularly for junior high and high school-aged students. These additional foods must also meet the nutrition requirements of the California Education Code for ASES and 21st CCLC funded programs. "Reimbursable snack and meal" funds may count towards the required "match" under the ASES match.

Questions:   Nutrition Services Division | 800-952-5609
Last Reviewed: Tuesday, February 4, 2020
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