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FBMP for Breakfast and Lunch

Food-Based Menu Planning (FBMP) for breakfast and lunch for short and long weeks.

Short and Long Week Calculations
(Rounded down to the nearest 0.5 ounce equivalent [oz. eq] and 0.25 cup)

  • Applies to schools that regularly operate on a shorter or longer weekly cycle.

  • Since the dietary specifications are based on average daily amounts, these are unaffected by varying week lengths (average over length of week, whether consisting of 3 to 7 days).

  • Due to size of weekly vegetable subgroup requirements, the 20 percent adjustment is not practical. Therefore, adjustments are primarily made to the Additional Vegetable category only, which in turn allows increased or decreased offering amounts of any of the subgroups to meet this requirement.

Three Day School Week Meal Component Adjustments

*U.S. Department of Agriculture has lifted the weekly maximums for grains and meat/meat alternates for breakfast and lunch. The daily and weekly minimums for grains and meat/meat alternates still apply. 

 3-day School Week‐ Breakfast Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

3 (1)

3 (1)

3 (1)

Grains (oz. eq)

4-6 (1)*

5-6 (1)*

5.5-6 (1)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

3 (1)

3 (1)

3 (1)


 3-day School Week‐ Lunch Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

1.5 (0.5)

1.5 (0.5)

3 (1)

Vegetables (cups)

2.25 (0.75)

2.25 (0.75)

3 (1)

Dark Green

0.5

0.5

0.5

Red/Orange

0.5

0.5

1

Beans/Peas (Legumes)

0.5

0.5

0.5

Starchy

0.5

0.5

0.5

Other

0.25

0.25

0.5

Additional Vegetable to Reach Total

0

0

0

Grains (oz. eq)

5-5.5 (1)*  

5-6 (1)*   

6-7 (2)*   

Meats/Meat Alternates (oz. eq)

5-6 (1)*   

5.5-6 (1)*   

6-7 (2)*   

Fluid Milk (cups)

3 (1)

3 (1)

3 (1)

 

Four Day School Week Meal Component Adjustment

*U.S. Department of Agriculture has lifted the weekly maximums for grains and meat/meat alternates for breakfast and lunch. The daily and weekly minimums for grains and meat/meat alternates still apply. 

4-day School Week‐ Breakfast Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

4 (1)

4 (1)

4 (1)

Grains (oz. eq)

5.5-8 (1)*

6.5-8 (1)*

7-8 (1)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

4 (1)

4 (1)

4 (1)

4-day School Week‐ Lunch Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

2 (0.5)

2 (0.5)

4 (1)

Vegetables (cups)

3 (0.75)

3 (0.75)

4 (1)

Dark Green

0.5

0.5

0.5

Red/Orange

0.75

0.75

1.25

Beans/Peas (Legumes)

0.5

0.5

0.5

Starchy

0.5

0.5

0.5

Other

0.5

0.5

0.75

Additional Vegetable to Reach Total

0.25

0.25

0.5

Grains (oz. eq)

6.5-7 (1)*   

6.5-8 (1)*

8-9.5 (2)*

Meats/Meat Alternates (oz. eq)

6.5-8 (1)*   

7-8 (1)*

8-9.5 (2)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

4 (1)

4 (1)

4 (1)

 

Six Day School Week Meal Component Adjustments

*U.S. Department of Agriculture has lifted the weekly maximums for grains and meat/meat alternates for breakfast and lunch. The daily and weekly minimums for grains and meat/meat alternates still apply.  

6-day School Week‐ Breakfast Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

6 (1)

6 (1)

6 (1)

Grains (oz. eq)

8.5-12 (1)*  

9.5-12 (1)*

11-12 (1)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

6 (1)

6 (1)

6 (1)

6-day School Week‐ Lunch Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

3 (0.5)

3(0.5)

6 (1)

Vegetables (cups)

4.5 (0.75)

4.5 (0.75)

6 (1)

Dark Green

0.5

0.5

0.5

Red/Orange

0.75

0.75

1.25

Beans/Peas (Legumes)

0.5

0.5

0.5

Starchy

0.5

0.5

0.5

Other

0.5

0.5

0.75

Additional Vegetable to Reach Total

1.75

1.75

2.5

Grains (oz. eq)

9.5-11 (1)*   

9.5-12 (1)*

12-14.5 (2)*

Meats/Meat Alternates (oz. eq)

9.5-12 (1)*  

11-12 (1)*

12-14.5 (2)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

6 (1)

6 (1)

6 (1)

 

Seven Day School Week Meal Component Adjustments

*U.S. Department of Agriculture has lifted the weekly maximums for grains and meat/meat alternates for breakfast and lunch.  The daily and weekly minimums for grains and meat/meat alternates still apply. The maximums are used as a guide for menu planning purposes only.

7-day School Week‐ Breakfast Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

7 (1)

7 (1)

7 (1)

Grains (oz. eq)

10-14 (1)*

11-14 (1)*

12.5-14 (1)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

7 (1)

7 (1)

7 (1)

7-day School Week‐ Lunch Grades K–5
Weekly (daily)
Grades 6–8
Weekly (daily)
Grades 9–12
Weekly (daily)

Fruits (cups)

3.5 (0.5)

3.5 (0.5)

7 (1)

Vegetables (cups)

5.25 (0.75)

5.25 (0.75)

7 (1)

Dark Green

0.5

0.5

0.5

Red/Orange

0.75

0.75

1.25

Beans/Peas (Legumes)

0.5

0.5

0.5

Starchy

0.5

0.5

0.5

Other

0.5

0.5

0.75

Additional Vegetable to Reach Total

2.5

2.5

3.5

Grains (oz. eq)

11-12.5 (1)*

11-14 (1)*

14-17 (2)*

Meats/Meat Alternates (oz. eq)

11-14 (1)*

12.5-14 (1)*

14-17 (2)*

Fluid Milk (cups)

7 (1)

7 (1)

7 (1)

 

Adapted from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Short and Long Week Calculations.

Questions:   Nutrition Services Division | 800-952-5609
Last Reviewed: Monday, December 9, 2019
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