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Title III Immigrant Student Demographics

Data collected about immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools.

The California Department of Education conducts an annual data collection of immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools. The data collection is conducted as part of the requirements of Title III under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Sections 3201(1) and (5) define immigrant children and youth as individuals who

  • are aged 3 through 21,
  • were not born in any state, and
  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years. Section 3201(13) of the ESSA defines State as each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

Local educational agencies report the number of immigrant students via the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System. Private schools report the number of immigrant students via the Student National Origin Report.

Table I: Title III Funding for Immigrant Students in California 2014–15 to 2020–21
CALPADS Collection Funding Year Number of Students in Title III Programs Per-Student Allocation Total Title III Funding
Fall 2019 2020–21 73,318 $110.95 $8,134,632
Fall 2018 2019–20 88,423 $100.42 $8,879,426
Fall 2017 2018–19 115,646 $98.35 $11,373,797
Fall 2016 2017–18 113,280 $96.45 $10,925,860
Fall 2015 2016–17 117,386 $86.45 $10,148,028
Fall 2014 2015–16 98,867 $87.31 $8,632,078
Fall 2013 2014–15 65,609 $92.95 $6,100,293
Table II: Countries of Origin ranking by number of Immigrant Students, Fall 2020
Rank Country of Origin Number of Students

1

Mexico

32,631

2

Guatemala

15,186

3

El Salvador

11,303

4

India

10,106

5

China

9,768

6

Philippines

7,691

7

Viet Nam

6,449

8

Afghanistan

6,378

9

Honduras

5,502

10

Korea, Republic of

3,236

11

Japan

3,026

12

Brazil

1,961

13

Canada

1,845

14

Armenia

1,813

15

Russian Federation

1,811

16

United Kingdom

1,408

17

Egypt

1,291

18

Ukraine

1,278

19

Taiwan, Province of China

1,097

20

Yemen

1,085

21

Colombia

1,050

22

Pakistan

1,028

23

Israel

997

24

Iran, Islamic Republic of

916

25

Germany

904

26

Nigeria

904

Subtotal: 130,664 (86.01%)
All other countries: 21,256 (13.99%)
Grand total: 151,920 (100.00%)

Table III: Local Educational Agencies ranked by number of Immigrant Students, Fall 2020
Rank Local Educational Agency Number of Students

1

Los Angeles Unified

20,575

2

Irvine Unified

4,363

3

San Diego Unified

3,921

4

Oakland Unified

3,534

5

San Juan Unified

2,982

6

Fremont Unified

2,195

7

Cupertino Union

1,979

8

West Contra Costa Unified

1,755

9

Garden Grove Unified

1,669

10

Elk Grove Unified

1,593

11

San Francisco Unified

1,580

12

Mt. Diablo Unified

1,579

13

Twin Rivers Unified

1,535

14

Glendale Unified

1,396

15

Torrance Unified

1,352

16

Santa Clara Unified

1,343

17

Poway Unified

1,195

18

San Mateo-Foster City

1,075

19

Hayward Unified

1,065

20

Capistrano Unified

1,032

21

Sacramento City Unified

1,029

22

Cajon Valley Union

1,004

23

San Jose Unified

979

24

Alhambra Unified

971

25
East Side Union High
954

Student subtotal: 62,655 (41.24%)
All other LEAs: 89,265 (58.76%)
Grand total: 151,920 (100.00%)

Table IV: Counties ranked by number of Immigrant Students (Top 25), Fall 2020
Rank County Number of Students

1

Los Angeles

39,022

2

Orange

14,031

3

Santa Clara

12,651

4

San Diego

12,449

5

Alameda

10,725

6

Sacramento

8,821

7

Riverside

6,044

8

Contra Costa

5,777

9

San Bernardino

5,354

10

San Mateo

4,623

11

Fresno

3,288

12

Kern

2,961

13

San Joaquin

2,857

14

Stanislaus

2,390

15

Ventura

2,055

16

Monterey

1,655

17

San Francisco

1,586

18

Marin

1,460

19

Tulare

1,458

20

Santa Barbara

1,453

21

Merced

1,215

22

Sonoma

1,191

23

Solano

1,039

24

Placer

953

25

Imperial

883

Student subtotal: 145,941 (96.06%)
All other counties: 5,979 (3.94%)
Grand total: 151,920 (100.00%)

Questions:   Language Policy and Leadership Office | 916-319-0845
Last Reviewed: Tuesday, July 6, 2021
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