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Title III Immigrant Student Demographics

Data collected about immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools.

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), sections 3201(1) and (5) defines immigrant children and youth as individuals who

  • are aged 3 through 21,
  • were not born in any state, and
  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years. Section 3201(13) of the ESSA defines State as each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

The California Department of Education conducts an annual data collection of immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools. The data collection is conducted primarily as part of the requirements of Title III of the ESSA.

The California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System is used to collect the number of immigrant students in local educational agencies. Private schools provide their number of immigrant students on the Student National Origin Report.

Table I: Title III Funding for Immigrant Students in California 2008–09 to 2018–19
Year No. of Students Per Student Allocation Total Subgrants
2018–19 115,646 $98.35 $11,373,797
2017–18 113,280 $96.45 $10,925,860
2016–17 117,386 $86.45 $10,148,028
2015–16 98,867 $87.31 $8,632,078
2014–15 65,609 $92.95 $6,100,293
2013–14 57,086 $93.32 $5,327,237
2012–13 48,857 $100.00 $4,885,700
2011–12 64,438 $100.00 $6,443,800
2010–11 75,596 $105.00 $7,937,580
2009–10 88,566 $95.00 $8,413,770
2008–09 103,778 $95.00 $9,858,910
Table II: Immigrant Students Ranked by Country of Origin, Fall 2018
Rank Country of Origin Number of Students

1

Mexico

37,327

2

El Salvador

15,403

3

China

13,519

4

Guatemala

12,534

5

India

12,099

6

Philippines

10,182

7

Viet Nam

7,071

8

Afghanistan

5,979

9

Honduras

4,353

10

Korea, Republic of

4,022

11

Japan

3,586

12

Canada

2,255

13

Armenia

2,207

14

United Kingdom

2,028

15

Russian Federation

1,922

16

Brazil

1,922

17

Iran, Islamic Republic of

1,789

18

Syrian Arab Republic

1,557

19

Egypt

1,511

20

Iraq

1,470

21

Ukraine

1,419

22

Yemen

1,397

23

Germany

1,376

24

Pakistan

1,340

25

Israel

1,329

26

Taiwan, Province of China

1,275

27

Nigeria

1,102

Subtotal: 151,974 (85.87%)
All other countries: 25,002 (14.13%)
Grand total: 176,976 (100.00%)

Table III: Immigrant Students Ranked by LEA, Fall 2018
Rank Local Educational Agency Number of Students

1

Los Angeles Unified

26,988

2

Irvine Unified

5,529

3

San Diego Unified

4,268

4

Oakland Unified

3,109

5

San Juan Unified

3,070

6

Fremont Unified

2,765

7

Cupertino Union

2,485

8

Garden Grove Unified

2,329

9

San Francisco Unified

1,952

10

West Contra Costa Unified

1,913

11

Glendale Unified

1,859

12

Elk Grove Unified

1,672

13

Cajon Valley Union

1,659

14

Santa Clara Unified

1,536

15

Alhambra Unified

1,355

16

Twin Rivers Unified

1,281

17

Torrance Unified

1,272

18

Sweetwater Union High

1,176

19

Sacramento City Unified

1,163

20

Santa Ana Unified

1,126

21

Hayward Unified

1,109

22

Pleasanton Unified

1,078

23

Mt. Diablo Unified

1,054

24

Fresno Unified

1,029

Student subtotal: 72,777 (41.12%)
All other LEAs: 104,199 (58.88%)
Grand total: 176,976 (100.00%)

Table IV: Immigrant Students Ranked by County, Fall 2018
Rank County Number of Students

1

Los Angeles

51,493

2

Orange

16,625

3

San Diego

15,549

4

Santa Clara

14,322

5

Alameda

12,304

6

Sacramento

9,266

7

Riverside

6,300

8

Contra Costa

5,623

9

San Bernardino

5,370

10

San Mateo

4,616

11

Fresno

3,907

12

Kern

3,098

13

San Joaquin

2,752

14

Ventura

2,711

15

Stanislaus

2,595

16

San Francisco

2,060

17

Santa Barbara

1,669

18

Tulare

1,520

19

Marin

1,415

20

Monterey

1,391

21

Merced

1,279

22

Imperial

1,254

23

Placer

1,124

24

Sonoma

1,101

25

Solano

1,068

26

Yolo

1,062

Student subtotal: 171,474 (96.89%)
All other counties: 5,502 (3.11%)
Grand total: 176,976 (100.00%)

Questions:   Language Policy and Leadership Office | 916-319-0845
Last Reviewed: Wednesday, May 15, 2019
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    Information and resources from the California Department of Education (CDE) about the education of Immigrant students through the Title III federal program.
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