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Title III Immigrant Student Demographics

Data collected about immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools.

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), sections 3201(1) and (5) defines immigrant children and youth as individuals who

  • are aged 3 through 21,
  • were not born in any state, and
  • have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years. Section 3201(13) of the ESSA defines State as each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

The California Department of Education conducts an annual data collection of immigrant students enrolled in California's public and private schools. The data collection is conducted primarily as part of the requirements of Title III of the ESSA.

The California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System is used to collect the number of immigrant students in local educational agencies. Private schools provide their number of immigrant students in the Student National Origin Report.

Table I: Title III Funding for Immigrant Students in California 2008–09 to 2019–20
CALPADS Collection Funding Year Number of Students in Title III Programs Per-Student Allocation Total Subgrants
Fall 2018 2019–20 88,423 $100.42 $8,879,426
Fall 2017 2018–19 115,646 $98.35 $11,373,797
Fall 2016 2017–18 113,280 $96.45 $10,925,860
Fall 2015 2016–17 117,386 $86.45 $10,148,028
Fall 2014 2015–16 98,867 $87.31 $8,632,078
Fall 2013 2014–15 65,609 $92.95 $6,100,293
Winter 2012 2013–14 57,086 $93.32 $5,327,237
Winter 2011 2012–13 48,857 $100.00 $4,885,700
Winter 2010 2011–12 64,438 $100.00 $6,443,800
Winter 2009 2010–11 75,596 $105.00 $7,937,580
Winter 2008 2009–10 88,566 $95.00 $8,413,770
Winter 2007 2008–09 103,778 $95.00 $9,858,910
Table II: Immigrant Students Ranked by Country of Origin, Fall 2019
Rank Country of Origin Number of Students

1

Mexico

35,803

2

Guatemala

17,981

3

El Salvador

14,742

4

China

12,274

5

India

11,660

6

Philippines

9,158

7

Viet Nam

7,112

8

Honduras

6,363

9

Afghanistan

6,313

10

Korea, Republic of

4,059

11

Japan

3,600

12

Brazil

2,194

13

Canada

2,150

14

Armenia

2,053

15

Russian Federation

1,907

16

United Kingdom

1,769

17

Egypt

1,459

18

Ukraine

1,414

19

Taiwan, Province of China

1,339

20

Iran, Islamic Republic of

1,325

21

Germany

1,295

22

Israel

1,231

23

Pakistan

1,210

24

Yemen

1,194

25

Nigeria

1,093

26

Colombia

1,012

Subtotal: 151,710 (85.48%)
All other countries: 25,766 (14.52%)
Grand total: 177,476 (100.00%)

Table III: Immigrant Students Ranked by Local Educational Agency, Fall 2019
Rank Local Educational Agency Number of Students

1

Los Angeles Unified

22,020

2

Irvine Unified

5,849

3

San Diego Unified

4,630

4

San Juan Unified

4,002

5

Oakland Unified

3,593

6

Fremont Unified

2,581

7

Cupertino Union

2,426

8

Garden Grove Unified

2,383

9

San Francisco Unified

2,109

10

West Contra Costa Unified

2,108

11

Elk Grove Unified

1,809

12

Santa Clara Unified

1,753

13

Glendale Unified

1,659

14

Mt. Diablo Unified

1,530

15

Torrance Unified

1,365

16

Twin Rivers Unified

1,292

17

Cajon Valley Union

1,288

18

Hayward Unified

1,248

19

Alhambra Unified

1,180

20

San Mateo-Foster City

1,155

21

Sacramento City Unified

1,149

22

Poway Unified

1,122

23

Fresno Unified

1,108

24

Sweetwater Union High

1,090

Student subtotal: 70,485 (39.72%)
All other LEAs: 106,991 (60.28%)
Grand total: 177,476 (100.00%)

Table IV: Immigrant Students Ranked by County, Fall 2019
Rank County Number of Students

1

Los Angeles

46,341

2

Orange

17,256

3

San Diego

15,060

4

Santa Clara

14,722

5

Alameda

12,510

6

Sacramento

10,513

7

Riverside

6,859

8

Contra Costa

5,328

9

San Bernardino

6,251

10

San Mateo

5,325

11

Fresno

3,680

12

Kern

3,629

13

San Joaquin

3,058

14

Ventura

2,535

15

Stanislaus

2,504

16

San Francisco

2,219

17

Monterey

1,705

18

Marin

1,620

19

Santa Barbara

1,531

20

Tulare

1,486

21

Sonoma

1,330

22

Merced

1,277

23

Solano

1,163

24

Imperial

1,058

25

Placer

1,057

26

Yolo

1,008

Student subtotal: 172,025 (96.93%)
All other counties: 5,451 (3.07%)
Grand total: 177,476 (100.00%)

Questions:   Language Policy and Leadership Office | 916-319-0845
Last Reviewed: Friday, June 26, 2020
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    Information and resources from the California Department of Education (CDE) about the education of Immigrant students through the Title III federal program.
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