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Student National Origin Report

Information and resources from the California Department of Education about the Student National Origin Report (SNOR).

The California Department of Education (CDE) annually collects the number of immigrant students enrolled in private schools via the CDE SNOR Online Reporting Web page to determine the amount of Title III, Immigrant Education Student Subgrant funding for services to eligible private school students. The SNOR report for nonprofit private schools is optional to complete. However, nonprofit private schools are encouraged to participate regardless of whether they receive Title III products and services since the U.S. Department of Education uses this data to allocate Title III funds to states. In addition, the identification of eligible immigrant students via SNOR may have an effect on the growth and eligibility at the local educational agencies (LEAs) level. LEAs will only be reimbursed for those immigrant students that are reported on SNOR.

The number of immigrant students enrolled in LEAs, county offices of education, and direct-funded charter schools is reported annually via the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.

Eligible Immigrant Students

Sections 3201(1) and (5) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by Every Student Succeeds Act, defines immigrant children and youth as individuals who:

  • Are aged 3 through 21;
  • Were not born in any state (each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico as defined in Section 3201 (13) of the ESEA); and
  • Have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years.
Immigrant Student Demographic Data

The CDE collects and analyzes a variety of data on immigrant students. Types of data available include:

  • Enrollments of immigrant students by LEA
  • Enrollments of immigrants by country of origin
  • Ranking of LEAs by immigrant enrollments
  • Ranking of counties by immigrant enrollments
  • Statewide immigrant enrollments and related funding

Note that the immigrant enrollment data include only those immigrant students who have not been attending a U.S. school for more than three full academic years. Immigrant students who have been enrolled longer than three years are not included in the data.

For the 2019–20 fiscal year, eligible LEAs, county offices of education, and direct-funded charter schools will receive a per pupil rate for each eligible public and private school immigrant student. Private schools do not receive funding. Private schools may receive programs and services from the LEA that serves the geographic area in which the private school is located.

Questions:   Language Policy & Leadership Office | 916-319-0845
Last Reviewed: Monday, December 30, 2019
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