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Student National Origin Report

Information and resources from the California Department of Education (CDE) about the Student National Origin Report (SNOR).

The CDE annually collects the number of immigrant students enrolled in private schools via the CDE SNOR online reporting web page to determine the amount of Title III Immigrant Education Student Subgrant funding for services to eligible private school students. Completion of the SNOR report is optional for nonprofit private schools. However, nonprofit private schools are encouraged to participate regardless of whether they receive Title III funded products and services since the U.S. Department of Education uses this data to allocate Title III funds to states. In addition, the identification of eligible immigrant students via SNOR may have an effect on the growth and eligibility at the local educational agency (LEA) level. LEAs will only be reimbursed for those immigrant students who are reported on SNOR for private schools.

The number of immigrant students enrolled in private schools is submitted through the SNOR whereas LEAs, county offices of education, and direct-funded charter schools report annually via the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System.

Eligible Immigrant Students

Sections 3201(1) and (5) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESEA), defines immigrant children and youth as individuals who:

  • Are aged 3 through 21;
  • Were not born in any state (each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico as defined in Section 3201 [13] of the ESEA); and
  • Have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full (cumulative) academic years.

Immigrant Student Demographic Data

The CDE collects and analyzes a variety of data on immigrant students. Types of data available include:

  • Enrollment of immigrant students by LEA
  • Enrollment of immigrants by country of origin
  • Ranking of LEAs by immigrant enrollment
  • Ranking of counties by immigrant enrollment
  • Statewide immigrant enrollment and related funding

Note that the immigrant enrollment data include only those immigrant students who meet all three of the criteria listed above. Immigrant students who do not meet all of the criteria are not included in the data.

For the 2023–24 fiscal year, eligible LEAs, county offices of education, and direct-funded charter schools will receive a per-pupil rate for each public and private school immigrant student that meets all of the eligibility criteria. Private schools do not receive funding directly. Private schools may receive programs and services from the LEA that serves the geographic area in which the private school is located.

SNOR Resources

Questions:   Language Policy & Leadership Office | 916-319-0845
Last Reviewed: Tuesday, February 6, 2024
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