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Specification for Identifying and Reporting

Specifications for identifying and reporting eligible immigrant students.

Definition of Immigrant Children and Youth

Eligible Immigrant Student Sections 3201(1)(5) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by Every Student Succeeds Act, define immigrant children and youth as individuals who:

  1. are aged three through twenty-one;
  2. were not born in any state; and
  3. have not been attending one or more schools in any one or more states for more than three full academic years.

Section 3201(13) of the ESEA defines "state" as each of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

All county offices of education, school districts, and direct funded charter schools will enter their number of immigrant students into the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS). Only private schools complete the Student National Origin Report (SNOR).


All private schools are asked to submit the SNOR report annually through the California Department of Education (CDE) SNOR Online Reporting web page. Private schools should use the identified immigrant student counts taken on the first Wednesday in October for this data collection. Complete the SNOR report online between November and December of each school year.

Private schools within the jurisdiction of a local educational agency (LEA) that experienced a two percent increase in enrollment of eligible immigrant pupils in the previous school year as compared to the average of the two prior years and that are within the geographic jurisdiction of a qualifying LEA may participate in the Title III Immigrant Subgrant Education Program.

Additional Information and Technical Assistance

Assistance regarding the CALPADS may be found in the CALPADS Data Guide. The CALPADS Data Guide, a guidance document for LEAs regarding the collection and submission of data, is located on the CDE CALPADS System Documentation web page.

Additional assistance with the SNOR and related immigrant education issues can be obtained by contacting Geoffrey Ndirangu, Education Programs Consultant, Language Policy and Leadership Office, at 916-323-5831 or by email at Information and instructions are also available at the CDE Title III SNOR web page.

Questions:   Geoffrey Ndirangu | | 916-323-5831
Last Reviewed: Thursday, December 27, 2018
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