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Title I, Part A School Choice

When schools do not meet state targets for improving the achievement of all students, LEAs may offer the option of School Choice to send their student to another school.

School Choice under NCLB

The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), or the Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA) has been reauthorized as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) which takes effect at the beginning in the 2017–18 school year. Therefore, the School Choice (Choice) program under NCLB is no longer available. However, the Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) must:

  • Allow students who previously transferred to another public school which was not identified for program improvement (PI) under NCLB to remain in that school until they complete the highest grade offered in that school.
  • Set aside a reasonable amount of funds to pay for transportation but not exceeding an amount equal to 15 percent of the LEA’s Title I, Part A allocation.

See more information in the ESSA Update number eight.

School Choice under ESSA

Beginning in the 2018-19 school year, LEAs that have schools identified for comprehensive support and improvement (CSI) may provide all students enrolled with the option to transfer to another public school within the LEA pursuant to the ESSA Section 1111(d)(1)(D). LEAs that utilize the ESSA Choice program:

  • Shall give priority to the lowest-achieving children from low-income families as determined by the LEA;
  • Ensure students who transferred under such option shall be enrolled in classes and other activities in the same manner as all other students in the school;
  • Allow students who transferred under this option to remain in that school unless they complete the highest grade; and
  • May spend an amount equal to five percent of its Title I, Part A allocation to pay for transportation.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)

Questions:   Lana Zhou | | 916-319-0956
Last Reviewed: Friday, September 8, 2017
Recently Posted in Accountability