Skip to main content
California Department of Education Logo

FITNESSGRAM: Fitness Areas and Test Options

Areas, options, and equipment used to measure a student's fitness in the California Physical Fitness Test.

FITNESSGRAM Fitness Areas, Test Options, and Equipment 1, 2

Fitness Areas

Aerobic Capacity

Test Options and Equipment
  • One-Mile Run
    • Flat, measured running course
    • Stopwatch
    • Scale
    • Ruler (stadiometer) or tape measure

  • PACER4 (Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run)
    • Flat, nonslippery surface 15 or 20 meters in length
    • CD or cassette player with adequate volume
    • CD or audiocassette with music/timing
    • Measuring tape
    • Marker cones
  • Walk Test
    • Flat, measured course
    • Stopwatch
    • Scale
    • Heart rate monitor (optional)

Body Composition

Test Options and Equipment
  • Skinfold Measurements 4
    • Skinfold caliper

  • Body Mass Index
    • Scale
    • Ruler (stadiometer) or tape measure

  • Percent Body Fat
    • Bioelectric impedance analyzer or automated skinfold caliper
    • Scale
    • Ruler (stadiometer) or tape measure

Muscular Strength, Endurance, and Flexibility

Abdominal Strength and Endurance

Test Options and Equipment
  • Curl-Up 4
    • Gym mat
    • 3-inch measuring strip for 5 to 9 year olds or 4.5-inch measuring strip for students older than 9 years of age
    • CD or cassette player with adequate volume
    • CD or audiocassette with cadence

Trunk Extensor Strength and Flexibility

Test Options and Equipment
  • Trunk Lift 4
    • Gym mat
    • Yard stick or 15-inch ruler

Upper Body Strength and Endurance

Test Options and Equipment
  • Push-Up 4
    • Gym mat
    • CD or cassette player with adequate volume

  • Modified Pull-Up
    • Gym mat
    • Modified pull-up stand with elastic band

  • Flexed-Arm Hang
    • Horizontal bar
    • Chair or stool
    • Stopwatch

Flexibility

Test Options and Equipment
  • Back-Saver Sit and Reach 4
    • Sit-and-reach box

  • Shoulder Stretch


1 FITNESSGRAM is a registered trademark of The Cooper Institute.
2 All of the test options may require pencils and score sheets to record scores.
3 Height and weight (i.e., Body Mass Index) are needed to estimate a student’s Aerobic Capacity.
4 FITNESSGRAM recommends this test as the test option for the fitness area; however, the California Department of Education (CDE) does not have a position regarding which test option to administer to students.

Alternate format: FITNESSGRAM Fitness Areas, Test Options, and Equipment External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)

Questions:   High School and Physical Fitness Assessment Office | pft@cde.ca.gov | 916-445-9449
Last Reviewed: Tuesday, July 2, 2019
Recently Posted in Testing
  • High School Equivalency Test Fee Waivers (added 14-Aug-2019)
    Waiving of Testing Fees for Homeless Youths and Foster Youths Taking the Fee-based High School Proficiency and High School Equivalency Tests.
  • 2018-19 CAASPP Apportionment Information (added 05-Aug-2019)
    Approved apportionment rates for local educational agency administration of the 2018–19 California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress System (CAASPP).
  • Assessment Spotlight, Issue 55 (added 31-Jul-2019)
    California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) email update, July 31, 2019.
  • Assessment Spotlight, Issue 54 (added 17-Jul-2019)
    California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) email update, July 17, 2019.
  • Assessment Spotlight, Issue 53 (added 11-Jul-2019)
    California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP) email update, July 10, 2019.