Skip to main content
California Department of Education Logo

Gender Equity/Title IX


Gender Equity

It is the policy of the State of California that all persons, regardless of their gender, should enjoy freedom from discrimination of any kind in the educational institution of the state. The laws found in the California Education Code 221.5-231.5 External link opens in new window or tab. are collectively known as the Sex Equity in Education Act. These laws expand upon gender equity and Title IX laws which provide guidance to California’s education system. Each Local Educational Agency (LEA) will be responsible for following the laws in addition to Title IX requirements.

Senate Bill 1375 (California Education Code, 221.61), creates new requirements for the Title IX coordinators’ informational posts. Title IX coordinators should carefully read and disseminate the following:


California Education Code, 221.61
  1. On or before July 1, 2017, public schools, private schools that receive federal funds and are subject to the requirements of Title IX, school districts, county offices of education, and charter schools shall post in a prominent and conspicuous location on their Internet Web sites all of the following:

    1. The name and contact information of the Title IX coordinator for that public school, private school, school district, county office of education, or charter school, which shall include the Title IX coordinator’s phone number and email address.

    2. The rights of a pupil and the public and the responsibilities of the public school, private school, school district, county office of education, or charter school under Title IX, which shall include, but shall not be limited to, Internet Web links to information about those rights and responsibilities located on the Internet Web sites of the department’s Office for Equal Opportunity and the United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, and the list of rights specified in Section 221.8.

    3. A description of how to file a complaint under Title IX, which shall include all of the following:

      1. An explanation of the statute of limitations within which a complaint must be filed after an alleged incident of discrimination has occurred, and how a complaint may be filed beyond the statute of limitations.

      2. An explanation of how the complaint will be investigated and how the complainant may further pursue the complaint, including, but not limited to, Internet Web links to this information on the United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights’ Internet Web site.

      3. An Internet Web link to the United States Department of Education Office for Civil Rights complaints form, and the contact information for the office, which shall include the phone number and email address for the office.

  2. On or before April 1, 2017, and annually thereafter, the Superintendent shall send a letter through electronic means to all public schools, private schools that receive federal funds and are subject to the requirements of Title IX, school districts, county offices of education, and charter schools informing them of the requirement specified in subdivision (a) and of their responsibilities under Title IX.

  3. A public school that does not maintain an Internet Web site may comply with subdivision (a) by posting the information specified in paragraphs (1) to (3), inclusive, of subdivision (a) on the Internet Web site of its school district or county office of education.

  4. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require a school or local educational agency to establish an Internet Web site if the school or local educational agency does not already maintain one.

Title IX

Title IX is a federal law that was passed in 1972 to ensure that male and female students and employees in educational settings are treated equally and fairly. It protects against discrimination based on sex (including sexual harassment). In addition, Title IX protects transgender students and students who do not conform to gender stereotypes. State law also prohibits discrimination based on gender (sex), gender expression, gender identity, and sexual orientation. The preamble to Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 states that:

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”

Title IX requires that each school district have at least one person designated as the Title IX Coordinator.

From the regulations governing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 External link opens in new window or tab. (20 U.S.C. 1681, 1682):

2020 Title IX Amendments

On May 6th, 2020 the U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), released a finalized version of the new Title IX Regulations. Amendments to Title IX became effective on August 14, 2020. Specifically, The Final Rule changes the way in which institutions and local education agencies are required to respond to allegations of sexual harassment. The new Title IX regulations are intended to clarify sexual harassment as a form of sex discrimination and expand on the definition of sexual harassment.The new Title IX regulation can be found in the Code of Federal Regulations at 34 CFR Part 106 External link opens in new window or tab..

106.8 Designation of coordinator, dissemination of policy, and adoption of grievance procedures.
  1. Designation of coordinator.

    Each recipient must designate and authorize at least one employee to coordinate its efforts to comply with its responsibilities under this part, which employee must be referred to as the “Title IX Coordinator.” The recipient must notify applicants for admission and employment, students, parents or legal guardians of elementary and secondary school students, employees, and all unions or professional organizations holding collective bargaining or professional agreements with the recipient, of the name or title, office address, electronic mail address, and telephone number of the employee or employees designated as the Title IX Coordinator pursuant to this paragraph. Any person may report sex discrimination, including sexual harassment (whether or not the person reporting is the person alleged to be the victim of conduct that could constitute sex discrimination or sexual harassment), in person, by mail, by telephone, or by electronic mail, using the contact information listed for the Title IX Coordinator, or by any other means that results in the Title IX Coordinator receiving the person's verbal or written report. Such a report may be made at any time (including during non-business hours) by using the telephone number or electronic mail address, or by mail to the office address, listed for the Title IX Coordinator.

  2. Dissemination of policy
    1. Notification of policy.

      Each recipient must notify persons entitled to a notification under paragraph (a) of this section that the recipient does not discriminate on the basis of sex in the education program or activity that it operates, and that it is required by title IX and this part not to discriminate in such a manner. Such notification must state that the requirement not to discriminate in the education program or activity extends to admission (unless subpart C of this part does not apply) and employment, and that inquiries about the application of title IX and this part to such recipient may be referred to the recipient's Title IX Coordinator, to the Assistant Secretary, or both.

    2. Publications.

      Each recipient must prominently display the contact information required to be listed for the Title IX Coordinator under paragraph (a) of this section and the policy described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section on its website, if any, and in each handbook or catalog that it makes available to persons entitled to a notification under paragraph (a) of this section.

      A recipient must not use or distribute a publication stating that the recipient treats applicants, students, or employees differently on the basis of sex except as such treatment is permitted by title IX or this part.

  3. Adoption of grievance procedures.

    A recipient must adopt and publish grievance procedures that provide for the prompt and equitable resolution of student and employee complaints alleging any action that would be prohibited by this part and a grievance process that complies with Sec. 106.45 for formal complaints as defined in Sec. 106.30. A recipient must provide to persons entitled to a notification under paragraph (a) of this section notice of the recipient's grievance procedures and grievance process, including how to report or file a complaint of sex discrimination, how to report or file a formal complaint of sexual harassment, and how the recipient will respond.

(Authority: 34 C.F.R. Sec 106.8)

Title IX Coordinators

California Department of Education’s Title IX Coordinator:

Randi Thompson, EEO Officer
Equity, Civil Rights, Title IX, ADA/504, MOA Coordinator
1430 N Street, Room 4206
Sacramento, CA 95814
Telephone: 916-445-9174
Fax: 916-324-9818
Email: OEOinfo@cde.ca.gov

Sex Equity in Education Act Annual Notification 2019
Title IX District Notification Letter 2013

Title IX Coordinator Survey 2013 (DOC)

Resources for Coordinators

Letter to Title IX Coordinators External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF) - The United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights (OCR) sent this letter, on April 24, 2015, as an introduction to all new Title IX coordinators.

Dear Colleague Letter: Title IX Coordinators External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF) - The OCR sent this letter, on April 24, 2015, as a reminder to all Title IX coordinators of their responsibilities.

Title IX Coordinators Resource Guide External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF) - A Title IX booklet published by OCR to assist Title IX coordinators in understanding the scope and procedures.

Education Equity/Title IX Resources from the Feminist Majority External link opens in new window or tab.

Sexual Harassment

State and federal law protects students from all forms of sexual harassment (including sexual violence and sexual abuse). Any student, regardless of their gender, may potentially face sexual harassment which can interfere with a student’s academic performance, as well as their emotional and physical well-being. Preventing and remedying sexual harassment in schools is essential to ensuring a safe environment in which students can learn. Title IX coordinators are in the best position to prevent harassment and to lessen the harm to students if, despite their best efforts, acts of sexual harassment do occur.

To assist coordinators in eliminating sexual harassment from schools the United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights (OCR) has developed a webpage on Sexual Harassment Resources External link opens in new window or tab., which includes, but is not limited to, the following:

Single Sex Programs

In 2006, new Title IX regulations for the establishment of single sex programs in schools were adopted by the OCR. Many factors and legal requirements must be addressed if schools are considering the development of single-sex options. The regulations related to single sex programs can be found in California Education Code 221.5 External link opens in new window or tab. and 34 CFR 106.34 External link opens in new window or tab..

Guidelines on Title IX Requirements Related to Single-Sex Classes and Schools 2002 External link opens in new window or tab.
Dear Colleague Letter on Single-Sex Programs and Title IX 2007 External link opens in new window or tab.

Sex Equity in Competitive Athletics

In accordance with California Education Code 221.9 External link opens in new window or tab., each public elementary, secondary, and charter school in California, that offers competitive athletics, are required to make the following information available to the public at the end of each school year:

  • The total enrollment of the school, classified by gender.
  • The number of pupils enrolled at the school who participate in competitive athletics, classified by gender.
  • The number of male and female teams, classified by sport and by competition level.

Competitive Athletics are defined as sports where the activity has coaches, a governing organization, practices, competes during a defined season, and has competition as its primary goal. The required data as stated above should reflect the total number of players on a team roster on the official first day of competition. Schools should post the information on the school’s website. If the school does not maintain a website, the school district or charter operator shall post the information on its website. All materials used by the school to compile the data are to be retained by the school for a minimum of three years after the information has been posted.

Uniform Complaint Procedure

Complaints pertaining to Title IX issues should be filed by utilizing the Uniform Complaint Procedures (UCP) as identified in California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Sections 4600 et. seq. For more information on the UCP complaints and appeals visit the CDE’s Uniform Complaint Procedures and Resolution of Discrimination/Harassment Complaint pages.

Other resources

Questions:   Office of Equal Opportunity | oeoinfo@cde.ca.gov | 916-445-9174
Last Reviewed: Friday, February 4, 2022