California Healthy Kids SurveyA comprehensive youth self-reported data collection system that addresses school climate, health risks and behaviors, and youth resiliency.
The California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) is an anonymous, confidential survey of youth resiliency, protective factors and risk behaviors. It is administered to students at grades five, seven, nine and eleven. It enables schools and communities to collect and analyze data regarding local youth health risks and behaviors, school connectedness, protective factors, and school violence. The CHKS is part of a comprehensive data-driven decision-making process on improving school climate and student learning environment for overall school improvements.
The CHKS is a companion tool to the California School Climate Survey (CSCS) for staff and the California School Parent Survey (CSPS) for parents. Together, they form the California School Climate, Health, and Learning Survey (Cal-SCHLS) System .
At the heart of the CHKS is a research-based core module that provides valid indicators to promote student engagement and achievement, safety, positive development, health, and overall well being. In addition, there are supplementary modules to choose from at the secondary school level that ask detailed questions on specific topics. These include more in-depth questions on resiliency and protective factors; school climate; resiliency and youth development; social emotional health and learning; tobacco use; alcohol and other drug use; safety/violence; physical health; sexual behavior; after school activities; gang awareness; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender school experiences; and military connected school. Districts can also customize their questions in a custom module targeting topics of local interest.
TUPE grantees are required to conduct the CHKS Core Module biennially at grades seven, nine, and eleven. Any TUPE grantee only serving students in grades kindergarten through six must conduct the CHKS elementary module in grade five.
Districts that participate in the data collection phase of the S3 program were required to conduct the three surveys of Cal-SCHLS in 2010-11 and 2013-14 among all its high schools at grades nine and eleven. High schools that received a S3 grant conducted the three surveys of Cal-SCHLS among all grades in 2011-13.
California Education Code sections 51513 and 51938(b) specify that parent or guardian consent be granted before students are given questionnaires or surveys asking about personal beliefs or practices that include health behavior and risks. There are two kinds of parent or guardian consent: passive and active.
- Active Consent requires that a parent or legal guardian be notified in writing and gives written permission for the student to participate in the survey. Active consent is required of the fifth grade CHKS survey, and is optional for seventh grade and up.
- Passive Consent requires that a parent or legal guardian be notified in writing about the survey and is given the opportunity to review the survey. Parents need to notify the school if they do not want their child to participate in the survey. Passive consent is optional for grades seven through twelve.
Regardless of which consent option is selected, the school board must formally adopt, in consultation with parents, a consent policy for the administration of the CHKS. More information about parent/guardian consents is available at CHKS .
Sample Consent Letters and Forms are currently being updated and will be available soon.
CHKS Survey Reports are available in district, county, and statewide level.
Query CHKS is a new collaborative project between the California Department of Education (CDE), WestEd, and the Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health and its kidsdata.org Web site. Query CHKS allows users to generate tables, maps, graphs, and charts comparing key CHKS data among district, county, and with the state.
Technical Assistance for School Districts
The CDE contracts with WestEd to assist districts in administering the CHKS and the other two companion surveys. WestEd provides training and technical assistance to districts through three regional survey centers, a toll-free phone line at 888-841-7536, free online training, and the CHKS Web site. To get more information or to sign up for CHKS, contact your CHKS Regional Survey Center at 1-888-841-7536 or visit CHKS for more information.
CHKS and Academic Achievement
Research has shown that meeting the basic developmental needs of students by ensuring that they are safe, drug-free, healthy, and resilient is central to improving their academic performance.