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HIV/AIDS Instruction PowerPoint Presentation

Provides information regarding mandated HIV/AIDS instruction and laws related to permissible comprehensive sexual health instruction.

HIV/AIDS Instruction

California Comprehensive Sexual Health and HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Act

Education Code (EC) sections 51930 – 51939

Education Codes

Purpose of this Act

To provide a pupil with the knowledge and skills necessary to protect his or her sexual and reproductive health from unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. EC Section 51930

Purpose of this Act

To encourage a pupil to develop healthy attitudes concerning adolescent growth and development, body image, gender roles, sexual orientation, dating, marriage, and family. EC Section 51930

Education Code 51931 Terminology

  1. "Age appropriate"
  2. "Comprehensive sexual health education"
  3. "English learner"
  4. "HIV/AIDS prevention education"
  5. "Instructors trained in the appropriate courses"
  6. "Medically accurate"
  7. "School district"

Education Code 51931

  1. "Comprehensive sexual health education" means education regarding human development and sexuality, including education on pregnancy, family planning, and sexually transmitted diseases.

Education Code 51931

  1. "HIV/AIDS prevention education" means instruction on the nature of HIV/AIDS, methods of transmission, strategies to reduce the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and social and public health issues related to HIV/AIDS. "HIV/AIDS prevention education" is not comprehensive sexual health education.

Education Code 51931

f) "Medically accurate" means verified or supported by research conducted in compliance with scientific methods and published in peer-reviewed journals, ... and recognized as accurate and objective by professional organizations ...

Education Code 51931

f) "Medically accurate" ... and recognized as accurate and objective by professional organizations ...

Education Code 51934

(b) Medically accurate information may also be obtained from:

Education Code 51933

(d)(1) Instruction and materials may not teach or promote religious doctrine.

(d)(2) Instruction and materials may not reflect or promote bias against any person on the basis of any category protected by EC Section 220.

Education Code 220

No person shall be subjected to discrimination based on the basis of sex, ethnic group identification, race, national origin, religion, color, mental or physical disability, or any actual or perceived characteristic [that is defined in] hate crimes [as defined in] Penal Code Section 422.55.

Penal Code 422.55

"Hate crime" means a criminal act committed, in whole or in part, because of one or more of the following actual or perceived characteristics of the victim:

HIV/AIDS Instruction Must Include:

  1. Information on the nature of AIDS and its effects on the body.
  2. The manner in which HIV is and is not transmitted, including information on high-risk activities.
    EC 51934
  3. Discussion of methods to reduce the risk of HIV infection:
    1. Instruction shall emphasize sexual abstinence, monogamy, avoidance of multiple sexual partners, and abstinence from intravenous drug use.
    2. Instruction shall include the latest statistics on the success and failure rates of condoms and other methods of contraception to prevent sexually transmitted HIV.
    3. Information on other methods that may reduce the risk of HIV transmission from intravenous drug use.
      EC 51934
  4. Discussion of the public health issues associated with HIV/AIDS.
  5. Information on local resources for HIV testing and medical care.
    EC 51934
  6. HIV/AIDS Instruction Must Include:
    1. Development of refusal skills and effective decision-making skills to assist students in overcoming peer pressure and to avoid high-risk activities.
  7. Discussion about societal views on AIDS, including stereotypes and myths regarding persons with AIDS and emphasizing compassion for people living with HIV/AIDS.

Requirements for Instruction in HIV/AIDS and Comprehensive Sexual Health

  1. Instruction and materials shall be age appropriate.
  2. All factual information presented shall be medically accurate and objective.
  3. Instruction shall be made available on an equal basis to a pupil who is an English learner, consistent with the existing curriculum and alternative options for an English learner pupil as otherwise provided in this code. EC 51933
  4. Instruction and materials shall be appropriate for use with pupils of all races, genders, sexual orientations, ethnic and cultural backgrounds, and pupils with disabilities.
  5. Instruction and materials shall be accessible to pupils with disabilities, including, but not limited to, the provision of a modified curriculum, materials and instruction in alternative formats, and auxiliary aids.
  6. Instruction and materials shall encourage a pupil to communicate with his or her parents or guardians about human sexuality.
    EC 51933

Authorized vs. Required

EC 51933
EC 51934

EC 51933 and EC 51934
Where is the line in the sand?

If local educational agencies do conduct comprehensive sexual health education, the local educational agency (LEA) must abide by all tenets of EC 51933.

The LEA may not pick and choose topics.

Education Code 51933:
Comprehensive Sexual Health Education Requirements

If comprehensive sexual health education is taught:
  1. Instruction and materials shall teach respect for marriage and committed relationships.

Education Code 51933:
Comprehensive Sexual Health Education Requirements

If comprehensive sexual health education is taught, commencing in grade seven, all instruction and materials shall teach:
  1. Abstinence from sexual intercourse is the only certain way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), while providing medically accurate information on other methods to prevent pregnancy and STDs.
  2. How STDs are and are not transmitted; safety and effectiveness of all Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved methods to reduce the risk of STD transmission; and local resources for STD testing and treatment.
  3. Safety and effectiveness of all FDA approved contraceptive methods, including emergency contraception.
  4. Provide skills for making and implementing responsible decisions about sexuality.
  5. Provide information on safely and legally surrendering physical custody of a minor child under 72 hours old.

Resources

California Legislative Information External link opens in new window or tab.

California Healthy Kids Resource Center External link opens in new window or tab.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – STD Information External link opens in new window or tab.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – HIV Information External link opens in new window or tab.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – STD Fact Sheets for Youth External link opens in new window or tab. (Available in English and Spanish)

Advocates for Youth External link opens in new window or tab.

Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States External link opens in new window or tab.

California School Boards Association External link opens in new window or tab. (sample school board policies, membership required)

California Department of Public Health STD Data by County External link opens in new window or tab.

If you have questions regarding HIV/STD Prevention Education, contact:

Sharla E. Smith, MPH
HIV/STD Prevention Education Consultant
shsmith@cde.ca.gov

Comprehensive Sexual Health & HIV/AIDS Instruction

Questions:   Coordinated School Health and Safety Office | 916-319-0914
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