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Digital Library State Network of Educators


The State Network of Educators (SNE) is a team of educators from Smarter Balanced member states trained to contribute and review instructional and professional learning resources for inclusion in the Smarter Balanced Digital Library. Members of the SNE are K–12 and higher education professionals with expertise in the Common Core State Standards, formative assessment tools and practices, and teaching one or more of the following student groups: general education; gifted and talented; English learners; and students with disabilities.

The Smarter Balanced Digital Library

The Digital Library External link opens in new window or tab. is an online collection of more than 2,700 formative assessment resources that support K–12 teachers in their use of formative assessment processes to adjust teaching and improve student learning. Every resource in the Digital Library addresses at least one of the four attributes of the formative assessment process: clarify intended learning, elicit evidence, interpret evidence, and act on evidence.

The Important Role of the SNE

While the Digital Library includes a number of commissioned modules, the majority of resources in the Digital Library are contributed by SNE members. Members of the SNE create, submit, and review resources for the Digital Library. Every resource submitted by an SNE member goes through extensive review before being posted to the Digital Library. Submissions must pass through an initial screening process for foundational requirements before being moved on for further review. When the initial screening criteria are met, each resource is then reviewed by three different SNE members using quality criteria External link opens in new window or tab. developed by Smarter Balanced for the vetting process. In addition to their resource development and review activities, members of the SNE provide important insight that helps guide enhancements to the Digital Library.

California’s SNE Members

Approximately 100 California educators are part of the Smarter Balanced Digital Library SNE. Each month, the CDE features a California member of the SNE on its “Meet an SNE Member” Web page. Listed below are featured California members of the SNE.

Toni David (July 2016)

Photo of Toni David Toni David has been involved in early childhood and elementary education for more than 40 years and is currently a grade five teacher in the Stanislaus Union School District. Read more about Toni on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member" Web page.


Matthew Cowan (June 2016)

Photo of Matthew Cowan Matthew Cowan has been an educator for eight years and is currently a Teacher on Special Assignment as an English Language Arts (ELA) instructional coach and coordinator in the Redlands Unified School District. Read more about Matthew on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member" Web page.


Carol Kohn (May 2016)

Photo of Carol Kohn Carol Kohn has worked in the education profession for over 30 years. A retired educator, Carol worked for the Bakersfield City School District where she served as an elementary teacher for 29 years. During 17 of those years, Carol was also an adjunct lecturer for the School of Education at California State University, Bakersfield. Read more about Carol on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member" Web page.


Travis Burke (April 2016)

Photo of Travis Burke Travis Burke has been in the education profession for 12 years. He is currently serving as a Teacher on Special Assignment, focusing on math and assessment in curriculum and instruction for the Santa Maria-Bonita School District. Read more about Travis on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member" Web page.


Leisa Machado (March 2016)

Photo of Leisa Machado Leisa Machado has been an English language arts educator for over 22 years. She currently teaches grade seven English language arts and social studies at Dutcher Middle School in the Turlock Unified School District and is also an adjunct professor at Brandman University, teaching graduate courses in the teacher education program. Read more about Leisa on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member” Web page.


Steve Krolikowski (February 2016)

Photo of Steve Krolikowski Steve Krolikowski is a 23-year veteran of education in the field of mathematics. He currently teaches grade six math and is the Math Department Chair for Griffiths Middle School in the Downey Unified School District. Read more about Steve on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member” Web page.


Carole Bogue (January 2016)

Photo of Carole Bogue Carole Bogue is a 40-year veteran in the education field and has been a member of the Smarter Balanced Digital Library State Network of Educators (SNE) since it was formed in 2013. Read more about Carole on CDE's "Meet an SNE Member” Web page.

Questions:   California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress Office | caaspp@cde.ca.gov | 916-445-8765
Last Reviewed: Tuesday, July 19, 2016
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