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Accessibility

The Department is required by federal and state law to make information intended for the general public accessible to individuals with disabilities.

Policy

The California Department of Education (CDE) Web site is compliant with California Government Code 11135, which requires that electronic and information technology developed or purchased by the State of California is accessible to people with disabilities. Additionally, the CDE Web site meets the CDE’s Web Accessibility standards.

Background

Users with disabilities may not be able to see, hear, or process some types of information; may have difficulty reading or understanding text; or may not be able to use a keyboard or mouse. Various estimates put the percentage of Web site visitors who have some type of disability at 10 to 30 percent.

California Government Code 11135 External link opens in new window or tab. , enacted in 2003, requires all State agencies to comply with Federal Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (as amended in 1989). Section 508 External link opens in new window or tab. requires Federal agencies’ electronic and information technology to be accessible to people with disabilities. Section 508 includes legal requirements for computers, software, telecom, multimedia, and the Web.

CDE Web Site Features

The CDE Web site has features that are intended to make the experience of interacting with our Web site positive and productive for all users, including those with disabilities.

Below is a list of some of the accessibility features included in the CDE Internet Web site, and where appropriate, how to find them and use them.

List of Features

Common Look and Feel; Simple Design

Most pages on the CDE Web site have a similar layout, making site navigation easier. Overall, the site is primarily text-based and has a simple, straightforward design.

"Skip To" Links

A special link is placed at the top of most pages on the site that allows assistive technology to skip or “jump over” the site navigation.

Accessible Images

Images that are included on the CDE Web site contain “alternative text,” which assistive technology can read to the user.

Adjustable Text Size

The CDE site is constructed using relative fonts, which allow site visitors to increase the text size on Web pages. Text size can be increased in two ways. The easiest way is to use the “text resizer,” which can be found in the upper right corner of most Web pages on the CDE site. The text size can also be increased with the Web browser’s text size adjustment feature. For more information about text size adjustments within a specific browser type and version, site visitors should consult their browser documentation.

Semantic Code

The CDE Web Standards require that correct HTML markup be employed to designate certain Web page elements, thereby differentiating them on the page for users of assistive technology. For example, all page headings and subheadings are designated with HTML heading tags, which are announced to screen reader users.

Style Sheets

Cascading Style Sheets are used throughout the site for layout, design, and style. This allows the CDE site to be displayed in a readable fashion on different browser-enabled devices.

Effective Search Engine

The CDE Web site search engine provides relevant and easy to use search results, allowing quick navigation to the desired content.

Effective Use of Tables

Tables used for the layout of Web page content are avoided on the CDE site. Additionally, data tables on the site employ HTML markup to differentiate table headings from data and to associate data with the appropriate table headings.

Video Captions and Text Transcripts

Some video files on the CDE Web site have embedded captions for the hearing impaired. Windows Media Player must be configured to turn ON captions since captions are turned OFF by default. Links to video files without embedded captions have adjacent text transcripts.

Standard Browser Usability Features *

  • Contrast Adjustments
  • Font Adjustments
  • Keyboard Shortcuts

* Addition of this content is required under California Tecnology Letter 15-05. This content in this section is derived from the Accessibility Section of the CA.gov Web Tools Site External link opens in new window or tab..

Contrast Adjustments

High contrast is necessary for many users. The State’s websites uses style sheets and some of the best contrast combinations, black on white, white on dark green, or blue on white. However, some users can see better using high contrast reverse types, such as white on black, or different colors. Below are guidelines for some common web browsers on how the user can customize their own web browser to better view all web pages.

Internet Explorer

Select the “Tools” menu. Select “Internet Options”. Under the “General” tab, select “Accessibility”. Place a check mark in the box to “Ignore colors specified on Web pages” and select the “OK” box. This will return you to the “General” tab. Select the “Colors” box and un-check the “use Windows colors” box. Use the “Text”, “Background”, “Unvisited Links”, and “Visited Links” boxes to select the colors desired (example: white text and black background). Select the “OK” box and then the “OK” box on the “General” tab and the colors should change on the browser.

Firefox

Select the “Tools” menu. Select “Options”. Select the “Content” tab. Select “Colors”. Select colors desired for “Text”, “Background”, “Unvisited Links”, and “Visited Links” (example: white text and black background) and uncheck “Allow pages to choose their own colors, instead of my selections above”. Select the “OK” box, and then the “OK” box again. The colors should change on the browser.

Google Chrome

High Contrast and Custom Color Support External link opens in new window or tab.

There are a number of steps you can take to configure Chrome to run with custom contrast and colors:

  1. Install a Chrome Extension External link opens in new window or tab. which allows you to specify your own custom color combinations, for instance the Change Colors External link opens in new window or tab. extension.
    • Quick page action to apply/remove styling overrides on a per page, per domain or global basis (overriding Web page colors)
    • Optional background, text, links and visited links color configuration
    • Option for showing/hiding images
    • Option for showing/hiding Flash objects
  2. Use a Chrome Theme External link opens in new window or tab. for some control of the color scheme of the Chrome user interface. As an example, the BitNova Dark theme External link opens in new window or tab. offers white text on a black background. The Chrome Extensions Gallery External link opens in new window or tab. offers many other themes, with a variety of color combinations.

Opera

Fonts and Colors for Unstyled Web Pages

Sometimes, webpages do not have a specified style for fonts, background color, or link colors. We have selected some default fonts and colors for you, but you may prefer to choose your own. To do this, select Settings > Preferences > webpages and select your preferred fonts, background color, or colors for normal and visited links. You can also enable or disable an underline for links.

Themes

A theme is a color scheme of the buttons and background images in the browser. You can apply a theme to Opera to entirely change the way Opera looks. To try a new theme:

  1. Go to https://addons.opera.com/en/themes/. (Search for Contrast theme) Alternatively, select Appearance > Themes.
  2. Select “Find more themes. The available themes display.
  3. Choose one you like and select the “Add to Opera” button. The theme is applied so you can see if you like it.
  4. In the bar that displays at the top of the window, select either “Done X” to confirm the theme change and keep it, or “Undo” and everything will be back to the way it was. If you don’t make a decision after a short while, the theme is applied automatically.
Manage Themes

To see a list of all of the themes you have installed, select Appearance > Themes. You can delete or switch themes, or add new ones by selecting the “Find More Themes” button.

Safari

OS X Yosemite: Display pane of Accessibility preferences – https://support.apple.com/kb/PH18394?locale=en_US

Make items on the screen easier to see and the display easier to read.

To open this pane, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, select Accessibility, then select Display.

Invert colors

Invert the colors on your display. For example, text appears in white on a black background.

Use grayscale

Remove colors from the screen.

Differentiate without color

Use shapes, in addition to or instead of color, to convey status or information.

Increase contrast

Increase the contrast of items on the screen (such as borders around buttons or boxes) without changing the contrast of the screen itself.

Reduce transparency

Replace the transparent effect used on some backgrounds in OS X with a darker background, to improve contrast and readability.

Display contrast

Increase the screen contrast.

Cursor size

Increase the size of the pointer.

To quickly set some display options, press Option-Command-F5.

You can enable keyboard shortcuts for inverting colors and changing the contrast in the Accessibility section of the Shortcuts pane of Keyboard preferences. To open the pane, choose Apple menu > System Preferences, select Keyboard, then select Shortcuts.

Fonts

The fonts used on this site are a default size, which allows you to make adjustments according to your preference. The following is the easiest way to change the font size for some common web browsers.

Internet Explorer

Select the “View” menu. Highlight “Text Size”. Default setting will be medium. By changing the settings between largest and smallest; the text displayed on the page will be modified.

Firefox

Select the “Tools” menu. Select “Options”. Select the “Content” tab. Change the “Default Font” and “Size” values (for more advanced options, select “Advanced” next to the “Size” value). Select the “OK” box, and the fonts should change on the browser.

Google Chrome

Change text, image, and video sizes (zoom) – https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/96810

You can adjust the size of everything on the webpages you visit, including text, images, and videos.

  1. Select the Chrome menu (burger menu) on the browser toolbar
  2. Select “Settings.”
  3. Select “Show advanced settings.”
  4. In the “Web Content” section, use the “Page zoom” drop-down menu to adjust the zoom.
How to set zoom on your current page

Use the zoom options in the Chrome menu to make everything on a webpage larger or smaller.

  1. Select the Chrome menu (burger menu) on the browser toolbar.
  2. Find the “Zoom” section in the menu and choose one of the following options: 1.Select the plus sign (+) to make everything on the page larger.
    1. You can also use the keyboard shortcuts “Ctrl” and “+” (Windows, Linux, and Chrome OS), or the Command Key (⌘) and “+” on a Mac.
    2. Select the minus sign (-) to make everything smaller. You can also use the keyboard shortcuts “Ctrl” and “–” (Windows, Linux, and Chrome OS), or the Command Key(⌘) and “–” on a Mac.
    3. To go into full-screen mode, use the keyboard shortcuts F11 (Windows and Linux), or Command Key (⌘) – Shift-F on a Mac. If you’re using Chrome OS, you can also press the Maximize Window key (max window key) at the top of your keyboard.
How to set the font size for all webpages

You can adjust the size of text on webpages.

  1. Select the Chrome menu () on the browser toolbar.
  2. Select “Settings.”
  3. Select “Show advanced settings.”
  4. In the “Web Content” section, use the “Font size” drop-down menu to make adjustments.

Some websites prevent the browser from changing just text size. For those sites, Chrome won’t be able to adjust the font size.

Opera

Opera information about fonts External link opens in new window or tab.

Changing fonts

To specify how fonts in different parts of the browser and webpages are displayed, go to Settings > Preferences > Advanced > Fonts and select an item in the list, and select “Choose”.

Note: You may have to enable “My fonts and colors” in Author mode or User mode to make font changes for webpage elements work.

Font size

If text appears too small on certain pages, increase the minimum font size to ensure readability.

Font color

Not all webpages clearly specify styling for all page elements. Use this preference setting to choose which colors to use, and whether links should be underlined in such cases.

International fonts

If international characters appear incorrectly on a webpage, try changing the font used for the respective language.

Note: You may have to install fonts that are missing on your system.

Webpage fonts

Not all webpages clearly specify styling for all page elements. To choose which fonts to use in these cases, go to Settings > Preferences > Webpages.

Safari

Zoom in on webpages External link opens in new window or tab.

You can make text and images larger so they’re easier to view.
•Make the webpage content larger: Choose View > Zoom In, press the Command Key (⌘) – Plus Sign (+), or pinch open on your trackpad. To make only text larger, choose View > Zoom Text Only before you zoom in.
•To set a minimum font size for webpages: Choose Safari > Preferences, select Advanced, then select “Never use font sizes smaller than.” Select the pop-up menu and choose the minimum font size you want.
•Expand to full-screen view: Select the green full-screen button (green dot) in the top-left corner of the browser window, or press Control-Command Key (⌘)-F. To return to standard view, move the pointer to the top-left corner of the screen, then click the green full-screen button again, or press Control-Command Key (⌘)-F.

Questions:   Web Services Office | tsdweb@cde.ca.gov
Last Reviewed: Monday, March 21, 2016
Recently Posted in Department Information