The purpose of juvenile court schools is to provide mandated, compulsory public education services for juvenile offenders who are under the protection or authority of the county juvenile justice system and are incarcerated in juvenile halls, juvenile homes, day centers, juvenile ranches, juvenile camps, or regional youth educational facilities. Juvenile court schools are operated through the county office of education.
The juvenile court school provides quality learning opportunities for students to complete a course of study leading to a high school diploma. A minimum day program for juvenile court schools is 240 minutes. Students must take all required public education assessments (e.g., the California High School Exit Examination, Standardized Testing and Reporting Program).
Upon release, or after the court terminates jurisdiction, students of ages sixteen to eighteen who are not exempt from compulsory school attendance are required to continue their public education. These students are provided planning and transition services critical to a successful transfer back to a public school.
In October 2010, there were 83 Juvenile Court Schools reporting an enrollment of 9,010 students. However, CDE demographic reports for prior school years indicate that the total number of students served by these schools over the entire year averaged over 42,000.