The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Amendments of 1997 created a new funding formula for Part B Sections 611 and 619 subgrants to local educational agencies (LEAs). The Section 619 change took effect immediately; the Section 611 change took effect when the national IDEA appropriation exceeded $4,924,672,000. The permanent funding formula took effect in 2000–01. Subsequently, California no longer calculates IDEA grants strictly on a per-pupil basis.
The permanent formula requires a three-component calculation for the total amount statewide. Each Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) grant award is determined according to this formula. The three major data components of the formula are:
- Base Amount: 1999 California Special Education Management Information System (CASEMIS), Special Education Enrollment, ages 3-21
- Population Amount: October 2013 California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement System (CALPADS) the Public School Enrollment, K-12, and October 2012 Private School Enrollment, K-12.
- Poverty Amount: October 2013 California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) Free and Reduced Meal Count, K-12
Note: Section 611 Base Amount is calculated using 1999 CASEMIS. Section 619 Base Amount is calculated using 1997 CASEMIS. The Section 611 statewide base amount remains the same at $323,428,031.
At the statewide level, the base amount per SELPA is calculated by dividing the statewide pupil count for ages 3 through 21 from the December 1, 1999, CASEMIS into the statewide base amount then proportionately distributed to each SELPA based on its 1999 CASEMIS pupil count. This amount is the base amount for each SELPA and is fixed for subsequent years. Adjustments in the base amount occur when a new SELPA is created, one or more SELPAs are combined, or its geographic or administrative boundaries change. Any proposed changes to local plans that affect SELPA configurations must address the reallocation of the base amounts.
Upon notice of the Federal award and the approved State Budget, the formula requires the Base amount to be subtracted from the approved total. Of this amount, 85 percent must be distributed on a pro-rata basis to LEAs according to public and private elementary and secondary school enrollment, and 15 percent on a pro-rata basis to LEAs according to the number of children in LEAs living in poverty.
Budget Act Appropriations
Each SELPA’s total grant is allocated based on the age and institutional groupings identified in the State Budget Act in Item 6110-161-0890, Schedules (1), (2) and (3). The enacted budget estimates the amounts for the three schedules and must be revised to correctly align with the federal formula. The 2014–15 amount allocated is $1,092,343,193.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Formula Chart
|2014–15 State Legislative Approved Allocated Award||$ 1,092,343,193|
|2014–15 Federal Allocation: California’s Base Amount||$ 323,428,031|
|Remaining Amount to be allocated as follows||$ 768,915,162|
|85 percent Population Amount||$ 653,577,888|
|15 percent Poverty Amount||$ 115,337,274|
Note: The above discussion addresses only the subgrants to LEAs and does not include subgrants issued under the other state level activities provision of IDEA, Part B, Subgrant 619, Preschool Grant.
For specific SELPA grant award amounts, go to the CDE Funding Web page and enter the keywords “special education."