Project Cal-WellA project to promote mental health awareness and wellness among California's kindergarten through twelfth grade students.
Funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Project Cal-Well is designed to raise awareness of mental health and expand access to school and community-based mental health services for youth, families and school communities.
Project Cal-Well was initially launched by the California Department of Education (CDE) in partnership with three Southern California local educational agencies (LEAs) from 2014-2019: Garden Grove Unified, ABC Unified and San Diego County Office of Education (COE). Building off successes and lessons learned from the first cycle, the CDE is partnering with three LEAs in Northern California for the second cycle (2019-2024): Humboldt, Stanislaus and Sacramento COEs. The University of California, San Francisco School Health Services Research & Evaluation Team is evaluating the initiative.
The CDE received two cohorts of five –year grants from SAMHSA to launch Project Cal-Well in 2014-19 (Cohort 1) and 2019-24 (Cohort 2). Using a three-component intervention model, Project Cal-Well strives to achieve the following goals:
Goal 1: Provide universal supports to create positive school climates that help school-aged youth develop skills to promote resilience and pro-social behaviors; avert development of mental and behavioral health disorders; and prevent youth violence.
Goal 2: Increase access to and availability of sustainable culturally competent and developmentally appropriate school-based mental health (SBMH) programs staffed by mental health staff to screen for, provide early intervention for, and to address any ongoing mental health needs of children with symptoms consistent with a mental disorder(s).
Goal 3: Build partnerships and cross-system collaborations to promote youth well-being and increase and improve access to sustainable culturally competent and developmentally appropriate community-based mental health services.
Cohort 2 (2019-24)
In Cohort 2, the CDE is expanding its work into Northern California partnering with the following LEAs, serving students and families from eight school districts from five counties:
- Humboldt County Office of Education
- Sacramento County Office of Education
- Stanislaus County Office of Education
Cohort 1 (2014-19)
In Cohort 1, the CDE served students and families from five school districts through a partnership with the following three LEAs in Southern California:
- ABC Unified School District
- Garden Grove Unified School District
- San Diego County Office of Education
Project Cal-Well Funding Results (2018-19)
Project Cal-Well Funding Results (2017-18)
Project Cal-Well Funding Results (2016-17)
Project Cal-Well Funding Results (2015-16) Project Cal-Well Funding Results (2014-15)
From 2015-16 to 2018-19:
- More students in Project Cal-Well schools reported willingness to seek help from a counselor, doctor or therapist if scared, stressed or depressed (secondary students increased from 15% to 19%, elementary from 22% to 27%); and
More Project Cal-Well school staff…
- Knew how to identify students who were in emotional distress or in need of mental health services (from 72% to 77%)
- Received support from their schools to address students’ mental health needs (from 51% to 62%)
- Were confident in their ability help students address their mental health needs (from 51% to 55%)
- Engaged in specific actions ten or more times in the past year to support students, including listening to students’ issues (from 41% to 52%), talking with them about their issues (42% to 49%), helping them to calm down (41% to 46%), and giving them information to help with their mental health related issues (19% to 24%).
- Referred students to services and supports for mental health needs, including school-based (75% to 85%) and community-based (from 24% to 42%) mental health services, crisis hotlines (8% to 20%), and self-help strategies (29% to 61%).
- Had put into practice their schools’ written policy about how to support students with mental health concerns, including suicide prevention and post-vention (from 13% to 26%).
A key component of Project Cal-Well is to deliver Youth Mental Health First Aid (YMHFA) training to district and school staff statewide, at no cost. YMHFA is a research-based curriculum created upon the medical first aid model. It is designed to provide parents, family members, caregivers, teachers, school staff, neighbors, and other caring adults with skills to help a school-age child or youth who may be experiencing emotional distress, the onset of a mental illness, addiction challenge or who may be in crisis. YMHFA participants learn to recognize signs and symptoms of children and youth in emotional distress, initiate and offer help, and connect the youth to professional care through a five-step action plan.
Unless it is used as a refresher, YMHFA training is not intended for staff with a mental health background such as school psychologists, social workers, clinicians, etc., due to its basic nature. The ideal audience includes teachers, administrators, nurses, counselors, and any other credentialed staff, classified staff (school secretaries, registrars, yard supervisors, campus monitors, bus drivers, lunch staff, janitors, aides, after school staff, etc.), parents, youth employers, and other community partners that have contact with students.
This no cost training is currently delivered virtually through two hours of self-paced learning and five and a half hours of instructor-led training. The training can be delivered in evenings, weekends, and is also available in Spanish.
YMHFA content now includes critical components such as cultural considerations, impact of culture on trauma, school violence and bullying, social media impacts, and self-care. Additionally, the training has been restructured to include information relevant to young children in the elementary school grades.
The CDE is seeking public, charter, and private schools, districts, and community organizations to host YMHFA training. For more information, please reference the letter from the SSPI which encourages county, district, and charter school administrators to take advantage of this free training.
To host YMHFA training for your staff, submit your request to YMHFA@cde.ca.gov.
NAMI on Campus High School Workshops (NCHS) and Club Support
The NCHS is a student-led club that focuses on mental health and wellness and provides a critical opportunity that fosters student involvement, promotes youth voice, awareness, and self-advocacy. The NCHS provides activities for youth that help decrease bullying and the stigma often experienced by those living with mental illness, potentially averting mental health crises, helping reduce youth suicide, and increasing school safety. Students involved in NCHS Clubs and activities are becoming lifelong advocates in the mission to eliminate the stigma and discrimination associated with mental illness and eliminate suicides. The goal of NCHS Workshops is to equip high school student teams and their advisors with information and support to start an NCHS Club on their campus. Through the workshop participants learn, in detail, the goal of NCHS Clubs, activities they can hold, local and statewide activities in which NCHS Clubs can participate, and how NAMI affiliates can support their work.
The California Department of Education contracts with the University of California, San Francisco’s Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies to conduct an independent evaluation of Project Cal-Well program activities. The following data collection instruments were created to assess the social emotional wellness and mental health needs and perceptions among students and school staff:
- Project Cal-Well School Staff Survey (PDF; Revised 02-May-2016)
- Project Cal-Well California Healthy Kids Survey - Elementary (PDF; Revised 26-Nov-2019)
- Project Cal-Well California Healthy Kids Survey - Secondary (PDF; Revised 26-Nov-2019)
UCSF Project Cal-Well Web page
Additional project briefs and survey results from the California Principal Mental Health Survey can be found at the above link.
Help for Students in Crisis
Resources for addressing mental health and wellness during school closures.
A Guide to Increase Mental Health Servies for Students (PDF)
This guide is created by Project Cal-Well, with input from the Student Mental Health Policy Workgroup, to assist schools and districts to build capacity to better address mental health challenges among students
Mental Health Resources
Resources to address coping with tragedy, crisis intervention and prevention, school psychology, and suicide prevention.
School Mental Health Referral Pathway Toolkit
Provides best practice guidance and strategies to support schools in referring and coordinating mental health services for students under a multi-tiered system of supports.
Positive School ClimateResources to create an engaging, safe, respectful and challenging school environment.
- Safe and Supportive Schools
Provides tools, resources, and external links to proven strategies to improve school safety and climate through a successful pilot project on 58 high schools.
- School Climate Improvement Resource Package
A variety of resource guides developed by the National Center on Safe Supportive Learning Environments.
Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports (PBIS)
PBIS provides a tiered intervention framework to deliver evidence based strategies to address student disciplinary issues.
Strategies on relationship and community building to prevent and address conflicts, and repair harm as a result of student behaviors or wrongdoings.
- International Institute for Restorative Practices
- Oakland Unified School District Restorative Justice
- San Francisco City Unified School District Restorative Practices
Social Emotional Learning (SEL)
Cultivating social and emotional competencies among students have shown to improve student motivation, reduce problematic behavior, and improve school climate.
- Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning
- Oakland Unified School District SEL
- Sacramento City Unified School District SEL
Trauma Informed Practices
Resources to help educators create trauma-informed schools and compassionate classrooms
- The National Child Traumatic Stress Network - Child Trauma Toolkit for Educators
- Treatment and Services Adaptation Center - Support for Trauma-Informed Schools and Resources for Traumatic Stress
- San Lorenzo Unified School District Trauma Informed Care Resources
Comprehensive Safe School Planning
The California Department of Education recommends that schools integrate mental health services through collaborative partnerships and/or include youth suicide prevention and postvention services into their school safety plan.
California Safe and Supportive Schools Newsletter
A monthly newsletter on school climate and mental health resources, trainings, and information.
K-12 Mental Health Listserv
To receive information about the K-12 Mental Health Services Act Prevention and Early Intervention planning and implementation process, send a blank message to email@example.com.
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