Independent StudyProvides key information and resources on independent study programs, including frequently asked questions and guidance for the provision of services.
Independent Study Program Summary
Independent study is an alternative to classroom instruction consistent with a local educational agency’s (LEA's) course of study and aligned with State content standards. The independent study program summary provides information on the purpose, services, outcomes, funding, and pupils served for independent study.
- Independent Study Modalities
Provides information on the two independent study instruction modalities that an LEA may adopt to serve their pupils.
- Guide to Independent Study
An overview of independent study describing the types of programs, key legal requirements, written or learning agreements, local board policy, funding, and attendance.
Participating in Independent Study
Independent study is available to pupils from transitional kindergarten through high school and is designed to respond to the pupil’s unique educational needs, interests, aptitudes, and abilities within the confines of legal authority and school board policy. Pupils who participate in independent study have the same course requirements as pupils in regular classes.
Participation in independent study must always be the choice of the pupil, and the parent, guardian, or caregiver, if the pupil is under the age of eighteen. LEAs shall not require or otherwise obligate the pupil’s participation in an independent study program. To learn more about independent study options, contact your local school district or county office of education.
Exemplary Independent Study
For many pupils, independent study is the educational option that enables them to most fully realize their potential. This alternative instructional strategy offers the flexibility to meet individual pupil needs, interests, and styles of learning. Independent study is not an alternative curriculum and independent study pupils are expected to meet the same educational objectives as all other pupils. By law, independent study education is to be substantially equivalent to classroom instruction.
Elements of Exemplary Independent Study
Outlines fundamental elements and indicators of exemplary independent study practice.
Independent Study Frequently Asked Questions
The Independent Study Frequently Asked Questions have been updated to reflect the changes to independent study.
Frequently asked questions with fiscal implications (i.e. average daily attendance, ratio requirements, instructional time, and other) are available on the Instructional Time and Attendance Accounting web page.
- Independent Study Directory
Contact information for the offices within the California Department of Education (CDE) responsible for specific areas of independent study.
- Independent Study Listserv
Join the independent study listserv to receive program information, including legislative updates, technical assistance and guidance opportunities, resources, and other pertinent materials.
- Legal Requirements for Independent Study
Provides basic requirements for operating a legally compliant independent study program. Independent study is governed by the California Education Code sections 51744–51749.6 .
- Ratio Calculations Instructions
Complete guidelines on how to calculate teacher-to-average daily attendance ratios for independent study, with examples.
- Independent Study—CalEdFacts
Provides a more detailed overview of independent study.
- 2022–23 Changes to Independent Study
Provides a summary of 2022–23 changes to independent study.
- Independent Study Pandemic Information
- Independent Study for 2021–22
Information based on Assembly Bill 130 and amendments in AB 167 as of September 10, 2021.
- AB 130 Letter on Changes to Independent Study
Preliminary information and guidance is provided to support LEAs in the development and implementation of the AB 130, Statutes of 2021, changes to independent study.
- Clarification for Student Learning in Quarantine
Guidance on quarantine as it relates to independent study.
- Independent Study for 2021–22
- Independent Study Additional Resources
Links to additional independent study information.