Data PrivacyLaws, policies, and best practices related to both general and student data privacy at the California Department of Education. It provides data privacy information for parents, teachers, local education agencies, and the general public.
Privacy of Student Records Collected and Maintained by the California Department of Education
To meet its statutory responsibilities, the California Department of Education (CDE) collects and maintains personally identifiable information (PII) from the education records of California students. Such information may include the following:
- Student’s name, identification number, address, race/ethnicity, gender, date of birth, place of birth, name and address of parent or guardian
- Attendance data
- Data regarding student progress, including grade level completed, school attended, course enrollment, academic work completed, and date of graduation
- Standardized test scores
- Disciplinary actions
- Data regarding eligibility for, or participation in, school lunch programs
- Data regarding eligibility for special education and special education services provided to the student
- Data regarding eligibility for other compensatory programs and special program services provided to the student
Data gathered by the CDE are used for many important purposes including:
- Calculating the California School Dashboard's Indicators of School Success (PDF)
- Generating DataQuest reports about California schools and districts
- Generating the CDE’s Downloadable Data Files
- Providing fiscal, demographic, and performance data on California’s K-12 Schools for Ed Data
- Calculating state and federal categorical funding disbursements via the Consolidated Application
- Calculating Local Control Funding Formula apportionments
- Administering Nutrition Services Programs
Related CDE Resources
- Data Requests
Information on policies and procedures for requesting CDE data
- Data Resource Guide
Catalog of the CDE’s data assets
- FERPA Summary Page
Summary information and links to information regarding the FERPA
- California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS)
Information regarding the CDE’s longitudinal data system
Outside Privacy Resources
The following is a list of data privacy resources developed and maintained outside of the CDE. While not vetted or endorsed by the CDE, these resources may provide assistance in understanding and navigating data privacy laws and issues.
- California Student Privacy Alliance
This unique collaborative of schools, districts, policy makers, privacy advocates, and professional organizations provides California’s educational stakeholders with a central location for seeing and sharing what educational technologies are being used and under what terms/conditions. Templates and sample language for contracts are provided to assist LEAs in developing state and federally-compliant educational technology contracts.
- Common Sense Media Privacy and Internet Safety
This Web site provides age-based tips for protecting kids online
- Common Sense Education EdTech Product Privacy Evaluations
This Web site provides privacy evaluations of over 100 commonly-used educational technology tools
- Common Sense Media What Is… ? Videos
This Web page provides links to short videos about apps kids are using and empowers parents, educators, and students with information on how to use the apps responsibly.
- Forum Guide to Education Data Privacy
This downloadable PDF was developed by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) Data Privacy Forum as a resource for state and local educational agencies (SEAs and LEAs) to use in assisting school staff in protecting the confidentiality of student data in instructional and administrative practices. SEAs and LEAs may also find the guide useful in developing privacy programs and related professional development programs.
- Data Privacy Guidebook
This downloadable PDF developed by a collaboration of the California County Superintendents Educational Services Association (CCSESA), California Educational Technology Professionals Association (CETPA), and others provides tips and guidance for complying with student data privacy laws and best practices.
- The United States Department of Education’s (ED’s) Protecting Student Privacy Web site
ED established this Web site as a resource for education stakeholders to learn about data privacy, confidentiality, and security practices related to student data.
- Student Privacy 101: FERPA for Parents and Students
This 4:03 minute video provides an overview of FERPA.
- FERPA Sherpa Student Privacy Resource Center
This resource developed and maintained by the nonprofit Future of Privacy Forum focuses on student data privacy and provides information from a variety of sources.
- Data Quality Campaign (DQC)
The DQC is an advocacy group that focuses on data privacy issues.
- On Guard Online
This Web site, managed by the FTC in partnership with other federal agencies, provides tips to help citizens be safe, secure, and responsible online. A variety of tools for parents/guardians, educators, and the general public are provided.
- Protect Kids Online
This is a resource developed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to help parents/guardians understand and manage the risks associated with their child(ren)’s online presence.
Data Privacy Laws
- California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018
- Student Online Personal Information Protection Act
- AB 1584 (Third Party Contracts)
- AB 1442 (Social Media)
- SB 178 (Electronic Devices)
- EC Section 49073
- Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) – 20 U.S.C. Section 1232g
- FERPA Regulations – 34 CFR Part 99
- Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) – 20 U.S.C. § 1232h
- Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) – 15 U.S.C. §§ 6501-6506
- COPPA Regulations – 16 CFR Part 312
- California Public Records Act (PRA) – California Government Code §§ 6250 – 6270
- California Information Practices Act (IPA) – California Civil Code §§ 1798-1798.1
- California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 5, §§ 430-438
- EC Section 60607
- The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. § 2, 1751) (PDF)
Educational Data Management Division/Education Data Office | firstname.lastname@example.org | 916-319-0586