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Legal Requirements for Independent Study

A list of basic requirements for operating a legally compliant independent study program.

California Education Code (EC) sections 51744–51749.6 External link opens in new window or tab. require that local educational agencies (LEAs) that claim apportionment for independent study must first adopt and implement written policies relating to independent study. The required written policies must be developed as specified in the California Code of Regulations, Title 5, Section 11701 and as provided in EC sections 51747 and 51749.5.

In addition to the required written policies, the following are legal requirements for apportionment:

  1. Every pupil engaged in independent study must be enrolled in a specified school of a school district or county office of education (EC Section 51748). This enrollment should be evident from the written agreement.
  2. The Average Daily Attendance (ADA) for independent study must fall within the teacher-to-ADA limits set by EC sections 51745.6 or 51749.5(b) to be eligible for apportionment.
  3. Pupils who are age nineteen to twenty-one must have been continuously enrolled since their eighteenth birthday for their ADA to be eligible for kindergarten through grade twelve apportionments. EC Section 46300.1
  4. No ADA may be claimed from independent study until the written agreement is completed (EC sections 46300.7, 51747[g][9], and 51749.6[b][1]), except that in the case of short-term independent study (fewer than 15 school days), LEAs have 10 days from the first day of independent study instruction to get all signatures on the written agreement. EC sections 41747(g)(9), 51749.6(b)(1)
  5. ADA may be claimed for traditional independent study only to the extent of the time value of pupil work products, as personally judged in each instance by a certificated teacher employed by the LEA or a combination of time value of the work product and participation in synchronous instruction, as applicable by grade level. EC Section 51747.5
  6. ADA may be claimed for course-based independent study to the extent that the pupil is making satisfactory educational progress in annually certified courses, to include meeting the minimum instructional minute requirements. EC sections 51749.5, 51749.6
  7. The LEAs may not claim ADA from independent study if it has provided any funds or other things of value to the pupil or his or her parent, guardian, or caregiver that the district does not provide to pupils who attend regular classes. EC Section 51747.3(a)
  8. No ADA is earned from the independent study of any pupil who meets residency requirements pursuant to subdivision (b) of EC Section 48204, where a parent or guardian is physically employed within the boundaries of that school district, but resides outside the school district boundaries. EC Section 51747.3(c)
  9. See the California Department of Education’s Instructional Time and Attendance Accounting web page for additional independent study condition of apportionment requirements.
Questions:   Independent Study |
Last Reviewed: Monday, September 26, 2022