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Appendix

California Infant/Toddler Learning & Development Foundations.
Important Notice: Programs Moved to CDSS

While the California Department of Education continues to operate the California State Preschool Program, the Early Childhood Development Act of 2020 (Senate Bill (SB) 98, Chapter 24, Statutes of 2020) authorized the transfer of many childcare programs from the California Department of Education to the California Department of Social Services (CDSS) effective July 1, 2021. The content on this page may include programs that have moved to CDSS. For additional assistance you can either visit the CDSS Child Care Transition web page External link opens in new window or tab. or call 1-833-559-2420 for more information.

Summary of Infant/Toddler Foundations

Social-Emotional Development
  • Interactions with Adults: The developing ability to respond to and engage with adults
  • Relationships with Adults: The development of close relationships with certain adults who provide consistent nurturance
  • Interactions with Peers: The developing ability to respond to and engage with other children
  • Relationships with Peers: The development of relationships with certain peers through interactions over time
  • Identity of Self in Relation to Others: The developing concept that the child is an individual operating within social relationships
  • Recognition of Ability: The developing understanding that the child can take action to influence the environment
  • Expression of Emotion: The developing ability to express a variety of feelings through facial expressions, movements, gestures, sounds, or words
  • Empathy: The developing ability to share in the emotional experiences of others
  • Emotion Regulation: The developing ability to manage emotional responses with assistance from others and independently
  • Impulse Control: The developing capacity to wait for needs to be met, to inhibit potentially hurtful behavior, and to act according to social expectations, including safety rules
  • Social Understanding: The developing understanding of the responses, communication, emotional expressions, and actions of other people
Language Development
  • Receptive Language: The developing ability to understand words and increasingly complex utterances
  • Expressive Language: The developing ability to produce the sounds of language and use vocabulary and increasingly complex utterances
  • Communication Skills and Knowledge: The developing ability to communicate nonverbally and verbally
  • Interest in Print: The developing interest in engaging with print in books and in the environment
Cognitive Development
  • Cause-and-Effect: The developing understanding that one event brings about another
  • Spatial Relationships: The developing understanding of how things move and fit in space
  • Problem Solving: The developing ability to engage in a purposeful effort to reach a goal or figure out how something works
  • Imitation: The developing ability to mirror, repeat, and practice the actions of others, either immediately or later
  • Memory: The developing ability to store and later retrieve information about past experiences
  • Number Sense: The developing understanding of number and quantity
  • Classification: The developing ability to group, sort, categorize, connect, and have expectations of objects and people according to their attributes
  • Symbolic Play: The developing ability to use actions, objects, or ideas to represent other actions, objects, or ideas
  • Attention Maintenance: The developing ability to attend to people and things while interacting with others and exploring the environment and play materials
  • Understanding of Personal Care Routines: The developing ability to understand and participate in personal care routines
Perceptual and Motor Development
  • Perceptual Development: The developing ability to become aware of the social and physical environment through the senses
  • Gross Motor: The developing ability to move the large muscles
  • Fine Motor: The developing ability to move the small muscles

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Questions:   Early Learning and Care Division | itfoundations@cde.ca.gov | 916-322-6233
Last Reviewed: Wednesday, June 16, 2021
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