Skip to main content
California Department of Education Logo

Child Care Reporting--Child's Primary Language

Child's Primary Language


A student's primary language is identified by the Home Language Survey as the language first learned, most frequently used at home, or most frequently spoken by the parents or adults in the home.

Where to Find It

This information is collected on the CD-9600 Confidential Application for Child Development Services and Certification of Eligibility and located in Section IV, Data on Children, 7. Native Language, Language Code.

Rules and Guidelines

Report the child’s primary language. If the child speaks more than one language, select the language in which they are the most fluent. The languages and codes below are the same as those listed on the CD-9600 form.

  • This information is required.
  • For agencies submitting an electronic file, enter the code associated with the child's primary language listed below.
  • For agencies using web input, select the child's primary language from the dropdown list.
Language Code Language Code Language Code
Arabic 11 Hungarian 24 Punjabi 28


12 Ilocano 25 Russian 29
Assyrian 42 Indonesian 26 Rumanian 45
Burmese 13 Italian 27 Samoan 30
Cantonese 03 Japanese 08 Serbian 31
Cebuano (Visayan) 36 Khmer (Cambodian) 09 Serbo-Croatian 52
Chaldean 54 Khmu 50 Spanish 01
Chamarro (Guamanian) 20 Korean 04 Taiwanese 46
Chaozhou (Chaochow) 39 Kurdish 51 Thai 32
Croation 14 Lahu 47 Toishanese 53
Dutch 15 Lao 10 Tongan 34
English 00 Mandarin (Putonghua) 07 Turkish 33
Farsi (Persian) 16 Marshallese 48 Ukrainian 38
French 17 Mien 44 Urdu 35
German 18 Mixteco 49 Vietnamese 02


19 Native American Languages 88 Other Languages of China 55
Gujarati 43 Pashto 40 Other Languages of the Philippines 66
Hebrew 21 Pilipino (Tagalong) 05 Other non-English 99
Hindi 22 Polish 41 N/A N/A
Hmong 23 Portuguese 06 N/A N/A

Error Messages and Solutions

"Child's Primary Language" must be a valid two digit language code. [801A File Transfer]

The information in the upload file for the Child's Primary Language is not a valid code.


Confirm you have entered a two-digit code from the list above.

Answer to Child's Primary Language is required. [801A Web Input/Edit], [801A File Transfer]

The question “Child's Primary Language” has not been answered.


Confirm that you have selected a primary language for the child.

FAQs About Child's Primary Language

Question 1

How do I know which is the primary language?


The child data section of the CD-9600 should list the code for the primary language.

Question 2

What if the family files does not contain this information?


This information is required on the CD-9600. If it is missing, you will need to contact the family to obtain the primary language and update the information in the family file.

Question 3

What if the family indicates a primary language that is not listed?


If the language on the CD-9600 is not on the list, choose "Other non-English" for this child.

Questions:   CDMIS Staff | | 916-445-1907
Last Reviewed: Thursday, June 8, 2017
Recently Posted in Child Development

  • Draft Letter to Governor (added 16-Oct-2017)
    Draft letter to Governor Brown requesting authorization for the State Advisory Council on Early Learning and Care (SAC) to update and improve the 2013 California Comprehensive Early Learning Plan (CCELP).
  • Letter to the State Advisory Council (added 16-Oct-2017)
    Letter to the State Advisory Council requesting that the SAC approve a motion to transmit the following letter to the Governor.
  • October 2017 Meeting Materials (added 16-Oct-2017)
    This page contains supplemental materials that will be presented at the October 2017 State Advisory Council Meeting.
  • Management Bulletin 17-13 (added 11-Oct-2017)
    Management Bulletin 17-13 informs contractors that they may use digital applications to allow families to apply for child care and development services.
  • Budget Act of 2017 Implementation FAQ (added 10-Oct-2017)
    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) in relation to the changes from the Budget Act of 2017.