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Employment - School Preparation

School-based preparatory experiences occur in the educational environment. This section focuses on engaging students in instruction, career assessment, career exploration, and career planning.

As students prepare to transition from the K-12 educational system into adulthood, there is a strong focus on employment. The National Post-school Outcomes Center defines employment:

  • Competitive employment means that youth have worked for pay at or above the minimum wage in a setting with others who are nondisabled for a period of 20 hours a week for at least 90 days at any time in the year since leaving high school. This includes military employment.

  • Some other employment means youth have worked for pay or been self-employed for a period of at least 90 days in the year since leaving high school. This includes working for a family business (e.g., farm, store, fishing, ranching, catering services, etc.).

The employment section of this site offers links to resources that help students set and achieve their postsecondary employment goals and plan for their future. It also provides links to resources for teachers, parents and other youth serving professionals. It is divided into sections that address school preparatory experiences, career development and work-based learning, youth leadership, family role, and collaboration with key stakeholders.

School Preparation

School-based preparatory experiences occur in the classroom and the educational environment. This section focuses on engaging students in instruction, career assessment, career exploration, and career planning. Evidence-based practices that have proven effective in the classroom are career awareness, work experience and work-based learning.

Transition Planning: The Basics External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF; 54MB)
School-based preparatory experiences are referenced on pages 12-19 and page 26 of this guide.

These pages also provide information on how to comply with elements 1-6 of the Indicator 13 requirements of the California Annual Performance Report (APR) External link opens in new window or tab. .

Interest Inventories, Vocational Evaluations, and Transition Assessments

California Career Resource Network E-Portfolio External link opens in new window or tab.
Includes assessment resources, student e-portfolio, California Career Center, California Career Zone, and Career Surfer Mobile Application.

Transition Coalition E-Jam Assessment External link opens in new window or tab.
Registration on this site would allow log in, and review of peer reviewed assessments.

Transition Health Care Checklist External link opens in new window or tab.
A tool to evaluate transition needs and health care needs.

Independent Living Checklist for Youth with Disabilities External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
An independent living checklist.

Curriculum and Instruction

National Center for Universal Design for Learning External link opens in new window or tab.
Provides basic concepts for Universal Design for Learning (UDL) and UDL guidelines for implementation.

Integrating Career Awareness Curriculum External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
A guide for integrating career awareness into the classroom.

Individualized Learning Plan Curriculum External link opens in new window or tab.
This guide is designed for schools, educators, and other professionals who assist youth with college and career readiness and transition planning. This guide was developed in response to feedback from schools indicating a need for curriculum and implementation guidelines to support whole-school buy-in for implementing individualized learning plans (ILPs). A key goal of the guide is to help schools develop a bridge between college and career readiness efforts through the use of ILPs and help youth achieve prosperous and productive lives. The career development activities and resources in this guide are also useful for youth serving professionals in the workforce development system.

Buck Institute for Education Project Based Learning External link opens in new window or tab.
In Project Based Learning (PBL), students go through an extended process of inquiry in response to a complex question, problem, or challenge. Rigorous projects help students learn key academic content and practice 21st Century Skills such as collaboration, communication and critical thinking. This site provides resources to understanding and implementing PBL.

Career Exploration and Research

O’NET External link opens in new window or tab.
O*NET Online is a tool for career exploration and job information. It has detailed descriptions of the world of work for use by job seekers, students, and more.

My Next Move External link opens in new window or tab.
A user-friendly version of O’NET for students and job seekers with easy-to-use search and career overviews and links to the Web-based Interest Profiler.

Labor Market Career Exploration Tools
Includes California Career Guides, employment projections, employers in the region and in your community.

Specific Disability Populations

Do2learn Job Tips External link opens in new window or tab.
Offers real world examples and assistance to teens and adults transitioning to the workplace. It provides learning resources, guided exercises, graphic organizers, role-playing scenario cards, prescreening tests, video tutorials, and visual prompts to help individuals with any learning style get and keep a job.

Office of Disability Employment Policy Healthy Transitions External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)
Healthy Transitions: A Pathway to Employment for Youth with Chronic Health Conditions and Other Disabilities.

American Federation for the Blind External link opens in new window or tab.
CareerConnect is an employment information resource developed by the American Foundation for the Blind for job seekers who are blind or visually impaired. CareerConnect presents employment information, career exploration tools, and extensive job seeking guidance for students and adults with vision loss and the professionals who work with them.

Disability Benefits External link opens in new window or tab.
Disability Benefits 101 gives you tools and information on health coverage, benefits, and employment. Users can plan ahead and learn how work and benefits go together.

Questions:   Programs and Partnerships Unit | 916-327-0878
Last Reviewed: Monday, October 11, 2021
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