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Breakfast Meal Pattern (Grades K-12)


Amount of Fooda Per Week (Minimum Per Day)
Meal Pattern Grades
K–12
Grades
K–5
Grades
K–8
Grades
6–8
Grades
6–12
Grades
9–12
Fruits (cups)b,c
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
Vegetables (cups)b, c
0
0
0
0
0
0
Grain Minimums (oz eq)d
9-10 (1)*
7-10 (1)*
8-10 (1)*
8-10 (1)*
9-10 (1)*
9-10 (1)*
Meat/Meat Alternate
Minimums (oz eq)e
0
0
0
0
0
0
Fluid Milk (Cups)f
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
5 (1)
Other Specifications: Daily Amount Based on the Average for a 5-Day Week
Meal Pattern Grades
K–12
Grades
K–5
Grades
K–8
Grades
6–8
Grades
6–12
Grades
9–12
Min-max calories (kcal)g,h
450–500
350–500
400–500
400–550
450–550
450–600
Saturated fat
(% of calories)h
<10% of calories
<10% of calories
<10% of calories
<10% of calories
<10% of calories
<10% of calories
Sodium
Target 1 (mg)h,I
≤ 540 mg
≤ 540 mg
≤ 540 mg
≤ 600 mg
≤ 600 mg
≤ 640 mg

Reference Only
Sodium
Target  2 (mg)h,I
(Optional)

≤ 485 mg
≤ 485 mg
≤ 485 mg
≤ 535 mg
≤ 535 mg
≤ 570 mg

Trans fath-Nutrition label or manufacturer specifications must indicate zero grams of trans fat (< 0.5 grams) per serving

*U.S. Department of Agriculture has lifted the weekly maximums for grains. The daily and weekly minimums for grains and the weekly calorie ranges still apply. The maximums are used as a guide for menu planning purposes only.

a Food items included in each group and subgroup and amount equivalents. Minimum creditable serving is ⅛ cup.

b One quarter-cup of dried fruit counts as ½ cup of fruit; 1 cup of leafy greens counts as ½ cup of vegetables. All juice must be 100% full-strength. Frozen 100% juice without added sugar can be used.

c Vegetables may be substituted for fruits, but the first two cups per week of any such substitution must be from the dark green, red/orange, beans and peas (legumes) or ""Other vegetables"" subgroups, as defined in 210.10(c)(2)(iii).

d All grains must be whole grain-rich. Schools may substitute 1 oz. eq. of meat/meat alternate for 1 oz. eq. of grains after the minimum daily grains requirement is met. Meat/meat alternates may be offered as extra food items that do not count toward the grain component or as food items for OVS. These extra food items need to be included in the weekly calories, sodium, and saturated fat.

e There is no meat/meat alternate requirement.

f All fluid milk must be 1 percent milk fat or fat- free (unflavored or flavored).

g The average daily calories for a 5-day school week must be within the range (at least the minimum and no more than the maximum values).

h Discretionary sources of calories (solid fats and added sugars) may be added to the meal pattern if within the specifications for calories, saturated fat, trans fat, and sodium.

i Target 1 sodium levels must be met. The Target 2 sodium level is optional; however, schools are encouraged to continue to reduce sodium levels.

Please note: For offer versus serve, every student must take either ½ cup fruit (or substituted vegetable) or a combination of both to count as a reimbursable meal.

Questions:   Nutrition Services Division | 800-952-5609
Last Reviewed: Thursday, December 6, 2018
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