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Title I, Part A Reservations

Required and authorized reservations of Title I, Part A funds by local educational agencies.

Local educational agencies (LEAs) are required and allowed to reserve Title I, Part A funds, before allocating to schools, to provide comparable services to students in Title I, Part A funded schools to ensure that all students receive a high-quality education and to close the achievement gap between students meeting the challenging State academic standards and those that are not meeting such standards.

Required Reservations

According to the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), LEAs are required to reserve specific amounts of funds on identified programs as well as have the discretion to reserve additional Title I, Part A funds for other allowable activities. Under ESSA, LEAs are required to reserve funds for (1) Parent and family engagement activities; (2) Students who are in homeless situations; and (3) Students who reside in local neglected and delinquent institutions.

Parent and Family Engagement Reservation

Under the (ESSA Section 1116[a][3]), an LEA with an allocation in excess of $500,000 must reserve at a minimum one percent of the LEA’s Title I, Part A entitlement of the fiscal year for the parent and family engagement activities.

School-Level: At a minimum, 90 percent of the one percent reserved must be distributed to schools for parent and family engagement activities.

LEA-Level: The LEA has the discretion to use the remaining 10 percent of the reserved funds for parent and family engagement activities at the LEA level or to include those funds in the distribution to schools.

LEAs are allowed to increase reservations (by more than one percent) for parent and family engagement activities both at the school and LEA level. The “Title I, Part A Reservations” form in the Consolidated Application Reporting System (CARS) is designed to accommodate the flexibility.

If an LEA receives $500,000 or less in Title I, Part A allocations in a fiscal year, the LEA is not required to reserve any specific amount of Title I, Part A funds for parent and family engagement activities. However, the provisions for parent and family engagement under ESSA Section 1116 must still be implemented.

Additional information is available on the California Department of Education (CDE) Title I, Part A Parent and Family Engagement web page.

Homeless Services Reservation

LEAs must reserve Title I, Part A funds for homeless children and youths, including providing educationally related support services to children in shelters and other locations where children may live, that are necessary to provide services comparable to those services provided to students in both Title I and non Title I funded schools (ESSA Section 1113[c][3][A][i]).

To determine the amount of Title I, Part A funds to be reserved, LEAs shall base the decision on the total Title I, Part A allocation received by the LEA and prior to any allowable expenditures or transfers by the LEA (ESSA Section 1113[c][3][B]).

Additional information is available on the CDE Resources for Homeless Children and Youths web page.

Neglected and Delinquent Reservation

LEAs shall reserve Title I, Part A funds as are necessary to provide comparable services to ensure that neglected and delinquent children receive a high-quality education and meet the challenging State academic standards (ESSA Section 1112[b]). The Title I, Part A Neglected Reservation is only required by the LEA if there are students in an eligible institution for neglected children and youth and if these neglected children and youth attend a non-Title I school.

LEAs shall use the reserved funds to serve children residing in local institutions for neglected children, and if appropriate, children residing in local institutions for delinquent children, and neglected or delinquent students in community day programs (ESSA Section 1113[c][3][A][ii]-[iii]). Such reservation shall be determined based on the total allocation received by the LEA and prior to any allowable expenditures or transfers by the LEA (ESSA Section 1113[c][3][B]-[C]).

Additional information is available on the CDE Title I, Part A Neglected and Delinquent Reservation web page.

Title I, Part A Authorized Reservations

Public School Choice

Beginning in the 2017–18 school year, with the enactment of the ESSA, the NCLB Choice program is no longer required. Although LEAs must allow students who previously transferred to another public school to remain in that school until they complete the highest grade offered in that school, LEAs are no longer required to reserve a reasonable amount of funds to pay for transportation. Public School Choice under ESSA is an allowable reservation. If an LEA decides to reserve funds for Public School Choice transportation costs, funds are reserved in the "Authorized Reservations" section of the "Title I, Part A LEA Allocation and Reservations" form in the winter release of the CARS.

Additional information is available on the CDE School Choice web page.

Districtwide Title I Initiatives

In addition to required Title I, Part A reservations, LEAs are authorized to reserve Title I, Part A funds to implement districtwide Title I initiatives. These initiatives are designed to improve the achievement of Title I students districtwide to benefit all, or a group, of Title I schools in the district. In general, an LEA may not use Title I, Part A funds to benefit students in non-Title I schools except such students who are homeless, neglected or delinquent who may be attending non-Title I schools within the LEA (ESSA Section 1113[c][3][C]). Reserving Title I, Part A funds for districtwide activities may be reasonable if these activities are LEA-level responsibilities specified in the ESSA.

LEAs may reserve Title I, Part A funds to provide districtwide services pursuant to the ESSA including but not limited to ESSA Sections 1111(d), 1112, 1113, 1116, and 1119. LEAs should consider the general criteria on the CDE Title I, Part A Authorized Use of Funds web page when approving activities or expenditures supported with Title I, Part A funds.

U.S. Department of Education Resources

Text of the ESEA as reauthorized by the ESSA (October 5, 2017) External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)

Non-regulatory Guidance - Local Educational Agency Identification and Selection of School Attendance Areas and Schools and Allocation of Title I Funds to Those Areas and Schools External link opens in new window or tab. (DOC)

Questions:   Title I Policy and Program Guidance Office | TitleI@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0917
Last Reviewed: Wednesday, December 19, 2018
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