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Targeted/Additional Targeted Support & Improvement


The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires state educational agencies to determine school eligibility for targeted support and improvement (TSI) and additional targeted support and improvement (ATSI).

Schools that meet the criteria for TSI or ATSI must partner with stakeholders to develop and implement a school-level plan to improve student outcomes.

Note: Information regarding the ESSA Assistance Data file, Frequently Asked Questions, and other related resources will be added to this web page as they become available.

School Eligibility

The California Department of Education (CDE) will use the California School Dashboard (Dashboard) to determine school eligibility for TSI and ATSI. Title I and non-Title I schools are eligible for TSI and ATSI.

Targeted Support and Improvement Criteria

Schools with one or more student groups that, for two consecutive years, meet the same criteria for the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools for Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) are eligible for TSI.

Schools are eligible for TSI for the first time in 2019–20. The TSI identification process will occur annually and the State Board of Education (SBE) will discuss the TSI timeline at future SBE meetings.

Additional Targeted Support and Improvement Eligibility

Schools are eligible for ATSI if they are among schools eligible for TSI and if any student group at the school, on its own, meets the criteria for the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools for CSI.

Schools are eligible for ATSI once every three years. California will determine ATSI eligibility for the first time in 2018–19.

For information related to eligibility criteria of the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools for CSI, visit the CSI web page.

Additional Information

2018 California School Dashboard Technical Guide (PDF; 3MB)
Pages 146 through 147

Program Requirements

School Plans

Assembly Bill 716 External link opens in new window or tab., signed by the Governor on September 18, 2018, and codified in the California Education Code sections 64001–65001, streamlines and aligns state and federal planning processes. Effective January 1, 2019, this law renames the Single Plan for Student Achievement to the School Plan for Student Achievement (SPSA). Additionally, the law contains the following key provisions:

  • Allows the SPSA to meet ESSA requirements for comprehensive or targeted support and improvement planning

  • Allows single school districts and charter schools to utilize the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) to serve as the SPSA, provided that the LCAP meets the ESSA school planning requirements and the stakeholder requirements established in subdivision (a) of Section 52062

Federal planning requirements are established in the California Education Code Section 64001 External link opens in new window or tab..

Targeted Support and Improvement

California will notify each local educational agency (LEA) in the State of any school served by the LEA, in which any subgroup of students is consistently underperforming.

Upon notification by the State, the LEA is required to:

  • Provide notification to such school with respect to which student group or student groups in such school are consistently underperforming

  • Approve and monitor implementation of each school plan

  • Take additional action following unsuccessful implementation of such school plan after a number of years determined by the LEA

Upon notification by the LEA, the school is required to partner with stakeholders to:

  • Develop and implement a school-level plan to improve student outcomes

    The school plan must:

    • be based on indicators in the statewide accountability system and informed by all indicators, including student performance against long-term goals; and

    • include evidence-based interventions.

Additional Targeted Support and Improvement

ATSI program requirements are the same as for TSI. However, schools that meet the criteria for ATSI shall identify resource inequities, which may include a review of LEA- and school-level budgeting, to be addressed through implementation of their school plan.

Additional Information

ESSA funding is not available for LEAs that serve schools that meet the criteria for TSI or ATSI.

Questions:   School Improvement and Support Office | SISO@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0833
Last Reviewed: Tuesday, January 8, 2019
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