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Targeted/Additional Targeted Support & Improvement


The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires state educational agencies to determine school eligibility for targeted support and improvement (TSI) and additional targeted support and improvement (ATSI).

Schools that meet the criteria for TSI or ATSI must partner with stakeholders to develop and implement a school-level plan to improve student outcomes.

Public Release of the Data File for Schools that Meet the Criteria for Support and Improvement in 2018–19
Correspondence sent to County and District Superintendents and Charter School Administrators regarding the eligibility of schools for support and improvement in 2018–19.

School Eligibility

The California Department of Education (CDE) will use the California School Dashboard (Dashboard) to determine school eligibility for TSI and ATSI. Title I and non-Title I schools are eligible for TSI and ATSI.

Data File

ESSA Assistance Status Data Files

Additional Information

2018 California School Dashboard Technical Guide (PDF; 3MB)
Pages 146 through 147

Targeted Support and Improvement Criteria

Schools with one or more student groups that, for two consecutive years, meet the same criteria for the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools for Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) are eligible for TSI.

Schools are eligible for TSI for the first time in 2020–21 and the identification process will occur annually.

Additional Targeted Support and Improvement Eligibility

Schools are eligible for ATSI if they are among schools eligible for TSI and if any student group at the school, on its own, meets the criteria for the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools for CSI.

Schools are eligible for ATSI once every three years. California will determine ATSI eligibility for the first time in 2018–19.

For information related to eligibility criteria of the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools for CSI, visit the CSI web page.

Program Requirements

School Plans

Assembly Bill 716 External link opens in new window or tab., signed by the Governor on September 18, 2018, and codified in the California Education Code sections 64001–65001, streamlines and aligns state and federal planning processes. Effective January 1, 2019, this law renames the Single Plan for Student Achievement to the School Plan for Student Achievement (SPSA). Additionally, the law contains the following key provisions:

  • Allows the SPSA to meet ESSA requirements for comprehensive or targeted support and improvement planning

  • Allows single school districts and charter schools to utilize the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) to serve as the SPSA, provided that the LCAP meets the ESSA school planning requirements and the stakeholder requirements established in subdivision (a) of Section 52062 External link opens in new window or tab..

Federal planning requirements are established in the California Education Code Section 64001 External link opens in new window or tab..

Targeted Support and Improvement

California will notify each local educational agency (LEA) in the State of any school served by the LEA, in which any subgroup of students is consistently underperforming.

Upon notification by the State, the LEA is required to:

  • Provide notification to such school with respect to which student group or student groups in such school are consistently underperforming

  • Approve and monitor implementation of each school plan

  • Take additional action following unsuccessful implementation of such school plan after a number of years determined by the LEA

Upon notification by the LEA, the school is required to partner with stakeholders to:

  • Develop and implement a school-level plan to improve student outcomes

    The school plan must:

    • be based on indicators in the statewide accountability system and informed by all indicators, including student performance against long-term goals; and

    • include evidence-based interventions.

Additional Targeted Support and Improvement

ATSI program requirements are the same as for TSI. However, schools that meet the criteria for ATSI shall identify resource inequities, which may include a review of LEA- and school-level budgeting, to be addressed through implementation of their school plan.

Additional Information

LCAP and SPSA instructions for TSI and ATSI are located on the LCAP Web page.

ESSA funding is not available for LEAs that serve schools that meet the criteria for TSI or ATSI.

Technical Assistance

For questions regarding the eligibility criteria for TSI and ATSI, please contact the Data Visualization and Reporting Office, by email at lcffessadata@cde.ca.gov or by phone at 916-322-3245.

For information regarding the Local Control and Accountability Plan and school planning processes, please contact the Local Agency Systems Support Office by email at LCFF@cde.ca.gov or by phone at 916-323-LCFF (5233).

Frequently Asked Questions

TSI Questions

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  1. What is General Assistance?

    General Assistance refers to the support available for all LEAs and schools within Level 1 of California’s system of support. For more information on Level 1, please see the Levels of Support on California’s System of Support web page.

  2. Which schools are eligible for Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI)?

    All schools (traditional, charter, Dashboard Alternative School Status [DASS], Title I, and non-Title I) with two years of Dashboard outcomes that meet the relevant criteria for TSI are eligible for support from the LEA. It is also important to note that schools must be active in the year that eligibility is determined for TSI.

    However, the ESSA requires the CDE to determine school eligibility for ATSI beginning in the 2018–19 school year. To meet this requirement, all schools that meet the relevant criteria for TSI in the 2018–19 school year will be made eligible for ATSI.

  3. Are Dashboard Alternative School Status (DASS) schools with fewer than 100 students exempted from implementation of TSI activities?

    DASS schools with fewer than 100 students are not exempted from implementation of TSI activities. However, those schools have flexibility within the school planning process to focus on the Dashboard state indicators that are more appropriate to the nature of their program.

  4. How often is school eligibility determined for TSI?

    The CDE will determine school eligibility for TSI for the first time in the 2020-21 school year. The school eligibility process for TSI will occur annually, thereafter. As the school eligibility process for TSI evolves, additional information will be provided.

  5. What happens after a school is determined eligible for TSI?

    Information relating to TSI program requirements is located on the CDE TSI/ATSI web page.

    • For example, a school that meets the criteria for CSI will not be eligible for TSI or ATSI at the same time.

    Any school that is not first selected for CSI will remain in the pool from which TSI schools will be selected.

  6. For single school districts and charter schools that use the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) in place of the School Plan, what does it mean to have an LCAP that meets federal TSI planning requirements?

    For single school districts utilizing the LCAP to meet federal school planning requirements for TSI, any changes made to the goal, expected outcomes, metrics, or actions and services shall meet the TSI planning requirements. TSI planning requirements are listed under each section of the Instructions. For example, as a result of the Annual Update, if changes are made to a goal(s), see the Goal section for TSI planning requirements.

    Single school districts and charter schools using the LCAP in place of the School Plan shall include evidence-based interventions in the LCAP sections titled “Planned Actions/Services,” “For Actions/Services Not Contributing to Meeting the Increased or Improved Services Requirement,” “For Actions/Services Contributing to Meeting the Increased or Improved Services Requirement,” and “Actions/Services.”

    LCAP and School Plan instructions are located on the LCAP web page.

  7. Are ESSA, Section 1003 funds available to support schools eligible for TSI?

    ESSA, Section 1003 funds are not available to support TSI activities.

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ATSI Questions

  1. Which schools are eligible for Additional Targeted Support and Improvement (ATSI)?

    All schools (traditional, charter, Dashboard Alternative School Status [DASS], Title I, and non-Title I) with two years of Dashboard outcomes that meet the relevant ATSI criteria are eligible for support from the LEA. It is important to note that schools must be active in the year that eligibility is determined for ATSI.

    However, the ESSA requires the CDE to determine school eligibility for ATSI beginning in the 2018–19 school year. To meet this requirement, all schools that meet the relevant criteria for TSI in the 2018–19 school year will be made eligible for ATSI.

  2. Are Dashboard Alternative School Status (DASS) schools with fewer than 100 students exempted from implementation of ATSI activities?

    DASS schools with fewer than 100 students are not exempted from implementation of ATSI activities. However, those schools have flexibility within the school planning process to focus on the Dashboard state indicators that are more appropriate to the nature of their program.

  3. Which criteria will the California Department of Education (CDE) use to determine school eligibility for ATSI?

    The criteria for Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI) and ATSI are closely aligned (the color combinations are the same). The only difference is the timeline for eligibility. ESSA requires the State to determine school eligibility for ATSI in the 2018–19 school year; therefore, any school that is eligible for TSI will automatically be moved into ATSI. As a result, there will be no schools eligible for TSI support in 2018–19. The first year that California will determine eligibility for TSI is 2020–21.

    The CDE will use the California School Dashboard (Dashboard) state indicators to determine school eligibility for ATSI. Schools with one or more student groups that, for two consecutive years, meet the same criteria used to select not less than the lowest-performing five percent of Title I schools, will be eligible for ATSI. Please note, the color combination of a student group(s) that leads to school eligibility for ATSI does not have be the same for both years.

    California’s approved Every Student Succeeds Act State Plan provides the criteria by which schools are eligible for ATSI:

    • Student group with all red indicators (a student group must have at least two indicators with color-coded performance levels to qualify under this criterion)
    • Student group with all red but one indicator of any other color
    • Student group with five or more indicators where the majority are red
    • Student group with all red and orange indicators.
  1. Can schools be eligible for more than one ESSA school support category at a time?

    Support categories are hierarchical; therefore, schools can only be eligible for one support category at a time.

    • For example, a school that meets the criteria for ATSI would not be eligible for CSI or TSI at the same time.
  1. How often is school eligibility determined for ATSI?

    The CDE will determine school eligibility for ATSI for the first time in the 2018-19 school year. The school eligibility process for ATSI occurs once every three years. As the school eligibility process for ATSI evolves, additional information will be provided.

  2. Which student groups and indicators will the CDE use to determine school eligibility for ATSI?

    The following student groups will be used to determine school eligibility for ATSI based on student group performance:

    • African American
    • American Indian
    • Asian
    • English Learner
    • Filipino
    • Foster Youth
    • Hispanic
    • Homeless
    • Two or More Races
    • Pacific Islander
    • Socioeconomically Disadvantaged
    • Students w/Disabilities
    • White


    The following state indicators from the 2018 Dashboard will be used to determine school eligibility for ATSI based on student group performance:

    • Academic Indicator (reported separately for English Language Arts/Literacy [ELA] and mathematics assessments)
    • Graduation Rate Indicator
    • Suspension Rate Indicator
    • Chronic Absenteeism Indicator
    • College/Career Readiness Indicator
    • Suspension Rate Indicator

    The following state indicators from the 2017 Dashboard will be used to determine schools eligibility for ATSI based on student group performance:

    • Academic Indicator (reported separately for English Language Arts/Literacy [ELA] and mathematics assessments)
    • English Learner Progress Indicator
    • Graduation Rate Indicator
    • Suspension Rate Indicator

    Additional indicators may be added in future years.

  3. How will a school be notified that it is eligible for ATSI?

    Prior to publishing the assistance file for school support, the CDE will provide all LEAs in the state with a preview of the data. The ESSA requires that the LEA notify each of its schools of the student group or groups that resulted in the school’s eligibility for ATSI.

  4. What requirements apply to local educational agencies with schools eligible for ATSI?

    For single school districts and charter schools that use the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) in place of the School Plan, what does it mean to have an LCAP that meets federal ATSI planning requirements?

    For single school districts utilizing the LCAP to meet federal school planning requirements for ATSI, any changes made to the goal, expected outcomes, metrics, or actions and services shall meet the ATSI planning requirements. ATSI planning requirements are listed under each section of the Instructions. For example, as a result of the Annual Update, if changes are made to a goal(s), see the Goal section for ATSI planning requirements.

    Single school districts and charter schools using the LCAP in place of the School Plan shall include evidence-based interventions in the LCAP sections titled “Planned Actions/Services,” “For Actions/Services Not Contributing to Meeting the Increased or Improved Services Requirement,” “For Actions/Services Contributing to Meeting the Increased or Improved Services Requirement,” and “Actions/Services.”

    LCAP and School Plan instructions are located on the LCAP web page.
  1. Are ESSA, Section 1003 funds available to support schools eligibile for ATSI?

    ESSA, Section 1003 funds are not available to support ATSI activities.

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Resources

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Other Resources

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Questions:   School Improvement and Support Office | SISO@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0833
Last Reviewed: Monday, April 22, 2019
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