Title I, Part A Schoolwide ProgramA comprehensive program to improve outcomes for all students in a Title I, Part A school.
A local education agency (LEA) that receives Title I, Part A funds shall operate one of two programs:
- Schoolwide Program (SWP); or
- Targeted Assistance School (TAS) program.
The purpose of a SWP is to improve academic achievement throughout a school so that all students, particularly the lowest-achieving students, demonstrate proficiency on the State's academic standards (34 CFR 200.25[a]). The improved achievement is to result from improving the entire educational program of the school (34 CFR 200.25[a]).
A school may operate a SWP if:
- The school's LEA determines that the school serves an eligible attendance area or is a participating school under Section 1113 of the ESEA; and
- For the initial year of the schoolwide program:
- The school serves a school attendance area in which not less than 40 percent of the children are from low-income families; or
- Not less than 40 percent of the children enrolled in the school are from low-income families (34 CFR 200.25[b]; ESSA Section 1114[a][A]).
A school that serves an eligible school attendance area in which less than 40 percent of the children are from low-income families, or a school for which less than 40 percent of the children enrolled in the school are from such families, may operate a schoolwide program under this section if the school receives a waiver from the State educational agency to do so, after taking into account how a schoolwide program will best serve the needs of the students in the school served in improving academic achievement and other factors (ESSA Section 1114[a][B]). Eligible schools are not required to operate the SWP and may choose to remain as a TAS. Additional information about Title I, Part A TAS may be located on the Title I, Part A Targeted Assistance Schools web page.
Comprehensive Needs Assessment
A school operating a SWP must conduct a comprehensive needs assessment of the entire school (ESSA Section 1114[b]; 34 CFR 200.26[a]). The comprehensive needs assessment is based on academic achievement information about all students in the school, including all groups and migratory children, particularly the needs of those students who are failing, or are at-risk of failing, to meet the challenging State academic standards and any other factors as determined by the LEA, and particularly for those students furthest away from demonstrating proficiency, so that all students demonstrate at least proficiency on the State's academic standards (ESSA Section 1114[b]; 34 CFR 200.26[a] and [b]).
A school operating a SWP must also conduct a comprehensive needs assessment to:
- Help the school understand the subjects and skills for which teaching and learning need to be improved (34 CFR 200.26[a][i][A]); and
- Identify the specific academic needs of students and groups of students who are not yet achieving the State's academic standards (34 CFR 200.26[a][i][B]).
SWP Plan Development
An eligible school operating a SWP shall develop a comprehensive plan, that is:
- Developed during a 1-year period, unless the LEA determines, in consultation with the school, that less time is needed to develop and implement the SWP (ESSA Section 1114[b]);
- Developed with the involvement of parents and other members of the community to be served and individuals who will carry out such plan (ESSA Section 1114[b]; 34 CFR 200.26[a]);
- To remain in effect for the duration of the school’s participation in a SWP and will be monitored and revised as necessary (ESSA Section 1114[b]); and
- Regularly monitored and revised as necessary based on student needs and all students have been provided with opportunities to meet the challenging State academic standards (ESSA Section 1114[b]);
- Available to the LEA, parents, and the public, and the information contained in such plan shall be in an understandable and uniform format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a language that the parents can understand (ESSA Section 1114[b]); and
- If appropriate and applicable, developed and coordinated and integration with other Federal, State, and local services, resources, and programs (ESSA Section 1114[b]);
The SWP plan shall include descriptions of strategies that the school will be implementing to address school needs (ESSA Section 1114[b][A]) including a description of how such strategies will:
- Provide opportunities for all children, including each of the subgroups of students to meet the challenging State academic standards (ESSA Section 1114[b][A][i]);
- Strengthen the academic program in the school, increase the amount and quality of learning time, and help provide an enriched and accelerated curriculum, which may include programs, activities, and courses necessary to provide a well-rounded education (ESSA Section 1114[b][A][ii]); and
- Address the needs of all children in the school, but particularly the needs of those at risk of not meeting the challenging State academic standards (ESSA Section 1114[b][A][iii]).
All activities, strategies, and interventions included in the SWP shall be evidence-based. Evidence-based means the proposed project component is supported by one or more of strong evidence, moderate evidence, promising evidence, or evidence that demonstrates a rationale (34 CFR 77.1[c]).
If programs are consolidated, the SWP plan shall include descriptions of the specific LEA programs and other Federal programs that will be consolidated in the SWP (ESSA Section 1114[b][B]).
The SWP school must document how it conducted the comprehensive needs assessment, the results it obtained, and the conclusions it drew from those results (34 CFR Section 200.26[a]).
Further, an LEA shall ensure that each SWP plan shall be consolidated into a single plan (EC Section 64001[a]), known as the School Plan for Student Achievement (SPSA). The single plan shall be developed and approved by the schoolsite council (EC sections 64001[c] and 65000[b]). Information regarding the SPSA is located on the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) web page.
SWP Plan Evaluation
In addition, a school operating a SWP must:
- Annually evaluate the implementation of, and results achieved by, the SWP, using data from the State's annual assessments and other indicators of academic achievement (34 CFR 200.26[c]);
- Determine whether the SWP has been effective in increasing the achievement of students in meeting the State's academic standards, particularly for those students who had been furthest from achieving the standards (34 CFR 200.26[c]; and
- Revise the plan, as necessary, based on the results of the evaluation, to ensure continuous improvement of students in the SWP (34 CFR 200.26[c]).
SWP Consolidation of Funds
The SWP may consolidate funds from Federal, State, and local sources to implement the school’s comprehensive plan to upgrade its entire educational program (ESSA Section 1114[a]; ESSA Section 1114[a][A]-[B]; 34 CFR 200.25[e]; 34 CFR Section 200.29[a]).
A SWP school that consolidates and uses funds from any other Federal program:
- is not required to meet the statutory or regulatory requirements of that program applicable at the school level; but must meet the intent and purposes of that program to ensure that the needs of the intended beneficiaries (e.g., students, teachers, and parents) of any other federal programs (34 CFR 200.29[b]).
- must meet the requirements of those programs relating to health; safety; civil rights; student and parental participation and involvement; services to private school children; maintenance of effort; comparability of services; use of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant non-Federal funds; and distribution of funds to SEAs or LEAs (34 CFR 200.29[b]).
- Is not required to maintain separate fiscal accounting records, by program, that identify the specific activities supported by those particular funds; but must maintain records that demonstrate that the SWP, as a whole, addresses the intent and purposes of each of the Federal programs whose funds were consolidated to support the SWP (ESSA Section 1114[a][C] and 34 CFR 200.29[d]).
If a school consolidates and uses funds from migrant education, Indian education, and special education in its SWP, the school must meet specific requirements of such programs (34 CFR 200.29[c]).
Use of Funds in SWP
A school operating a SWP:
- is not required to identify particular children as eligible to participate (34 CFR 200.25[c]) or provide services that supplement, and do not supplant, the services participating children would otherwise receive if they were not participating in a Title I, Part A program (ESSA Section 1118[b]; 34 CFR 200.25[c]).
- must use funds available under Title I, Part A only to supplement the total amount of funds that would, in the absence of the Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources for that school, including funds needed to provide services that are required by law for children with disabilities and children with limited English proficiency (34 CFR 200.25[d]).
- may use Title I, Part A funds to establish or enhance prekindergarten programs for children below the age of 6, such as Even Start programs or Early Reading First programs (ESSA Section 1114[c]; 34 CFR 200.25[f]).
A secondary school operating a SWP may use Title I, Part A funds to operate dual or concurrent enrollment programs that address the needs of low-achieving secondary school students and those at risk of not meeting the challenging State academic standards (ESSA Section 1114[e]).
The SWP shall use funds available to supplement the amount of funds that would, in the absence of Title I, Part A funds, be made available from non-Federal sources for the school (ESSA Section 1114[a][B]). Additional information on authorized use of Title I, Part A funds may be located on the Title I, Part A Authorized Use of Funds web page.
SWP Waiver Criteria and Process
SWP waivers may be approved by the CDE if the local governing board approves such a request and if the school meets one or more of the following criteria:
- ≥25 percent student low income;
- Graduation rate is below state average;
- Local governing board recommends that the SWP is the best way to serve the student population;
- ≥30 percent English Learner student population;
- School has been identified for comprehensive or targeted support; or
- School has been identified as the lowest 5 percent of low performing schools.
Once the local governing board approves the waiver request, the school must then complete the following:
- Conduct a Needs Assessment
- Develop a SWP Plan
- Obtain the local governing board approval of the SWP Plan
- The LEA will indicate dates of the local governing board approval of the SWP status including the waiver in the Notification of Authorization of SWP report in the Consolidated Application Reporting System.
- ESSA Section 1114 - SWP (PDF)
- ESSA Section 1115 - TAS
- 34 CFR 200.25; 200.26; 200.29 - Schoolwide Programs
- 34 CFR 77.1(c) - Definitions That Apply to Department Regulations
- Non-regulatory guidance issued February 2008 by the U.S. Department of Education (PDF)
- Non-regulatory guidance about SWP issued in September 2016 by the U.S. Department of Education
- California School Dashboard
- Quality School Framework
- Needs Assessment and Root Cause Analysis FAQs