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Comprehensive Support and Improvement


The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires state educational agencies to determine school eligibility for comprehensive support and improvement (CSI). Local educational agencies (LEAs) with schools that meet the criteria for CSI must partner with stakeholders to locally develop and implement a plan to improve student outcomes.

The county office of education (COE) also plays a role in providing technical assistance and support to LEAs within its county that serve schools that meet the criteria for CSI.

Public Release of the Data File for Schools that Meet the Criteria for Support and Improvement in 2018–19
Correspondence sent to County and District Superintendents and Charter School Administrators regarding the eligibility of schools for support and improvement in 2018–19.

School Eligibility

Criteria

California will use the California School Dashboard (Dashboard) to determine school eligibility for CSI. School eligibility is based on the following two categories of schools:

  1. High schools with a graduation rate less than 67 percent averaged over two years

    • All high schools, including Title I, non-Title I, traditional, and Dashboard Alternative School Status are eligible.

  2. Not less than the lowest-performing five percent of Title I schools

    • Schools with all red indicators
    • Schools with all red but one indicator of another color
    • Schools with five or more indicators where the majority are red
    • Schools with all red and orange indicators

Data Files

ESSA Assistance Status Data Files

Additional Information

2018 California School Dashboard Technical Guide (PDF; 3MB)
Pages 143 through 145

Program Requirements

School Plans

School planning and LEA assistance for each school that meets the criteria for CSI will be incorporated into the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) and school planning processes.

Assembly Bill 716 External link opens in new window or tab., signed by the Governor on September 18, 2018, and codified in the California Education Code sections 64001–65001, streamlines and aligns state and federal planning processes. Effective January 1, 2019, this law renames the Single Plan for Student Achievement to the School Plan for Student Achievement (SPSA). Additionally, the law contains the following key provisions:

  • Allows the SPSA to meet ESSA requirements for comprehensive or targeted support and improvement planning

  • Allows single school districts and charter schools to utilize the LCAP to serve as the SPSA, provided that the LCAP meets the ESSA school planning requirements and the stakeholder requirements established in subdivision (a) of Section 52062 External link opens in new window or tab.

In addition, LEAs with schools that meet the criteria for CSI will complete the CSI prompts located in the Plan Summary of the LCAP.

Federal planning requirements are established in the California Education Code Section 64001 External link opens in new window or tab. and the 2019 LCAP Template (DOCX).

Federal Requirements

Section 1111(d) of the ESSA requires the State to notify each LEA that serves schools that meet the criteria for CSI.

Upon receiving notification from the State, and in partnership with stakeholders and for each school that meets the criteria, the LEA shall:

  • Locally develop and implement a plan for the school to improve student outcomes

  • Approve each plan

    The Plan must:

    • Be informed by all State indicators, including student performance against State-determined long-term goals;

    • Be based on a school-level needs assessment;

    • Include evidence-based interventions; and

    • Identify resource inequities, which may include a review of LEA- and school-level budgets, and address those inequities through implementation of the plan.

Additional Information

LCAP and SPSA instructions for CSI are located on the LCAP web page.

Funding

Local Educational Agencies

The ESSA provides resources and assistance to LEAs to improve student achievement and outcomes in schools that meet the criteria for CSI.

Eligibility

LEAs with schools that meet the criteria for CSI are eligible to receive funding.

Data Files

ESSA Assistance Status Data Files

Fiscal Information

CSI LEA Fiscal Information

Application for Funding

CSI LEA Application for Funding

Related Content

ESEA of 1965 as amended by ESSA in 2015 External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF; 3MB)

County Offices of Education

Consistent with the system of support goal to build the capacity of LEAs to support their schools, the California Budget Act appropriates ESSA funding to COEs for the purpose of supporting the statewide system of technical assistance and support for LEAs within its county that serve schools that meet the criteria for CSI.

Eligibility

A COE with at least one LEA in its county that serves schools that meet the criteria for CSI is eligible to receive funding.

Data Files

ESSA Assistance Status Data Files

Fiscal Information

CSI COE Fiscal Information

Application for Funding

CSI COE Application for Funding

Related Content

ESEA of 1965 as amended by ESSA in 2015 External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF; 3MB)

Technical Assistance

For questions regarding the eligibility criteria for CSI, please contact the Data Visualization and Reporting Office, by email at lcffessadata@cde.ca.gov or by phone at 916-322-3245.

For questions regarding the CSI funding application process, please see the Frequently Asked Questions below or contact the School Improvement and Support Office by email at SISO@cde.ca.gov or by phone at 916-319-0833.

For information regarding the Local Control and Accountability Plan and school planning processes, please contact the Local Agency Systems Support Office by email at LCFF@cde.ca.gov or by phone at 916-323-LCFF (5233).

Frequently Asked Questions

CSI Program Questions

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  1. What is General Assistance?

    General Assistance refers to the support available for all LEAs and schools within Level 1 of California’s system of support. For more information on Level 1, please see the Levels of Support on California’s System of Support web page.

  2. Which schools are eligible for CSI?

    All schools (traditional, charter, Dashboard Alternative School Status [DASS], Title I, and non-Title I) that meet the relevant criteria for CSI are eligible for support from the LEA. It is important to note that schools must be active in the year that eligibility is determined for CSI.

  3. Are Dashboard Alternative School Status (DASS) schools with fewer than 100 students exempted from implementation of CSI activities?

    DASS schools with fewer than 100 students are not exempted from implementation of CSI activities. However, those schools have flexibility within the school planning process to focus on the Dashboard state indicators that are more appropriate to the nature of their program.

  1. Which criteria will the California Department of Education (CDE) use to determine school eligibility for CSI?

    The CDE will use the California School Dashboard (Dashboard) to determine school eligibility for CSI. School eligibility is based on the following two categories of schools as outlined in California’s approved ESSA State Plan:

    • High schools with a graduation rate less than 67 percent averaged over two years
      • All high schools, including Title I, non-Title I, traditional, and Dashboard Alternative School Status are eligible. For 2018–19 eligibility, this determination is based on the graduating classes of 2017 and 2018.
    • Not less than the lowest-performing five percent of Title I schools
      • Schools with all red indicators
      • Schools with all red but one indicator of another color
      • Schools with five or more indicators where the majority are red
      • Schools with all red and orange indicators
  2. Can schools be eligible for more than one ESSA school support category at a time?

    Support categories are hierarchical; therefore, schools can only be eligible for one support category at a time.

    • For example, a school that meets the criteria for CSI would not be eligible for TSI or ATSI at the same time.
  3. How often is school eligibility for CSI determined?

    The CDE will first determine school eligibility for CSI in the 2018–19 school year using the 2018 Dashboard. The school eligibility process for CSI occurs once every three years. As the school eligibility process for CSI evolves, additional information will be provided.

  4. Which indicators will the CDE use to determine school eligibility for CSI?

    The following 2018 Dashboard state indicators will be used to determine school eligibility for CSI in the 2018–19 school year:

    • High schools with a graduation rate less than 67 percent averaged over two years
      • Graduation Rate Indicator
    • Not less than five percent of the lowest-performing Title I schools
      • Academic Indicator (reported separately for English language arts/Literacy (ELA) and mathematics assessments)
      • Graduation Rate Indicator
      • Suspension Rate Indicator
      • Chronic Absenteeism Indicator
      • College/Career Readiness Indicator


    The 2019 Dashboard will report Status on the English Learner Progress Indicator for the first time since the transition to the English Language Proficiency Assessments for California. Additional indicators may be added in future years.

  5. When will the CDE first notify LEAs of school eligibility for CSI?

    LEAs with schools eligible for CSI in the 2018–19 school year will be notified in January 2019. School eligibility for CSI in the 2018–19 school year is based upon state indicator data from the 2018 Dashboard.

    The CDE will use the 2019 Dashboard to select additional schools that meet the criteria for CSI in order to align school eligibility for CSI with the Local Control and Accountability Plan cycle.

    As the school eligibility process for CSI evolves, additional information will be provided.
  6. What requirements apply to LEAs with schools that meet the criteria for CSI?

    Upon receiving notification from the CDE, the LEA shall, for each school eligible for CSI, and in partnership with stakeholders, locally develop and implement a plan for the school to improve student outcomes. For more information, please see the Program Requirements tab on the CDE CSI web page.

  7. How are federal and state planning requirements aligned?

    Assembly Bill (AB) 716, signed by the Governor on September 18, 2018, and codified in Education Code (EC) 64001–65001, streamlines and aligns state and federal planning processes. Effective January 1, 2019, this law renames the Single Plan for Student Achievement to the School Plan. Additionally, the law contains the following key provisions:

    • It allows the School Plan to be used as the improvement plan for CSI, TSI, and ATSI under the ESSA.
    • It allows single school districts and charter schools to utilize the LCAP to serve as the School Plan, provided that the LCAP meets the federal school planning requirements and the stakeholder requirements established in subdivision (a) of Section 52062.

    In addition, LEAs with schools that meet the criteria for CSI will complete the CSI prompts located in the Plan Summary of the LCAP. 

    School Plan and LCAP federal planning instructions are located on the CDE LCAP web page.
  8. If an LEA chooses to use ESSA, Section 1003 funding for CSI activities to meet its Local Control Accountability Plan (LCAP) goals, is it required to report those funds in the LCAP?

    If ESSA, Section 1003 funds are used to implement actions and services to meet an articulated goal related to CSI activities in the LCAP, those funds must be included in the LCAP.

    LCAP instructions for CSI are located on the LCAP web page.

  9. Can charter schools and single school districts use their LCAP instead of the School Plan to meet federal planning requirements?

    Effective January 1, 2019, AB 716, codified in EC 64001(j), states that “[s]ingle school districts and charter schools may utilize the LCAP to serve as the School Plan, provided that the LCAP meets federal school planning requirements and the stakeholder requirements….” Charter schools and single school districts may use their LCAP planning process and stakeholder engagement requirements, or they may utilize the School Plan and establish a School Site Council (SSC) to meet the federal planning requirements. Note: This law does not change the requirement of a school with 21 or more students to have an English learner advisory committee.

    LCAP and School Plan instructions for CSI are located on the LCAP web page.

  10. Do single school districts and direct-funded charter schools using the LCAP to meet CSI planning requirements need to complete the CSI prompts in the LCAP Plan Summary?

    Single school districts and direct-funded charter schools do not need to complete the first CSI prompt (“Schools Identified”) in the LCAP Plan Summary. However, although the second and third CSI prompts (“Support for Identified Schools” and “Monitoring and Evaluating Effectiveness”) in the LCAP Plan Summary are not phrased for single-school districts and direct-funded charter schools, completing those prompts is still required.

    A single school district submits its LCAP to its county office of education for approval, as usual. A direct-funded charter school is required to submit its LCAP Plan Summary with the completed CSI prompts to the county office of education in the county in which the charter school resides for approval of the CSI prompts.

    LCAP instructions for CSI are located on the LCAP web page.

  1. For single school districts and charter schools that use the LCAP in place of the School Plan, what does it mean to have an LCAP that meets federal CSI planning requirements?

    For single school districts utilizing the LCAP to meet federal school planning requirements for CSI, any changes made to the goal, expected outcomes, metrics, or actions and services shall meet the CSI planning requirements. CSI planning requirements are listed under each section of the Instructions. For example, as a result of the Annual Update, if changes are made to a goal(s), see the Goal section for CSI planning requirements.

    Single school districts and charter schools using the LCAP in place of the School Plan shall include evidence-based interventions in the LCAP sections titled “Planned Actions/Services,” “For Actions/Services Not Contributing to Meeting the Increased or Improved Services Requirement,” “For Actions/Services Contributing to Meeting the Increased or Improved Services Requirement,” and “Actions/Services.”

    In the “Budgeted Expenditures” section of the LCAP, single school districts and charter schools utilizing the LCAP to meet federal school planning requirements shall identify CSI funding as the funding source for each proposed expenditure, as applicable.

    LCAP and School Plan instructions for CSI are located on the LCAP web page.
  2. What is the county office of education role with charter schools that meet the criteria for CSI?

    Charter schools eligible for CSI will complete the CSI prompts in the Plan Summary section in the LCAP. The charter school will submit only the Plan Summary section of the LCAP to the County Superintendent of Schools of the county in which the charter school resides for review and approval of only the CSI prompts within the Plan Summary of the charter school’s LCAP.

  3. What does a review of resource inequities include?

    The ESSA states that resource inequities may include a review of LEA- and school-level budgets. The LCAP process should allow LEAs to review a variety of data to identify, diagnose, and address sources of inequity to inform improvement decisions.

  4. Are schools with an N-size less than 30 eligible for CSI?

    Schools with an N-size less than 30 may be eligible for CSI. N-size refers to the total enrollment of students at the school.

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CSI Funding Questions (LEA)

  1. What resources and assistance are available to support schools that are eligible for CSI?

    The ESSA requires that the State annually reserve seven percent of its Title I, Part A allocation for school improvement. Of the seven percent that the State is required to reserve, not less than 95 percent of those funds will be distributed on the basis of a formula to LEAs with schools that are eligible for CSI.

    The LEA must use ESSA, Section 1003 funds to locally develop and implement a plan in each school eligible for CSI to improve student outcomes. The School Plan, formerly the Single Plan for Student Achievement or SPSA, and the LEA Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) will be used to meet CSI planning requirements. Improvement interventions and strategies must align to the goals, actions, and services identified in the LEA LCAP.

    School Plan and LCAP federal planning instructions are located on the CDE LCAP web page.

    LEA allocations are based on California’s Title I, Part A yearly allocation and are contingent upon California budget authority.

  2. Are charter schools eligible for ESSA, Section 1003 funding?

    All LEAs with schools eligible for CSI are eligible to receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding. California’s ESSA State plan defines the LEA as a county office of education, school district, and direct-funded charter school.

  3. If an LEA chooses not to apply for ESSA, Section 1003 funding, must it meet the statutory requirements for CSI?

    If the LEA chooses not to apply for ESSA, Section 1003 funding, the LEA and its schools are still required to meet the statutory requirements for CSI. Per subsection (1) of Section 1111(d) of the ESSA, LEAs with schools eligible for CSI must partner with stakeholders to develop and implement a plan to improve student outcomes in those schools.

    It is advantageous for the LEA to apply for ESSA, Section 1003 funding in order to receive additional resources and assistance to meet the ESSA plan development and implementation requirements.

  4. How does the California Department of Education (CDE) allocate ESSA, Section 1003 funds to eligible LEAs?

    The CDE awards ESSA, Section 1003 funds on the basis of a formula. LEAs with schools that are eligible for CSI will receive an allocation based on the total number of schools eligible for CSI, statewide.

  5. Which LEAs are eligible to receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding for CSI?

    LEAs with schools that meet the criteria for CSI are eligible to receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding.

  6. Is an application required to receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding for CSI?

    Section 1003(e) of the ESSA requires that an LEA shall submit to the State an application for ESSA, Section 1003 funding in order to receive an allocation. The 2018‒19 ESSA CSI LEA Application for Funding will be made available in February 2019 and cover a grant period from March 18, 2019 to June 30, 2020. Future applications for ESSA, Section 1003 funding will follow CSI school eligibility timelines that are determined by California’s Accountability and Continuous Improvement System.

  7. Will the State hold a competition for LEAs to receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding?

    The State will not hold a competition to determine ESSA, Section 1003 funding to LEAs. The State will allocate ESSA, Section 1003 funding on the basis of a formula to eligible LEAs that submit an approvable application.

  8. Will an LEA with schools eligible for Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI) or Additional Targeted Support and Improvement (ATSI) receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding?

    Only LEAs with schools that meet the criteria for CSI are eligible to receive ESSA, Section 1003 funding.

  9. The Legislature determined that ESSA, Section 1003 funds cannot be used to hire additional permanent staff. What makes a staff member permanent versus non-permanent?

    The legislative intent was not to “add an FTE” with ESSA, Section 1003 funding. Because this funding ends with each grant period, the LEA and its schools should not add a position that would not be sustainable in the absence of ESSA, Section 1003 funds.

  10. If an LEA plans to close a school that is eligible for CSI after it has received its ESSA, Section 1003 allocation, does the LEA have to return all or part of its allocation?

    If an LEA plans to close a school after it has received its ESSA, Section 1003 allocation, then it must contact the CDE as soon as possible and provide the CDE with the date of the school closure. The CDE will then determine when the grant will be closed out, final expenditures submitted, and whether the LEA must return all or part of its allocation.

    Funds for CSI shall only be used for allowable expenditures, including expenditures related to School Plan development and implementation activities designed to improve student outcomes and shall not be used to support school closure activities.

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CSI Funding Questions (COE)

  1. What support will the COE be required to provide to LEAs with schools eligible for CSI?

    COEs that have LEAs within their county that serve schools eligible for CSI are required to:

    • Support LEAs to meaningfully address the CSI prompts in the Plan Summary of the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) related to CSI activities.
    • Review and approve the CSI prompts in the LEA LCAP Plan Summary.


    Instructions for the LCAP CSI prompts are located in the 2019 LCAP template found on the CDE LCAP web page.

    Consistent with California's System of Support to help LEAs and their schools meet the needs of each student they serve, with a focus on building local capacity to sustain improvement and to effectively address disparities in opportunities and outcomes, COEs may use its ESSA funding to:

    • Build LEA capacity to support their schools through meaningful engagement in the school improvement planning and implementation processess.
    • Provide technical assistance and support to LEAs related to CSI plan development and implementation activities.
  2. Which COEs are eligible to receive funding to support CSI activities within their county?

    A COE with an LEA or LEAs within its county with schools eligible for CSI is eligible to receive funding.

  3. How does the California Department of Education (CDE) allocate funds to COEs?

    Eligible COEs will receive an allocation based on the total number of schools that meet the criteria for CSI, statewide.

  4. Is an application required for COEs to receive funding for CSI activities?

    Eligible COEs must submit an application for funding. The 2018‒19 ESSA CSI COE Application for Funding will be made available in February 2019 and cover a one-year grant period from March 18, 2019 to February 29, 2020.

    Future applications for funding will follow CSI eligibility timelines that are determined by California’s Accountability and Continuous Improvement System.

  5. Will the CDE hold a competition for COEs to receive funding?

    The CDE will not hold a competition to determine allocations for COEs. The State will make awards on the basis of a formula to eligible COEs.

  6. Can funding that the COE receives to support CSI activities be used to support TSI or ATSI activities?

    Funding that the COE receives to support CSI activities can only be used to support CSI activities. Additional funding is not available to support TSI or ATSI activities.

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Resources

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Other Resources

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Questions:   School Improvement and Support Office | SISO@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0833
Last Reviewed: Monday, April 22, 2019
Recently Posted in Title I: Improving Academic Achievement
  • GMART ESSA CSI LEA Fiscal Reporting Instructions (added 20-Jun-2019)
    Instructions and guidance for local educational agencies (LEAs) with schools that meet the criteria for Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) to use the Grant Management and Reporting Tool (GMART).
  • ESSA CSI LEA Application for Funding Instructions (added 20-Jun-2019)
    Instructions for local educational agencies (LEAs) using the web-based Grant Management and Reporting Tool (GMART) to submit the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) LEA Application for Funding.
  • ESSA CSI COE Application for Funding Instructions (added 20-Jun-2019)
    Instructions for County Offices of Education (COEs) using the web-based Grant Management and Reporting Tool (GMART) to submit the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) COE Application for Funding.