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Appendix

Tables and data supporting the content of the 2015 Report of California's Statewide Task Force.

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Acknowledgments

Preface

Introduction

  1. Early Learning
  2. Evidence-Based School and Classroom Practices
  3. Educator Preparation and Professional Learning
  4. Assessment
  5. Accountability
  6. Family and Student Engagement
  7. Special Education Financing

Implementation

Conclusion

Appendix (Current Page)

Appendix

Percent Proficient – Annual Measurable Objectives

English-Language Arts

Target 89.0%
Met all percent proficient rate criteria? No

Groups Valid Scores Number At or Above Proficient Percent At or Above Proficient Met 2013 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Criteria Alternative Method
Statewide
3,702,894
2,095,425
56.6
No
n/a
Black or African American
234,518
101,768
43.4
No
n/a
American Indian or Alaskan Native
23,494
11,256
47.9
No
n/a
Asian
324,878
257,795
79.4
No
n/a
Filipino
94,039
69,429
73.8
No
n/a
Hispanic or Latino
1,957,577
889,622
45.4
No
n/a
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
20,076
10,499
52.3
No
n/a
White
948,026
685,407
72.3
No
n/a
Two or More Races
91,137
63,851
70.1
No
n/a
Socio-economically Disadvantaged
2,296,063
1,035,824
45.1
No
n/a
English Learners
1,227,599
477,342
38.9
No
n/a
Students with Disabilities
450,493
157,021
34.9
No
n/a

Mathematics

Target 89.1%
Met all percent proficient rate criteria? No

Groups Valid Scores Number At or Above Proficient Percent At or Above Proficient Met 2013 AYP Criteria Alternative Method
Statewide
3,704,895
2,203,907
59.5
No
n/a
Black or African American
234,681
97,729
41.6
No
n/a
American Indian or Alaskan Native
23,516
11,348
48.3
No
n/a
Asian
324,919
276,100
85.0
No
n/a
Filipino
94,047
70,517
75.0
No
n/a
Hispanic or Latino
1,958,931
991,613
50.6
No
n/a
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
20,076
11,277
56.2
No
n/a
White
948,467
675,961
71.3
No
n/a
Two or More Races
91,068
63,424
69.6
No
n/a
Socio-economically Disadvantaged
2,297,706
1,155,877
50.3
No
n/a
English Learners
1,228,540
604,280
49.2
No
n/a
Students with Disabilities
453,857
168,530
37.1
No
n/a

Source: California Department of Education 2013 Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) Overview

Data Display: California; Publication Year: 2014

Identification of Children with Disabilities

Student Enrollment, Ages 6–21
Student Category State Students (#) State Students (%) Nation Students (#) Nation Students (%)
All students
5,726,134
n/a
44,960,222
n/a
Children with disabilities (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)
613,061
10.7
5,823,844
13.0

Explanatory Note: The number of total students enrolled in public schools in the state and nation as of October 1, 2011, (or the closest day to October 1) for all grade levels from grade 1 through grade 12, as well as ungraded. The number and percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA) in the state and nation as of the state-designated child count date (between October 1 and December 1, 2012). Children with disabilities (IDEA) are served by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Data reported for IDEA 2012 Child Count and the School Year (SY) 2011–12 Common Core of Data (CCD). National IDEA Child Count data represent the US, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated States and the national CCD data represent the US and Outlying Areas.

Percent of Population Who Are Children with Disabilities (IDEA), Ages 3–21
Age State (%)
SY 2010–11
State (%)
SY 2011–12
State (%)
SY 2012–13
Nation (%)
SY 2012–13
3–5
4.7
4.8
4.9
6.1
6–21
7.0
7.1
7.3
8.6

Explanatory Note: The percentage of the population who are children with disabilities (IDEA) in the state and nation as of the state designated special education child count date, for the age ranges of 3–5 and 6–21. Data reported for IDEA 2012 Child Count and Census. National IDEA Child Count data represent the US, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated States and national Census data represent the 50 states and DC (including the Bureau of Indian Education [BIE]).

Percent of Children with Disabilities (IDEA) by Disability Category, Ages 6–21
Disability Category Percent of Overall Student Enrollment
State (%)
Percent of Overall Student Enrollment
Nation (%)
Autism
1.12
0.99
Deaf-blindness
0.00
0.00
Emotional disturbance
0.44
0.80
Hearing impairment
0.19
0.15
Intellectual disability
0.67
0.94
Multiple disabilities
0.09
0.28
Orthopedic impairment
0.19
0.12
Other health impairment
1.09
1.71
Specific learning disabilities
4.87
5.20
Speech or language impairment
1.97
2.36
Traumatic brain injury
0.03
0.06
Visual impairment
0.06
0.06

Explanatory Note: The percentage of enrollees who are children with disabilities (IDEA), by disability category, in the state and nation for the age range of 6–21 (excluding children with developmental delays). For this calculation, the numerator is the number of children with disabilities (IDEA) in a specific disability category as of the state-designated special education child count date (between October 1 and December 1, 2012) for ages 6–21 (excluding children with developmental delays) and the denominator is the total number of students enrolled in public schools as of October 1, 2011 (or the closest school day to October 1) for all grade levels from grade 1 through grade 12, as well as ungraded. Data reported for IDEA 2012 Child Count and 2011–12 CCD. National IDEA Child Count data represent the US, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated States and national CCD data represent US and Outlying Areas.

Percent of Children with Disabilities (CWDs) (IDEA) by Disability Category, Ages 3–21
Disability Category CWDs (IDEA),
Ages 3–5
State (%)
CWDs (IDEA),
Ages 3–5
Nation (%)
CWDs (IDEA),
Ages 6–21
State (%)
CWDs (IDEA),
Ages 6–21
Nation (%)
All disabilities
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
Autism
19.3
7.8
10.4
7.8
Deaf-blindness
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
Developmental delay*
-
37.2
n/a
n/a
Emotional disturbance
0.2
0.4
4.1
6.3
Hearing impairment
2.1
1.3
1.7
1.2
Intellectual disability
5.7
2.0
6.3
7.4
Multiple disabilities
1.2
1.1
0.8
2.2
Orthopedic impairment
2.3
0.9
1.8
0.9
Other health impairment
3.6
2.9
10.2
13.5
Specific learning disabilities
0.9
1.2
45.5
41.0
Speech or language impairment
64.1
44.7
18.4
18.6
Traumatic brain injury
0.1
0.1
0.3
0.4
Visual impairment
0.5
0.4
0.6
0.5

*Developmental delay is only allowable through age 9, so a 6–21 percentage cannot be calculated.

Explanatory Note: The percentage represents a distribution of children with disabilities (IDEA) by disability category for age ranges 3–5 and 6–21 (excluding children with developmental delays). For this calculation, the denominator is all children with disabilities (IDEA) for the specified age range, excluding developmental delays for ages 6–21. Data reported for IDEA 2012 Child Count. National data represent the US, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated States.

Graduation Rates

Four-Year Regulatory Adjusted Cohort Graduation Rate
Category SY 2011–12
CWDs (IDEA) (%)
SY 2011–12
CWDs (IDEA) (%)
Graduation Rate
61%
78%

Explanatory Note: The percentage of students from the original cohort who graduated in four years with a regular high school diploma. Data reported for Consolidated State Performance Report (CSPR) purposes.

Educational Environment

Educational Environments, Ages 3–5
Disability Category CWDs Attending and Receiving the Majority of Special Education and Related Services in a Regular Early Childhood Program
State (%)
CWDs Attending and Receiving the Majority of Special Education and Related Services in a Regular Early Childhood Program
Nation (%)
CWDs Attending a Separate Special Education Class, Separate School, or Residential Facility
State (%)
CWDs Attending a Separate Special Education Class, Separate School, or Residential Facility
Nation (%)
All disabilities
38.8
42.4
36.0
26.4
Autism
28.1
32.1
61.5
48.7
Deaf-blindness
35.0
31.3
50.0
50.9
Developmental delay
-
42.8
-
35.7
Emotional disturbance
41.9
47.7
45.3
22.8
Hearing impairment
37.5
35.6
46.5
42.5
Intellectual disability
29.1
31.2
61.4
45.6
Multiple disabilities
25.5
23.8
62.2
50.7
Orthopedic impairment
31.9
42.7
56.8
35.3
Other health impairment
37.3
44.8
47.0
29.0
Specific learning disabilities
61.1
51.5
26.0
11.8
Speech or language impairment
43.2
44.7
23.9
12.8
Traumatic brain injury
41.8
38.3
39.8
35.5
Visual impairment
46.6
44.7
40.0
32.6

Explanatory Note: The percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA) in the state and nation by disability category attending a regular early childhood program, or a separate special education class, separate school, or residential facility. Note that this table does not include all reported preschool educational environment categories. The denominator is all children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 3–5, in the specified disability category. Data reported for IDEA 2012 Educational Environment. National data represent the US, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated States.

Educational Environments, Ages 6–21
Percent of Time Spent Inside the Regular Classroom
Disability Category ≥ 80% of Day
State (%)
≥ 80% of Day
Nation (%)
40 to 79% of Day
State (%)
40 to 79% of Day
Nation (%)
<40% of Day
State (%)
<40% of Day
Nation (%)
Separate School of Residential Facility
State (%)
Separate School of Residential Facility
Nation (%)
All disabilities
52.6
61.5
20.3
19.5
22.2
13.7
3.8
3.3
Autism
33.3
39.5
16.0
18.1
42.0
33.2
7.8
8.1
Deaf-blindness
9.0
21.5
7.2
11.5
60.4
34.0
17.1
27.8
Emotional disturbance
25.4
44.1
16.0
17.8
30.1
20.3
25.5
14.7
Hearing impairment
52.4
57.8
14.4
16.4
22.0
12.6
10.4
11.6
Intellectual disability
6.2
17.1
14.5
26.6
68.9
48.7
9.7
6.6
Multiple disabilities
4.6
13.1
5.3
16.2
67.5
46.2
16.4
20.7
Orthopedic impairment
27.3
54.8
12.7
16.2
43.5
21.6
13.4
4.7
Other health impairment
56.7
64.0
22.3
22.2
16.8
9.7
2.7
1.9
Specific learning disabilities
55.1
67.2
28.2
24.6
15.1
6.3
0.8
0.6
Speech or language impairment
81.9
86.6
7.4
5.5
9.4
4.3
0.4
0.3
Traumatic brain injury
32.5
49.0
20.7
22.3
36.4
20.1
6.6
5.8
Visual impairment
51.4
64.7
14.9
13.0
23.8
11.0
8.2
9.3

Explanatory Note: The percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA) in the state and nation by disability category (excluding children with developmental delays) attending regular classrooms, or separate schools and residential facilities. Note that this table does not include all reported educational environment categories. The denominator is all children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21 (excluding children with developmental delays), in a specified disability category. Data reported for IDEA 2012 Educational Environment. National data represent the US, Outlying Areas, and Freely Associated States.

Participation and Performance on Assessments

Participation of Children with Disabilities (IDEA) in Statewide Assessments
Grade and Subject Assessed General Assessment (%) Alternate Assessment (%) Non-participant (%)
4th grade reading/language arts
41
58
1
8th grade reading/language arts
39
59
2
High school reading/language arts
86
8
7
4th grade mathematics
49
50
1
8th grade mathematics
79
19
2
High school mathematics
87
8
5

Explanatory Note: The percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA) who participated in statewide assessments for reading and mathematics for 4th grade, 8th grade, and high school. The denominator is the sum of children with disabilities (IDEA) who participated and children with disabilities (IDEA) who did not participate in statewide assessments (excluding those with a significant medical emergency who did not take the assessment). Due to differences in the calculations used for the “children with disabilities (IDEA)” subgroup, these percentages may differ from those reported for the CSPR. Data reported for 2012–13 Assessment, accessed from EDFacts on April 16, 2014. Participation data submitted by the following states/entities were flagged due to questionable data quality in one or more subject area, grade, and assessment type: BIE, CA, DC, ID, IL, MA, NM, OK, RI, WV, and WY.

Performance on Statewide Assessments
Grade and Subject Assessed Proficient (%)
General Assessment
(CWD)
Proficient (%)
Alternate Assessment
(CWD)
Proficient (%)
General Assessment
(All Students)
4th grade reading/language arts
46
39
64
8th grade reading/language arts
29
38
57
High school reading/language arts
14
83
59
4th grade mathematics
55
42
72
8th grade mathematics
15
38
47
High school mathematics
17
75
61

Explanatory Note: The percentage of students in the state who scored at or above proficient (as determined by each state) on the general assessment for all students and children with disabilities (IDEA) in 4th grade, 8th grade, and high school, and the percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA) in the state who scored at or above proficient (as determined by each state) on the alternate assessment. Due to differences in the calculations used for the “all students” and “children with disabilities (IDEA)” subgroup, these percentages may differ from those reported for the CSPR. Data reported for 2012–13 Assessment, accessed from EDFacts on April 16, 2014. Achievement data submitted by the following states/ entities were flagged due to questionable data quality in one or more subject area, grade, and assessment type: BIE, CA, IL, MA, OK, and WY.

Performance on 2013 National Assessment of Educational Progress Assessments
Grade and Subject Assessed At or Above (%)
Basic (CWD)
At or Above (%)
Basic (Non-CWD)
At or Above (%)
Proficient (CWD)
At or Above (%)
Proficient (Non-CWD)
4th grade reading/language arts
23
61
10
28
8th grade reading/language arts
27
76
5
31
High school reading/language arts
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
4th grade mathematics
34
77
11
34
8th grade mathematics
19
69
5
30
High school mathematics
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a

Explanatory Note: The percentage of students in the state who scored at or above the Basic level and at or above the Proficient level on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), for children with disabilities (IDEA) and children without disabilities. Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) requires states that receive Title I funding to participate in the state NAEP in reading and mathematics at grades 4 and 8 every two years. State NAEP does not provide individual scores for the students or schools assessed. Instead, NAEP provides results about subject-matter achievement, instructional experiences, and school environment, and reports these results for populations of students (e.g., fourth-graders) and subgroups of those populations (e.g., children with disabilities [IDEA]). Most states’ proficiency standards are at or below NAEP’s definition of the Basic performance level. See "Mapping State Proficiency Standards onto the NAEP Scales: Variation and Change in State Standards for Reading and Mathematics, 2005–2009" for more information.

Exclusion Rates for 2013 NAEP Assessments
Grade and Subject Assessed Exclusion Rate
State (%)
Exclusion Rate
Nation (%)
4th grade reading/language arts
23
16
8th grade reading/language arts
22
15
High school reading/language arts
n/a
n/a
4th grade mathematics
16
9
8th grade mathematics
12
10
High school mathematics
n/a
n/a

Explanatory Note: The percentage of students identified as having a disability who were excluded from the NAEP assessment. National exclusion rates were based on figures available under "National (public)."

Race/Ethnicity

Percent of State Children with Disabilities (IDEA) by Race/Ethnicity, Ages 6–21
Disability Category Hispanic/Latino
(%)
Black or African American
(%)
White
(%)
Asian
(%)
American Indian or Alaska Native
(%)
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
(%)
Two or more Races
(%)
All Race/Ethnicities
(%)
All students
51.8
6.6
26.2
11.3
0.7
0.6
2.8
100.0
All disabilities
53.3
10.0
27.3
5.8
0.8
0.4
2.4
100.0
Autism
38.1
7.7
36.5
13.9
0.5
0.4
3.0
100.0
Deaf-blindness
44.1
4.5
35.1
10.8
0.0
0.0
5.4
100.0
Emotional disturbance
32.4
18.8
41.0
2.7
1.2
0.4
3.5
100.0
Hearing impairment
56.6
5.9
24.3
10.0
0.4
0.6
2.1
100.0
Intellectual disability
57.2
10.5
21.4
8.0
0.6
0.5
1.8
100.0
Multiple disabilities
48.6
9.6
28.6
9.6
0.4
0.7
2.4
100.0
Orthopedic impairment
50.2
7.1

31.8

7.8
0.5
0.7
1.9
100.0
Other health impairment
39.8
12.8
39.7
3.6
0.9
0.4
2.7
100.0
Specific learning disabilities
61.5
10.9
21.3
3.1
0.9
0.4
1.9
100.0
Speech or language impairment
52.8
5.9
28.6
8.3
0.7
0.5
3.1
100.0
Traumatic brain injury
50.4
10.5
29.0
6.0
1.2
0.6
2.3
100.0
Visual impairment
46.7
8.3
31.8
9.3
0.8
0.8
2.4
100.0

Explanatory Note: The percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21, in a particular disability category and particular race/ethnicity category in the state. The numerator is the number of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21, in a particular disability category and race/ethnicity category as of the state designated child count date (between October 1 and December 1, 2012) and the denominator is the total number of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21, in a particular disability category. The "All Student" row is calculated using the total number of students enrolled in public schools in grade 1 through grade 12, as well as ungraded, in the state as of October 1, 2011 (or the closest day to October 1). Data reported for IDEA 2012 Child Count and 2011–12 CCD.

Percent of State CWDS (IDEA) by Educational Environment and Race/Ethnicity, Ages 6–21
Educational Environment Hispanic/Latino
(%)
Black or African American
(%)
White
(%)
Asian
(%)
American Indian or Alaska Native
(%)
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
(%)
Two or more Races
(%)
All Race/Ethnicities
(%)
≥80% of day spent inside regular classroom
51.7
46.5
56.3
52.4
53.5
51.0
56.2
100.0
40 to 79% of day spent inside regular classroom
21.9
20.2
18.8
14.3
23.4
19.6
16.9
100.0
<40% of day spent inside regular classroom
22.8
25.3
18.7
28.1
18.4
24.6
22.0
100.0
Separate school; Residential facility
2.9
6.6
4.5
4.2
3.7
3.6
3.4
100.0

Explanatory Note: The percentage of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21, in a particular race/ethnicity category and particular educational environment in the state. The numerator is the number of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21, in a particular race/ethnicity category and particular educational environment as of the state-designated child count date (between October 1 and December 1, 2012) and the denominator is the total number of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 6–21, in a particular race/ethnicity category. Data reported for IDEA 2012 Child Count.

Total Disciplinary Removals of CWD (IDEA) in State by Race/Ethnicity, Ages 3–21
Student Group Hispanic/Latino Black or African American White Asian American Indian or Alaska Native Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Two or more Races All Race/Ethnicities
Number of Disciplinary Removals per Child with a Disability
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.2

Explanatory Note: The number of disciplinary removals per child with a disability (IDEA), ages 3–21, by race/ethnicity category. The numerator is the total number of disciplinary removals in a particular race/ethnicity category and the denominator is the total number of children with disabilities (IDEA), ages 3–21, in a particular race/ethnicity category as of the state-designated child count date (between October 1 and December 1, 2011). Data reported for IDEA 2011–12 Discipline and 2011 Child Count.

Parental Involvement

Indicator 8: Parental Involvement (Federal Fiscal Year [FFY] 2012 Annual Performance Report [APR], 2014)
Summary State (%)
Percent of parent with a child receiving special education services who report that schools facilitated parent involvement as a means of improving services and results for children with disabilities.
98.9

Explanatory Note: State-selected data source. Sampling of parents from whom a response is requested is allowed. Sample must yield valid and reliable data and must be representative of the population sampled. N/A means the percentage is not applicable to the state.

Preschool Outcomes

Indicator 7: Preschool Outcomes (FFY 2012 APR, 2014)
Summary Statement 1

Of those children who entered the program below age expectations in each of the following outcome, the percent who substantially increased their rate of growth by the time they turned six years of age or exited the program in the outcome of:

Outcome State (%)
Positive social-emotional skills
61.3
Acquisition and use of knowledge and skills
61.1
Use of appropriate behaviors to meet their needs
67.1
Summary Statement 2:

The percent of children who were functioning within age expectations in each of the following outcomes by the time they turned six years of age or exited the program

Outcome State (%)
Positive social-emotional skills
62.1
Acquisition and use of knowledge and skills
60.5
Use of appropriate behaviors to meet their needs
66.3

Explanatory Note: State-selected data source. Sampling of children for assessment is allowed. Sample must yield valid and reliable data and must be representative of the population sampled. N/A means the percentage is not applicable to the state.

Post School Outcomes

Indicator 14: Post School Outcomes (FFY 2012 APR, 2014)
Percent of youth who are no longer in secondary school, had IEPs in effect at the time they left school and were: State (%)
Enrolled in higher education within one year of leaving high school
32.8
Enrolled in higher education or competitively employed within one year of leaving high school
41.3
Enrolled in higher education or in some other postsecondary education or training program; or competitively employed or in some other employment within one year of leaving high school
80.5

Explanatory Note: State-selected data source. Sampling of youth who had IEPs and are no longer in secondary school is allowed. Sample must yield valid and reliable data and must be representative of the population sampled. N/A means the percentage is not applicable to the state.

Key

Symbol Note
x
Data have been suppressed to protect small cell counts.
≤3
Data in the cell are less than or equal to three.
-
Data not available.
*
Data flagged due to questionable data quality. These data violated data quality edit checks. Additional information explaining the discrepancies in the data may be available in the accompanying data notes document.

Note: Sum of percentages may not equal 100 percent because of rounding.

References

Additional state-level data on children with disabilities (IDEA) can be found at: the Idea Data Center External link opens in new window or tab., the U.S. Government Open Data website External link opens in new window or tab., ED Data Express External link opens in new window or tab., the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) External link opens in new window or tab., and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Report Card External link opens in new window or tab..

Further information on funding can be found at the U.S. Department of Education Special Education External link opens in new window or tab..

Percentage of Students with Disabilities from 2006–2014

Year General Education Student Enrollment
(K–12 Population)
Number of General Education Students Receiving special education services
K–12
Percent of all General Education Students Receiving special education services
K–12
Total # of students birth–22 receiving special education services Percent of all students (0–22)
2013–14
6,236,672

635,467

10.19%
705,308
11.31%
2012–13
6,226,989
626,036
10.05%
695,173
11.16%
2011–12
6,220,993
618,239
9.94%
686,352
11.03%
2010–11
6,217,002
612,443
9.85%
678,929
10.92%
2009–10
6,190,425
614,031
9.92%
680,164
10.99%
2008–09
6,252,031
613,833
9.82%
678,105
10.85%
2007–08
6,275,469
616,364
9.82%
677,875
10.80%
2006–07
6,286,943
619,982
9.86%
679,648
10.81%

Questions:   Special Education Division | specedinfoshare@cde.ca.gov | 916-445-4613
Last Reviewed: Thursday, April 30, 2020
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  • 2015 Report of California's Statewide Task Force
    The content appearing on the following web pages was originally published in March 2015 as One System: Reforming Education to Serve ALL Students, Report of California's Statewide Task Force on Special Education.
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