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Title I, Part A LEA Allocation

Improving basic programs operated by local educational agencies.

Local educational agency (LEA) allocations intended to help elementary and secondary schools establish and maintain programs that will improve the educational opportunities of low-income and disadvantaged students.

Poverty Measurement for LEA Allocation

The Secretary shall determine the number of children aged 5 to 17, inclusive, from families below the poverty level on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, available from the Department of Commerce. In determining the families that are below the poverty level, the Secretary shall use the criteria of poverty used by the Bureau of the Census in compiling the most recent decennial census, as the criteria have been updated by increases in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Section1124[c][3][C] and 34 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 200.70-78).

For the purposes of counting children for the basic grants to LEAs, the Secretary shall determine the number of children aged 5 to 17, inclusive, from families below the poverty level on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, available from the Department of Commerce (ESSA Section1124[c][2] and 34 CFR 200.70-78).

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) External link opens in new window or tab. Program estimates are specifically designed for use in annual Title I allocations to school districts. The SAIPE program poverty estimates are based on the official measure of poverty as defined by the federal government. The details of the methodology differ slightly from year to year. Additional information can be located at the U.S. Census Bureau External link opens in new window or tab..

LEA Allocation Eligibility

To qualify for Title I, Part A funds, LEAs must meet a minimum eligibility count and must have a minimum percentage of its 5 to 17 year old population to be eligible for Title I funding (ESSA Section 1124[b]). An LEA is eligible for a basic grant for any fiscal year only if the number of children counted for that agency is both—

  1. 10 or more; and
  2. more than 2 percent of the total school-age population in the LEAs jurisdiction.

The U.S. Department of Education (ED) is responsible for the allocation of Title I funds to LEAs. Once the LEA allocation has been determined by the ED, LEAs enter the low-income student counts during the Winter Release on the School Student Counts form for the purposes of school allocations in the Consolidated Application Reporting System (CARS).

Low-income student counts, although informative about the economic status of an LEA, will not match the official federal poverty measure. The federal poverty measure varies annually. To qualify for a Title I allocation, the minimum eligibility low-income student count for the LEA is approximately a total of 24 low-income students.

Proportional Share Allocated for Equitable Services

The proportional share of funds shall be determined based on the total amount of funds received (Allocation) by the LEA prior to any allowable expenditures or transfers by the LEA (ESSA Section 1117[a][4][A][ii]).

Funds allocated to an LEA for educational services and other benefits to eligible private school children shall be obligated in the fiscal year for which the funds are received by the LEA (ESSA Section 1117[a][4][B]).

Equitable Services Low-Income Student Count

An LEA shall have the final authority to calculate the number of children, ages 5 through 17, who are from low-income families and attend private schools by either one of the following methods:

A) using the same measure of low income used to count public school children;

B) using the results of a survey that, to the extent possible, protects the identity of families of private school students, and allowing such survey results to be extrapolated if complete actual data are unavailable;

C) applying the low-income percentage of each participating public school attendance area, determined pursuant to this section, to the number of private school children who reside in that school attendance area; or

D) using an equated measure of low income correlated with the measure of low income used to count public school children. (ESSA Section 1117[c][1]).

Title I, Part A LEA Allocations

Title I, Part A LEA Allocations in accordance with fiscal year.

Resources

Information regarding Title I Services for Students in Private Schools

Information regarding California's Equitable Services Ombudsman

Information regarding California's plan to implement the federal Every Student Succeeds Act

Text of the ESEA as amended by the ESSA External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF; Updated 05-Oct-2017)

Fiscal Changes and Equitable Services Requirements Guidance External link opens in new window or tab. (PDF)

Questions:   Sylvia Hanna | SHanna@cde.ca.gov | 916-319-0948
Last Reviewed: Thursday, July 18, 2019