Title I, Part A School Student CountsTitle I, Part A school student counts are collected and reported by the local educational agency (LEA) on an annual basis.
The Title I, Part A school student counts is a data collection located in the Consolidated Application Reporting System (CARS). The purpose of Title I, Part A school student counts is to report low-income measurement, student enrollment counts and low-income student enrollment counts. The school student counts form also includes prepopulated data elements to include school name, school code, lowest grade offered, highest grade offered, and grade span group. Although the grade span code is prepopulated, the data field allows LEAs to adjust the grade span as necessary.
More information about grade span group may be located on the Consolidated Application Guidance School Grade Span Group Assignment web page.
Low-Income Measurement for Student Counts
According to the Elementary Secondary Education Act as reauthorized by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Section 1113(a)(5)(A), LEAs shall use the same measure of poverty, which measure shall be either:
- the number of children aged five through seventeen in poverty counted in the most recent census data approved by the Secretary,
- the number of children eligible for a free or reduced price lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.),
- the number of children in families receiving assistance under the State program funded under Part A of Title IV of the Social Security Act,
- the number of children eligible to receive medical assistance under the Medicaid Program, or
- a composite of such indicators, with respect to all school attendance areas in the LEA.
Student Enrollment Counts
For the purposes of Title I, Part A school student counts, LEAs shall use the current year enrollment data. Such data shall be based on one of the five measurement methods specified in ESSA Section 1113(a)(5), as seen above.
According to the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act Section 1758(b)(4-5), LEAs may determine homeless, foster, migratory, and direct certified students as eligible for free and reduced price lunches/meals (FRPM). Therefore, if LEAs use the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS) data to populate the CARS Title I, Part A School Student Counts form, the CALPADS Report 1.17 Unduplicated Eligible Free/Reduced Meal Count may be used to populate the School Student Count Low-Income Students.
The CALPADS Unduplicated Eligible Free/Reduced Meal Count may also be located on the California Department of Education's Student Poverty Free or Reduced Price Meals Data web page.
Community Eligibility Provision
The Community Eligibility Provision (CEP), a universal meal service option, as authorized by amendments made in the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA) Section 11(a)(1)(F), of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act, 42 U.S.C. 1759a(a)(1)(F) are inclusive. Since the CEP is a program within the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.) pursuant to ESSA Section 1113(a)(5), LEAs may use CEP as a poverty measurement for students counts with the reminder that LEAs shall use the same measurement for all schools within the LEA.
Information regarding California's plan to implement the federal Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
Text of the ESEA as amended by the ESSA (PDF; Updated 05-Oct-2017)