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Mathematics

Information regarding mathematics guidance, instruction, assessment and accountability, and organizations and partnerships in California, as well as information for families and students.

Distance Learning and COVID-19 Mathematics Resources

Guidance and resources for teachers and families in K12 schools regarding high quality distance learning (Content Resources tab)

State Guidance

Information and guidelines for implementing and improving mathematics programs including content standards and framework, curriculum, materials, and mathematics-related legislation.

Algebra I/Mathematics I Graduation Requirements

Algebra I/Mathematics I Graduation Requirements
Frequently asked questions for Algebra 1 graduation requirements, including information regarding implementation of the Mathematics Placement Policy pursuant to Education Code (EC) Section 51224.7 during the stay-at-home order.

High School Graduation

California EC Section 51225.3 states that all pupils receiving a diploma of graduation from a California high school must have completed all of the following courses, while in grades nine to twelve, inclusive:

  • Unless otherwise specified, each course shall have a duration of one school year:
    • Three courses in English.
    • Two courses in mathematics. One or a combination of these courses must meet or exceed the rigor of the content standards of Algebra I or Mathematics I.
    • Two courses in science, including biological and physical sciences.
    • Three courses in social studies, including United States history and geography; world history, culture, and geography; a one-semester course in American government and civics, and a one-semester course in economics.
    • One course in visual or performing arts, world language, or commencing with the 2012–13 school year, career technical education. For the purpose of satisfying the minimum course requirement, a course in American Sign Language shall be deemed a course in world language.
    • Two courses in physical education, unless the pupil has been exempted pursuant to the provisions of EC Section 51241.
  • Other coursework adopted by the local governing board of the LEA.

Information regarding A-G courses External link opens in new window or tab. can be found on the University of California (UC) website. If a district is moving to an integrated pathway, UC Office of the President recommends that districts do NOT remove traditional courses that have been A-G approved UNTIL the new integrated courses have been approved for A-G status. The same is true for existing integrated mathematics courses—if districts are proposing revised integrated mathematics courses based on the CCSSM, they should not remove their existing integrated mathematics courses until the new ones have been A-G approved.

Content Standards and Framework

Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) (2010) (DOC)

  • Adopted by the State Board of Education (SBE).
  • Defines the knowledge, concepts, and skills students should acquire at grade or course level.

Mathematics Framework (2023)
At its meeting on July 12, 2023, the SBE adopted the Mathematics Framework for California Public Schools: Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve (Mathematics Framework). The framework is important guidance designed to help educators align classroom teaching with California’s rigorous math learning standards.

California is committed to achieving excellence in math teaching and learning through curriculum and instructional approaches grounded in research and reflective of best practices across the globe. The Mathematics Framework provides guidance for mathematics learning for all students at all levels of math—including calculus—and ensures students have a wide variety of options including pursuing Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) in college and career.

A professionally-edited and designed PDF version of the framework will be posted at a later date. The content will not substantively change from the version currently posted.

Digital Learning Integration and Standards Guidance (2021)
Guidance to support schools to effectively implement technology to support learning and to address critical areas of instructional focus. Section 121 of Senate Bill (SB) 98, Education Finance: Education Omnibus Budget Trailer Bill (Chapter 24, Statutes of 2020)External link opens in new window or tab. called for the development of draft distance learning curriculum and instructional guidance for mathematics, English language arts, and English language development and was adopted by the State Board of Education at their meeting on May 12–13, 2021.

Materials

SBE Mathematics Programs
Assembly Bill 1246 (Chapter 668 of the Statues of 2012), signed on September 27, 2012, authorized the SBE to conduct a primary adoption of kindergarten through grade eight instructional materials in mathematics aligned to the CCSS.

AB 1246 (Brownley): Instructional Materials authorizes the adoption of instructional materials for mathematics aligned to the CCSS by 2014 and provides districts flexibility in the selection of instructional materials.

Legislation

AB 484 (Bonilla): Pupil Assessments: Measurement of Academic Performance and Progress (MAPP) was signed into law on October 2, 2013. It establishes California’s new student assessment system, now known as the California Assessment of Student Performance and Progress (CAASPP).

Senate Bill 359 (Mitchell, Beall, and Hancock): California Mathematics Placement Act of 2015 External link opens in new window or tab. requires the governing boards or bodies of local educational agencies (LEAs) that serve pupils entering grade nine and that have not already done so to adopt “a fair, objective, and transparent mathematics placement policy” before the beginning of the 2016–17 school year. (LEAs are defined as county offices of education, school districts, state special schools, and charter schools.) The mathematics placement policy must be adopted in a regularly scheduled public meeting.

Instruction

Information and sites with resources, informative and classroom-based, relating to mathematics education, and transitioning to the Common Core State Standards-Mathematics (CCSSM).

Common Core State Standards (CCSS)

CDE and the CCSS
The CDE’s web page regarding the CCSS, including, but not limited to, the Implementation Plan for California, Equity Quality Professional Learning Standard Story.

2014 Mathematics Adoption
Programs adopted by the State Board of Education on January 15, 2014. Information is organized by the three program types: Basic Grade-Level, Algebra 1, and Mathematics 1.

General

CDE Quality Professional Learning Standards (QPLS) and Professional Learning (PL) Stories
The QPLS present the elements of a quality PL system that, if well implemented, will benefit educators focused on increasing their professional capacity and performance. See the QPLS in action through PL Stories, including one focused on mathematics and equity.

CDE’s Online Professional Learning Community
The CDE’s online professional learning community for educators throughout the state.

Recommended Literature List
This searchable list of books supports students, teachers, and parents in finding books that will engage readers of varying skill levels in history-social science, mathematics, science, visual and performing arts, as well as general literature.

Related Links

Mathematics, Science, and Computer Science
Resources and information in regards to the implementation and professional learning of mathematics, science, and computer science.

External Resources

Collection of External Resources External link opens in new window or tab.
This searchable list of resources to support the implementation and assessment of California Mathematics State Standards.

 

Assessment & Accountability

Information regarding the CAASPP.

CAASPP, California’s statewide student assessment system, was established on January 1, 2014.

Smarter Balanced Assessment System web page provides the latest information about the new generation of mathematics and English language arts/literacy (ELA) assessments.

Smarter Balanced Assessment System

Summative Assessments are comprehensive, end-of-year assessments for mathematics and ELA that are aligned with the CSSS for mathematics and ELA and measure progress toward college and career readiness. The tests capitalize on the strengths of computer adaptive testing—efficient and precise measurement across the full range of achievement and the timely turnaround of results.

Interim Assessments are designed to support teaching and learning throughout the year.

Smarter Balanced Tools for Teachers includes formative assessment tools, supported by professional learning and instructional resources.

Sample items and performance tasks External link opens in new window or tab. illustrate the rigor and complexity of the mathematics items and performance tasks that students will encounter on the Consortium’s next-generation assessments.

Achievement Level Descriptors (ALDs) are the Smarter Balanced Score description of performance levels for Mathematics and ELA.

Summative Test Blueprints External link opens in new window or tab. describe the content of the mathematics and ELA summative assessments for grades three through eight and high school, as well as how that content will be assessed. Developed with broad input from member states, partners, and stakeholders, the summative test blueprints reflect the depth and breadth of the performance expectations of the CCSS.

Minimum Technological System Requirements are necessary due to the variety of test item types included in computer adaptive testing, which the Smarter Balanced assessment system uses.

Related Links

Information is also available regarding the Smarter Balanced Assessment System.

External Organizations

Organizations at the state and national level that inform mathematics education and provides resources.

State

CDE’s Online Professional Learning Community (Supports Local Control and Accountability Plan Priorities 2, 4, 5)
The CDE’s online professional learning community for educators throughout the state.

California Mathematics Council (CMC) External link opens in new window or tab.
A nonprofit professional organization, the CMC believes that all students have the capacity to become mathematically competent and confident when provided a rigorous and challenging mathematical program supported by high expectations.

California Mathematics Project (CMP) External link opens in new window or tab.
As part of the University of California's Subject Matter Projects, the CMP is a kindergarten through grade sixteen network dedicated to providing students a rich, rigorous, and coherent mathematics curriculum taught by competent and confident mathematics teachers who foster all students’ proficiency in mathematics—achieving equity in quality.

Curriculum and Instruction Steering Committee (CISC) of the California County Superintendents Educational Services Association (CCSESA) External link opens in new window or tab.
A committee of CCSESA that initiates collaborative leadership to ensure programs, practices, and services that support success for all students.

National

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) External link opens in new window or tab.
A professional organization that supports teachers to ensure equitable mathematics learning of the highest quality for all students through broad national leadership in matters related to mathematics education.

National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics (NCSM) External link opens in new window or tab.
A leadership organization that provides opportunities to support mathematics education leadership and to sustain improved student achievement.

Association of State Supervisors of Mathematics (ASSM) External link opens in new window or tab.
A national group comprised completely of members who are or have served as a state or provincial supervisor of mathematics who also provide Position Statements on a variety of mathematics topics.

TODOS: Mathematics for ALL: Excellence and Equity in Mathematics External link opens in new window or tab.
An international professional organization that advocates for equity and excellence in mathematics education for ALL students – in particular, Latina/o students. TODOS advances educators’ knowledge, develops and supports education leaders, generates and disseminates knowledge, informs the public, influences educational policies, and informs families about education policies and learning strategies.

Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences (CBMS) External link opens in new window or tab.
An umbrella organization consisting of 18 professional societies, all of which have as one of their primary objectives, the increase or diffusion of knowledge in one or more of the mathematical sciences. Its purpose is to promote understanding and cooperation among these national organizations so that they work together and support each other in their efforts to promote research, improve education, and expand the uses of mathematics.

Mathematical Association of America (MAA) External link opens in new window or tab.
A professional organization that focuses on mathematics at the undergraduate level.

Math and Science Partnership Network (MSPnet) External link opens in new window or tab.
An electronic learning community for the Math and Science Partnership Program that partners institutions of higher education with kindergarten through grade twelve districts and others to improve student performance in mathematics and science.

American Mathematical Society External link opens in new window or tab.
A professional organization founded to further the interests of mathematical research and scholarship, including careers centered on mathematics.

The Benjamin Banneker Association, Inc. External link opens in new window or tab.
A national non-profit organization and partner affiliate with the NCTM, dedicated to mathematics education advocacy, establishing a presence for leadership, and professional development to support teachers in leveling the playing field for mathematics learning of the highest quality for African–American students.

Families & Students

Information and resources for parents and guardians that explain mathematics instruction used today and provide suggestions for supporting their child’s academic success.

California Resources

Mathematics Framework Chapters
Frameworks provide guidelines to schools and districts for implementing the state-adopted standards. The Mathematics Framework was adopted by the California SBE on November 6, 2013. Although the audience for the framework is teachers and administrators, parents and guardians may still find the grade-level chapters useful for learning more about what CCSS-aligned instruction should look like.

 

Questions:   Professional Learning Support & Monitoring Office | plsmo@cde.ca.gov | 916-325-5847
Last Reviewed: Wednesday, June 12, 2024
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