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Local Control Funding Formula Equity Multiplier

Additional funding available to local educational agencies (LEAs) for evidence-based services and supports for students at select schoolsites.

Overview

The Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF) Equity Multiplier (Equity Multiplier) provides additional funding to local educational agencies (LEAs) for allocation to schoolsites with prior year nonstability rates greater than 25 percent and prior year socioeconomically disadvantaged pupil rates greater than 70 percent. Pursuant to California Education Code (EC) 42238.024 External link opens in new window or tab. Equity Multiplier funding is required to be used to provide evidence-based services and supports for students at these schoolsites. LEAs are also required to document the efforts to improve outcomes for students at these schoolsites beginning with the 2024–25 Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP).

Funding Results

Fiscal Year 2023–24

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Program Requirements

FAQs related to documenting efforts to improve outcomes for students at Equity Multiplier schoolsites will be added following the adoption of the 2024–25 LCAP template and instructions.

Funding Formula and Apportionment

Which entities are eligible for LCFF Equity Multiplier funding?

Schoolsites with prior year nonstability rates greater than 25 percent and prior year socioeconomically disadvantaged pupil rates greater than 70 percent, as reported in the California Department of Education’s Stability Rate Data file, within a county office of education, school district, or classroom-based charter school that generates an LCFF entitlement are eligible for LCFF Equity Multiplier funding. Charter schools that are nonclassroom-based as of the prior year’s Second Principal Apportionment are ineligible for LCFF Equity Multiplier funding. (EC 42238.024 External link opens in new window or tab.)

Schoolsites that are eligible based on prior year data but closed in the current fiscal year will not generate LCFF Equity Multiplier funding.

Does a schoolsite or LEA have to apply for LCFF Equity Multiplier funds or will funding be automatically allocated?

Funding will be automatically calculated for each eligible schoolsite and will be allocated to LEAs through the Principal Apportionment based on the statutory formula. There is no application process for LCFF Equity Multiplier funding.

How will LCFF Equity Multiplier funding be calculated?

The LCFF Equity Multiplier is a school site funding calculation. For each eligible schoolsite, a calculated statewide Equity Multiplier rate will be multiplied by each schoolsite’s adjusted cumulative enrollment for the prior year, as identified in the Stability Rate Data file. The schoolsite will receive the product of this calculation or $50,000, whichever is greater.

The statewide Equity Multiplier rate is determined by the total amount of LCFF Equity Multiplier funding and the total adjusted cumulative enrollment eligible to generate funding in any given fiscal year. The rate is equal to the amount needed to fully allocate LCFF Equity Multiplier funding.

In 2023–24, the total amount of LCFF Equity Multiplier funding to be apportioned is $300 million. Commencing in 2024–25, this amount will be increased by the cost-of-living-adjustment pursuant to EC 42238.02(d)(2) External link opens in new window or tab..

How will LCFF Equity Multiplier funding be distributed?

For LEAs with eligible schoolsites, LCFF Equity Multiplier funding will be included in the LEA’s monthly Principal Apportionment payments in accordance with the Principal Apportionment Payment Schedule. Payments will commence with the 2023–24 First Principal Apportionment certified in February 2024. LEAs that are apportioned LCFF Equity Multiplier funds will distribute funding to eligible schoolsites based on the amounts calculated by the California Department of Education.

For more information on the Principal Apportionment, please refer to the Principal Apportionment web page.

Where and when will funding results be available?

Funding results will be posted on the LCFF Equity Multiplier funding profile with each certification of the Principal Apportionment. Calculation details will also be available as a funding excel file with each Principal Apportionment certification.

Is LCFF Equity Multiplier funding an add-on to the LCFF entitlement?

No. LCFF Equity Multiplier funding is a separate source of funding allocated outside of the LCFF entitlement and is not offset by the LEA’s local revenue. Funding is identified as a separate line item of the Principal Apportionment Summary. Revenue and expenditures are tracked with a unique Standardized Account Code Structure (SACS) code.

What is the Standardized Account Code Structure (SACS) code for LCFF Equity Multiplier funds?

For SACS coding, use Resource Code 7399, and Revenue Object Code 8590.

Allowable Uses

What can LCFF Equity Multiplier funds be used for?

EC Section 42238.024(b)(1) External link opens in new window or tab. requires that Equity Multiplier funds be used for the provision of evidence-based services and supports for students.

Evidence-based services and supports are based on objective evidence that has informed the design of the service or support and/or guides the modification of those services and supports. Evidence-based supports and strategies are most commonly based on educational research and/or metrics of LEA, school and/or student performance.

Equity Multiplier funds must be used to supplement, not supplant, funding provided to Equity Multiplier schoolsites for purposes of the LCFF, the Expanded Learning Opportunities Program (ELO-P), the Literacy Coaches and Reading Specialists (LCRS) Grant Program, and/or the California Community Schools Partnership Program (CCSPP).

What does it mean to supplement, not supplant, funding provided to Equity Multiplier schoolsites?

As noted above, Equity Multiplier funds must be used to supplement, not supplant, funding provided to Equity Multiplier schoolsites for purposes of the LCFF, the Expanded Learning Opportunities Program (ELO-P), the Literacy Coaches and Reading Specialists (LCRS), and/or the California Community Schools Partnership Program (CCSPP). This means that Equity Multiplier funds must not be used to replace funding that an Equity Multiplier schoolsite would otherwise receive to implement LEA-wide actions identified in the LEAs Local Control and Accountability Plan or that an Equity Multiplier schoolsite would otherwise receive to implement provisions of the ELO-P, the LCRS, and/or the CCSPP.

Stability Rate and Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Pupil Data

What is the Stability Rate and how can it be accessed?

The stability rate is a measure to identify the number and percent of students who receive a “full year” of learning in the same school. The measure is intended to serve as a tool to help better understand the complex needs of students and schools. These data are reported on an annual basis on the California Department of Education’s public reporting site DataQuest found under the report subject “School Climate Data” and available in downloadable files on the Stability Rate Data web page.

Detailed information about the Stability Rate Measure can be accessed on the Information about the Stability Rate Report web page.

What is the difference between Socioeconomically Disadvantaged students and students who are eligible for free or reduced priced meals?

Any student who is eligible for free or reduced priced meals is included in the Socioeconomically Disadvantaged student group. The Socioeconomically Disadvantaged student group is comprised of students who meet at least one of the following criteria:

  1. neither of the student's parents has received a high school diploma
  2. the student is eligible for or participating in the Free Meal program or Reduced-Price Meal program
  3. the student is eligible for or participating in the Title I Part C Migrant program
  4. the student was considered Homeless
  5. the student was Foster Program Eligible
  6. the student was Directly Certified
  7. the student was enrolled in a Juvenile Court School
  8. the student is eligible as a Tribal Foster Youth
When is the California Department of Education’s Stability Rate Report available?

The Stability Rate Report will be released early 2024.

Contacts

For Program Requirements and Allowable Uses, contact the Local Agency Systems Support Office at LCFF@cde.ca.gov.
For Funding Formula and Apportionment, contact the Principal Apportionment Section at PASE@cde.ca.gov.
For the Stability Rate Data File, contact the Data Reporting Office at dro@cde.ca.gov.

Questions:   Local Agency Systems Support Office | LCFF@cde.ca.gov
Last Reviewed: Wednesday, February 21, 2024
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